Harcourt Street railway line

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Harcourt Street Railway Line
Bridge, Nine Arches.jpg
The Nine Arches Viaduct over the River Dodder is now re-used by the LUAS Green Line trams
Overview
TypeCommuter rail, Inter-city rail
Heavy rail
SystemCIÉ Railways Division
StatusPartly used by LUAS
LocaleIreland
TerminiHarcourt Street Station
Bray Station
Stations10
Operation
Opened10 July 1854
Closed31 December 1958
OwnerCIÉ Railways Division
Operator(s)CIÉ Railways Division
CharacterTertiary
Depot(s)Harcourt St.
Rolling stockSteam, Clayton steam railcars 1929,
Drumm battery-electric 1932-1949,
diesel rail cars 1954-1959
Technical
Line length12.5-mile (20 km)
Number of tracksDouble track
Track gauge1,600 mm (5 ft 3 in) Irish gauge
ElectrificationNot electrified
Highest elevation80m
Route map

Year
closed
Harcourt Street
1958
Harcourt Rd.
Harcourt Road
1859
Dartmouth Rd.
Northbrook Rd.
Ranelagh Rd.
Charleston Rd.
Ranelagh & Rathmines
1958
Milltown
1958
Nine Arches Viaduct
over River Dodder
Main St., Dundrum
Dundrum
1958
Kilmacud Rd. Upper
80m
Stillorgan
1958
Brewery Rd.
Stillorgan Rd.
Foxrock
1958
Glenamuck Rd. Nth.
Carrickmines
1958
Lehaunstown Ln.
Bride's Glen Viaduct
over Loughlinstown River
Cherrywood Rd.
Stonebridge Rd.
Shankill (DW&WR)
1958
Dublin Rd. (R119)
Quinn's Rd.
Shanganagh
Junct.
Woodbrook Halt
1960
Bray River
Seapoint Rd.
Quinnsborough Rd.
Bray
The line, in red, in 1887
The closed station, after having been sold in 1959 for £67,500

The Harcourt Street Railway Line (Irish: Seanlíne Iarnróid Shráid Fhearchair) ran from Harcourt Street in Dublin through the southern suburbs to Bray.

History[edit]

Following the success of the Dublin and Kingstown Railway (D&KR), which opened on 17 December 1834, proposals for a second commuter railway were put forward. These plans proposed the building of a 12.5-mile (20 km) railway from Bray, which opened on 10 July 1854 to initially terminate at Harcourt Road. (Harcourt Street Station was not built until 1859). The building of the line was carried out by two railway companies: The Dublin, Wicklow and Wexford Railway (DW&WR), who built the line from Dundrum to Bray and the Dublin, Dundrum and Rathfarnham Railway (DD&RR), who were to build the line from Harcourt Street to Dundrum. The latter failed to do so, and the DW&WR took over the line works.

On 14 February 1900, a train from Enniscorthy failed to stop and went through the buffers and the end wall of the station,[1] [2] sending debris over Hatch Street. Nobody was killed, though the driver, William Hyland, had his right arm amputated at the scene. Another serious accident occurred on 23 December 1957 when two trains collided in thick fog just south of Dundrum station. The first train had slowed to a walking pace because of a cow on the line. The second train was allowed into the same section of track due to an error by the signalman. Its driving cab was completely destroyed in the collision and the driver, Andrew Larkin, was killed instantly.[3]

Drumm battery powered 2-car sets were in service between 1932 and 1949. In the 1950s, diesel railcars gradually replaced steam in an effort to improve journey times as many passengers had by then forsaken the line due to a significant increase in private car ownership. CIE were also rapidly expanding their then new bus services in and around the railway.

Route[edit]

The 12.5-mile (20 km) route, which was double tracked by 1862, ran south, initially from a temporary terminus on Harcourt Road. It served the intermediate stations of Dundrum, Stillorgan, Carrickmines and Shankill. The new Harcourt Street station opened on 7 February 1859, along with a temporary platform at Foxrock.

