Harbledown

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Harbledown
Harbledown is located in Kent
Harbledown
Harbledown
Harbledown shown within Kent
Population 2,656 (2011.Ward)[1] area_total_km2=7,55
OS grid reference TR130579
Civil parish
  • Harbledown and Rough Common
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CANTERBURY
Postcode district CT2
Dialling code 01227
Police Kent
Fire Kent
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°16′59″N 1°03′14″E / 51.283°N 1.054°E / 51.283; 1.054Coordinates: 51°16′59″N 1°03′14″E / 51.283°N 1.054°E / 51.283; 1.054

Harbledown is the village and clustered settlement immediately west of Canterbury, Kent, in England, contiguous with the city, at least at the lowest level of local government a separate village: it has the mainstay of homes in the civil parish of Harbledown and Rough Common. The High Street is a conservation area with many colloquial buildings either side of a sharp climb towards the city. It has a tall, intact Georgian terrace on the south side. The area includes several orchards for fruit on its outskirts within its bounds.

The Parish Church of St. Michael and All Angels is compact and attractive but more significant is the Hospital of St. Nicholas: this is now an Almshouse with a range of cottages for elderly people. Formerly, it was a leper hospital whose inmates supported themselves by displaying a slipper that had been worn by St. Thomas Becket; passing pilgrims would leave a donation for the privilege of seeing it. As you enter the Hospital of St. Nicholas a plaque reads:

"This ancient Hospital of St. Nicholas Harbledown was founded by Archbishop Lanfranc c. 1084 for the relief of Lepers. On the disappearance of Leprosy from England Lanfranc's foundation gradually developed into the Almshouses of today. The main door of the church is kept locked for security reasons but the interior of the building can be seen by appointment with the Sub Prior. Visitors are invited to walk in the grounds of the Hospital."

Aphra Behn, a pioneering female playwright, was baptized here on 14 December 1640.

There is thought to be a reference to the village of Harbledown towards the close of Geoffrey Chaucer's Canterbury Tales. In the Prologue to the Manciple's tale, the pilgrims are said to near 'Bobbe-up-and-doun, | Under the Blee, in Canterbury Weye' (IX.2-3).[2]

The much-despised Richard Culmer, a Puritan iconoclast known as "Blue Dick", served as a curate in the parish and his opposition to sport caused him to publicly denounce cricket in one of its earliest known references.

Etymology[edit]

It is said that Henry II of England walked barefoot through Harbledown on a pilgrimage to Canterbury Cathedral, in repentance for his mistaken involvement in the murder of Thomas Becket. Thus the area was dubbed 'hobble down', becoming 'Harbledown'. Another explanation says the name 'Harbledown' is more directly the medieval village of 'Bobbe-up-and-doun', as named when Chaucer's pilgrims rested on their way to Canterbury. It was so-called because the road was of poor quality and would 'bob up and down'.

As the place used to be called and recorded as Herbaldoun before Victorian Britain at least, it is more likely the origins of the name has to do with the herbs growing in these hills. "The spot is remarked to be peculiarly healthful, and herbalists are said to come every year to collect medicinal plants which grow only on that particular place."[3] For this reason the leprosy hospital was founded on this spot.

Harbledown across the orchards which surround it

Demography[edit]

Harbledown compared
2001 UK Census Harbledown Canterbury district England
Population 2,593 135,278 49,138,831
Foreign born 11.9% 7.6% 9.2%
White 94.3% 96.6% 90.9%
Asian 2.8% 1.5% 4.6%
Black 0.8% 0.5% 2.3%
Christian 73.3% 73.3% 72%
Muslim 0.6% 0.6% 3.1%
Hindu 0.4% 0.4% 1.1%
No religion 15.7% 16.7% 15%
Unemployed 1.5% 2.7% 3.3%
Retired 17.9% 15.2% 13.5%

At the 2001 UK census, the Harbledown electoral ward, which includes part of Chartham, had a population of 2,593. The ethnicity was 94.3% white, 1.2% mixed race, 2.8% Asian, 0.8% black and 0.9% other. The place of birth of residents was 88.1% United Kingdom, 0.8% Republic of Ireland, 3.1% other Western European countries, and 8% elsewhere. Religion was recorded as 73.3% Christian, 0.5% Buddhist, 0.4% Hindu, 0.2% Sikh, 0.2% Jewish and 0.6% Muslim. 15.7% were recorded as having no religion, 0.7% had an alternative religion and 8.5% did not state their religion.[4]

The economic activity of residents aged 16–74 was 35.9% in full-time employment, 12.7% in part-time employment, 11.3% self-employed, 1.5% unemployed, 2.3% students with jobs, 8.3% students without jobs, 17.9% retired, 4.9% looking after home or family, 3.3% permanently sick or disabled and 1.9% economically inactive for other reasons. The industry of employment of residents was 15.1% retail, 8.2% manufacturing, 5.8% construction, 12% real estate, 10.8% health and social work, 24.1% education, 4.6% transport and communications, 6.7% public administration, 2.7% hotels and restaurants, 2.9% finance, 2.6% agriculture and 4.5% other. Compared with national figures, the ward had a relatively high proportion of workers in education and agriculture. There were a relatively low proportion in manufacturing, hotels and restaurants, and transport and communications. Of the ward's residents aged 16–74, 31.3% had a higher education qualification or the equivalent, compared with 19.9% nationwide.[4]

Early cricket[edit]

Richard Culmer (1597–1662), a Puritan clergyman who had been suspended from his duties in 1635, was restored to the clergy in 1638 as a curate. He was sent to the Parish of Harbledown to assist the Reverend Austin. Culmer, known as "Blue Dick" because he always wore a blue gown, was vindictive towards drunkenness and Sabbath sports.[5] Cricket at this time was played at an inter-parish level only in the south-eastern counties but there had been a number of ecclesiastical cases in which people playing the game on a Sunday were prosecuted. Whereas Culmer had managed to suppress Sabbath sport in other places, he was less successful in Harbledown where the parishioners provoked him by "crickit playing before his door, to spite him".[5]

Having failed to stop cricket in the village by private remonstrances, Culmer in 1640 publicly denounced the sport as "profane", especially if played on a Sunday. This is one of cricket's earliest known references.[6][5][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Canterbury Ward population 2011". Retrieved 2 October 2015. 
  2. ^ 'The Riverside Chaucer', ed. Benson (1987), p.952
  3. ^ The Monthly Review, 1786
  4. ^ a b "Neighbourhood Statistics". Statistics.gov.uk. Retrieved 2008-02-21. 
  5. ^ a b c Major, p. 26.
  6. ^ Underdown, pp. 11–12.
  7. ^ Leach, John (2007). "From Lads to Lord's; The History of Cricket: 1300 – 1787". Stumpsite. Archived from the original on 29 June 2011. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Harbledown Parish Council Website