Harbin Z-5

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Harbin Z-5
Harbin Z-5 China AVIATION MUSEUM OCT 2012 (8272484990).jpg
Harbin Z-5 in Chinese Aviation Museum, Beijing
Role Transport helicopter/Utility helicopter
Manufacturer Harbin Aircraft Manufacturing Corporation
Designer Mil Moscow Helicopter Plant
Status Retired from active service
Primary user China
Number built 545[1]
Developed from Mil Mi-4
Variants Harbin/CHDRI Z-6

The Harbin Z-5 (Zhishengji - helicopter) is a Chinese variant of the Soviet Mil Mi-4 piston powered helicopter. Before its discontinuation from service, it was produced in Harbin, China. The USSR provided China with Mi-4 blueprints just a few years before the Sino-Soviet split in 1958. Maiden flight was in 1958 and mass production started in the mid-1960s. China has produced a number of unique variants through this model, and the Z-5 was employed by the PLA, PLAAF and PLANAF in large numbers as reserve forces. Around 545 were built.[1] A few Z-5 helicopters were modified to carry machine-guns and rocket pods.[2]

During the Chinese-Western rapprochement, one Z-5 was refitted with a Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6T-6 "Twin Pac" turbo-shaft engine in 1979. Some sources refer to this as the Z-6, but this variant discontinued after its first model.[3]

Variants[edit]

Z-5 of Albanian Air Forces
Z-5 
Military transport helicopter.
Z-5 assault helicopter
Some Z-5 were converted to carry rocket pods on outriggers in addition to a gondola with a forward firing machine gun manned by the Flight engineer.
Z-5 Xuanfeng 
Civil transport helicopter.
Z-5 VIP helicopter
VIP versions distinguishable by larger rectangular windows in the cabin.
Z-5 agricultural helicopter
Some Z-5s were fitted with chemical hoppers and/or spray gear for agricultural or forestry protection use.
Z-5 SAR helicopter
Thirteen z-5s are known to have been converted to SAR helicopters with a winch and external fuel tanks.
Harbin/CHDRI Z-6 
A turboshaft variant of the Z-5, eleven aircraft built.

Military Operators[edit]

 Albania
 Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Flag of Democratic Kampuchea.svg Khmer Rouge
 People's Republic of China

Specifications (Z-5)[edit]

Data from Chinese Aircraft[11]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3
  • Capacity: 1,200 kilograms (2,600 lb) normal payload, 1,550 kilograms (3,420 lb) maximum internal payload, 1,300 kilograms (2,900 lb) maximum slung payload.
  • Length: 25.017 m (82 ft 1 in) including main rotor and tail rotor
  • Height: 4.4 m (14 ft 5 in)
  • Max takeoff weight: 7,600 kg (16,755 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Dongan HS-7 14-cylinder, two-row, air-cooled radial piston engine, 1,250 kW (1,680 hp)
  • Main rotor diameter: 21 m (68 ft 11 in)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 210 km/h (130 mph; 113 kn)
  • Ferry range: 780 km (485 mi; 421 nmi) with external fuel tanks

See also[edit]

Related development

Harbin/CHDRI Z-6

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era

Mil Mi-4

Related lists

List of aircraft

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Source: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/russia/mi-4.htm
  2. ^ "AirForceWorld.com Z5 Helicopter Armed Version". AirForceWorld.com. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 
  3. ^ Source: www.vectorsite.net by Greg Goebel (public domain)
  4. ^ "Albania Air Force Unit History". aeroflight.co.uk. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  5. ^ "Albanian Harbin-Z-5". Demand media. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  6. ^ "Portfolio: Democratic People's Republic of Korea Air Force". .acig.org. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  7. ^ Gunston, An Illustrated Guide to Military Helicopters (1981), p. 112.
  8. ^ "Harbin Z-5". globalsecurity.org. Retrieved 17 February 2013. 
  9. ^ Helicopters: An Illustrated History Of Their Impact. ABC-CLIO. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  10. ^ People's Liberation Army Navy: Combat System Technology, 1949-2010. Naval Institute Press. Retrieved 20 February 2013. 
  11. ^ Gordon, Yefim; Dmitry Komissarov (2008). Chinese Aircraft. Manchester: Hikoki Publications. pp. 263–266. ISBN 9 781902 109046. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bill Gunston, An Illustrated Guide to Military Helicopters, Salamander Books Ltd, London 1981. ISBN 978-0861011100