Further new stations followed; Milltown (1860), Foxrock (1861), Rathmines & Ranelagh (1896, renamed Ranelagh in 1921). In 1915, due to coastal erosion, the Westland Row line was moved inland south of Killiney, joining the Harcourt St. Line at the new relocated Shanganagh Junct. The line continued to Woodbrook Halt (1910), which served the cricket ground on Sir Stanley Cochrane's Woodbrook estate. The Woodbrook Golf Club and Cricket Grounds later used this halt between 1920 and 1960.[citation needed]

The summit of the line was at Lakelands between Dundrum and Stillorgan.[4]:viii

One of the major engineering feats on the line was the Milltown Viaduct, or Nine Arches, which still stands today over the River Dodder. The 5-arched Bride's Glen viaduct spans the Loughlinstown River valley and Bride's Glen Rd.

Decision to close[edit]

Following the Beddy Report of 1957, CIÉ decided to close all the non-profitable rural railway branch lines including the Harcourt Street line. In October 1958, CIÉ gave public notice of the closure. Many objections were raised by local people but to no avail. The last train, CIÉ 2600 Class AEC railcar number 2652, left Harcourt Street at 4:25pm on 31 December 1958. One interesting event that occurred was that when this train began crossing The Nine Arches Viaduct between Milltown and Dundrum, the staff of the nearby laundry turned out in force and blew sirens as the train crossed the viaduct for the last time. Following the closure, many of the stations were sold by public auction.[citation needed] The tracks were lifted between 1 January 1959 and September 1960.[citation needed]

Legacy[edit]

The route corridor remained mostly in place until the 2000s. The section between Grand Parade and the old Stillorgan station at Sandyford was chosen for use by the Luas light rail system whose Green Line opened in 2004. The line crosses the Dundrum bypass on the new William Dargan cable-stayed bridge.

An extension of the Luas to Cherrywood opened for passenger service on Saturday 16 October 2010, using most of the old railway alignment.[5][6][7] The route leaves the old alignment after the Sandyford Depot, crosses the M50 motorway and runs down Ballyogan Road, before crossing the M50 again, and re-joining the original alignment before the Carrickmines station. The Railway Procurement Agency announced in 2009 that the Brennanstown stop would not open due to lack of local development.[8] Beyond Brennanstown, the route diverges slightly from the old alignment and enters a new tunnel, before ending at the Brides Glen Luas stop in Cherrywood Business Park.

Visible remains[edit]

Several bridges, stations and much of the alignment have survived. These include the Harcourt Street Station, Dundrum, Stillorgan, Carrickmines and Shankill stations, Woodbrook Halt, the Nine Arches and Bride's Glen viaducts. Little trace of Foxrock railway station remains as the building was demolished in 1991, other than the original passenger entrance to Leopardstown Racecourse beside the golf club main gates.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Johnson, Stephen (1997). Johnson's Atlas and Gazetteer of the Railways of Ireland. Midland Publishing Ltd. ISBN 1-85780-044-3.
  • Mac Aongusa, Brian (2003). The Harcourt Street Line - Back on Track. Curragh Press. ISBN 1-85607-907-4.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "Home". Harcourt Street Train Crash. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007.
  2. ^ "BOT Accident Report" (PDF).
  3. ^ Department of Industry and Commerce, Dublin (12 March 1958). "Report of Inquiry into Accident on Railway System of Coras Iompair Eirann near Dundrum, Co. Dublin, on 23rd December 1957" (PDF). Railways Archive.
  4. ^ Mac Aongusa, Brian (2003). The Harcourt Street Line - Back on Track. Curragh Press. ISBN 1-85607-907-4.
  5. ^ "About Luas Line B1". Luas. Archived from the original on 25 January 2008.
  6. ^ "Line B1 simple maps". Luas. Archived from the original on 29 March 2007.
  7. ^ "Line B1 Railway Order, Environmental Impact Statement & detailed maps". Luas. Archived from the original on 22 January 2008.
  8. ^ Gartland, Fiona (14 November 2009). "Luas trams will not stop at new Brennanstown station". Irish Times.