|Role||Medium lift helicopter|
|First flight||23 December 2013|
|Primary user||People's Liberation Army|
The Harbin Z-20 or Zhi-20 is a medium lift helicopter produced in the Northeast of China. Its first flight was on 23 December 2013. The helicopter has a maximum takeoff weight in the range of 10 tons, can drop troops at locations of up to 3,000 ft (910 m) altitude, and could operate from the Chinese aircraft carrier Liaoning. It is thought to be comparable to the US made Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk helicopter, the civilian Sikorsky S-70C-2 variant of which has been used by the People's Liberation Army since 1984. Some sources suggest that the Z-20 is a copy of the Black Hawk and link the design to the Black Hawk that was abandoned by US special forces in Pakistan during the operation to kill Osama bin Laden on 1 May 2011. The sources say that Pakistan allowed Chinese officials to examine the Black Hawk wreckage. However, Aviation Week also points out that although some aspects of the design do appear similar, such as the tail wheel arrangement, there are also marked differences. For example, the Chinese Z-20 has a five blade rotor compared with the Black Hawks' four blades.
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk
- AgustaWestland AW149
- Eurocopter EC725
- KAI Surion
- Mil Mi-8/Mil Mi-17
- NHIndustries NH90
- Denel Oryx
- Related lists
- Fei (26 December 2013). "China Develops New Type of Helicopter: DM". CRI English. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
- Bradley Perrett (24 December 2013). "Chinese Military Utility Helo Makes First Flight". Aviation Weekly. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
- Staff Reporter (24 December 2013). "Z-20: China's first domestic tactical utility helicopter". Want China Times. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
- Global Times (24 December 2013). "First helicopter flight". Global Times. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
- Chris Luo (24 December 2013). "China’s new ‘Black Hawk’ helicopter takes maiden flight". SCMP. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
- David Cenciotti (3 September 2013). "Mysterious Chinese Helicopter Emerges That Resembles The One Used In Bin Laden Raid". Business Insider. Retrieved 27 December 2013.
- Zachary Keck (26 December 2013). "Did China Just Clone a Black Hawk Helicopter". The Diplomat. Retrieved 27 December 2013.