Harbor Lane–Eden Street Historic District
Harbor Lane–Eden Street Historic District
|Location||Portions of Harbor Ln. and Eden St., Bar Harbor, Maine|
|Area||20 acres (8.1 ha)|
|Architectural style||Colonial Revival, Classical Revival, Queen Anne|
|NRHP Reference #||09000550|
|Added to NRHP||July 22, 2009|
The Harbor Lane–Eden Street Historic District encompasses a neighborhood of Bar Harbor, Maine consisting of architect-designed summer estates that served as the summer of elite society families of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Located northwest of the main village and fronting on Frenchman Bay, the district includes nine summer houses that survived a devastating 1947 fire which destroyed many other summer estates. The district was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2009.
Background and setting
Bar Harbor, Maine is located on the northeast of Mount Desert Island on the central coast of Maine. During the late 19th and early 20th centuries the island was developed as a summer resort for the wealthy elites of eastern cities, with summer estates rivaling those of Newport, Rhode Island. Bar Harbor was home to a significant number of these estates, many of which were destroyed by a 1947 fire which ravaged the eastern half of the island. The Harbor Lane–Eden Street district is located at the southeastern fringe of the area that escaped damage in the fire. It is roughly bounded on the southeast by Harbor Lane, Eden Street on the south and southwest, Sea Fox Road (an access road into the campus of the College of the Atlantic, which occupies some of the former estate houses), and Frenchman Bay.
The district consists of ten properties, nine of which include a surviving estate house, and a historic wharf. The main house of the tenth property, Fabian Cottage, was demolished in 1975, and only its 1887 stable survives. Four of the ten properties, Witch Cliff, Acadia Cottage, Sea Fox, and the Fabian Cottage stable, as well as the stone wharf just south of Sea Fox, are now owned by the College of the Atlantic and form part of its campus. The other six properties are located south of the campus.
Fenwold (6 Harbor Lane), also formerly known as Colonial Hall, was designed by noted Maine architect John Calvin Stevens, and is his only known commission in Bar Harbor. It was built in 1891 for the Rufus King family, and enlarged in 1918. It is stylistically a combination of Colonial and Mediterranean Renaissance Revival architecture.
Reverie Cove (7 Harbor Lane), was designed by local architect Fred L. Savage and built in 1893 for Dr. John Davies Jones. It is an opulent Colonial Revival building with Italian Renaissance Revival details. It was separately listed on the National Register in 1982. The property includes a period carriage house.
Anchorhold (9 Harbor Lane), also formerly known as Elwood and Anchorage, is an 1885 Shingle style house designed by Rotch and Tilden and restyled in 1893 by Fred L. Savage. It was built for Miss E. H. Elwood, who only used it for a few years before selling it. This property also includes a period carriage house.
Green Court (8 Harbor Lane), formerly known as Mainstay, was originally designed by Rotch and Tilden, but underwent later alterations designed by Andrews, Jacques and Rantoul (in 1893) and Duncan Candler (in 1932). It is a three-story Colonial Revival building with Tudor elements. Its carriage house also survives, but has been extensively altered and is no longer historically significant.
Bagatelle (75 Eden Street, but accessed in practice from Harbor Lane) is a Queen Anne and Shingle style building designed by Rotch and Tilden and completed in 1883. It was one of the first estates built in the area. A carriage house and guest house, both designed by Rotch and Tilden, are included on the property. The estate includes land that once belonged to an estate that was destroyed by the 1947 fire.
Villa Mary (77 Eden Street), is the oldest estate in the district. It was built in 1879-80 to designs by New York City architect Bruce Price, with later remodeling in the 1920s by Arthur McFarland. This estate includes land from two others destroyed in the 1947 fire.
- "Announcements and actions on properties for the National Register of Historic Places". Weekly Listings. National Park Service. July 31, 2009. Retrieved December 3, 2009.
- "Harbor Lane – Eden Street Historic District, Bar Harbor. 1879-1947". Maine Historic Preservation Commission. July 22, 2009. Retrieved 2013-02-02.
- "NRHP nomination for Harbor Land–Eden Street Historic District" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2015-02-23.
- Living Places: Harbor Lane–Eden Street Historic District – detailed descriptions of the properties, taken from the National Register nomination