Hard Candy (Madonna album)
|Studio album by Madonna|
|Released||April 19, 2008|
|Singles from Hard Candy|
Hard Candy is the eleventh studio album by American singer-songwriter Madonna. It was released on April 19, 2008, by Warner Bros. Records. The album was her final studio album with the record company, marking the end of a 25-year recording history. Madonna started working on the album in early 2007, and collaborated with Justin Timberlake, Timbaland, The Neptunes and Nate "Danja" Hills. The album has an overall R&B vibe, while remaining a dance-pop record at its core. The Pet Shop Boys were also asked to collaborate with Madonna on the album by Warner Bros., but the record company later changed their mind and withdrew their invitation.
Madonna became interested in collaborating with Timberlake after hearing his 2006 album FutureSex/LoveSounds. Together they developed a number of songs for the album, but the basis of the development was Pharrell Williams' demos. Madonna had a number of songs written down for the album, which amazed Timberlake. They had intensive discussions among themselves before recording a song. Later, Madonna recalled that most of the songs on Hard Candy were autobiographical in many respects. However, according to her this was not intentional and happened while she was in the process of developing the album.
Madonna had initially decided to portray herself as the Black Madonna for the cover art, and call it the same, but later felt the idea may have been seen as controversial. She instead named the album "Hard Candy", which refers to the juxtaposition of toughness and sweetness. Critical reaction to the album were generally favorable, though some reviewers condemned it for its attempt to harness the urban market. On release Hard Candy debuted at number one in 37 countries worldwide, including the United States, Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Spain and the United Kingdom and became the eleventh best-selling album worldwide of 2008. The album has sold more than 4 million copies worldwide.
Three singles were released from the album. The first, "4 Minutes", was a worldwide success, topping the charts in 21 countries and becoming Madonna's 37th Billboard Hot 100 top-ten hit. Other singles released were "Give It 2 Me" and "Miles Away". To promote the album, Madonna went on a small promotional tour, where she played in three cities in small venues. The album received the majority of its promotion from the 2008–09 Sticky & Sweet Tour, which went on to become the highest grossing tour ever by a solo female artist.
- 1 Background and development
- 2 Recording
- 3 Music structure and composition
- 4 Release and artwork
- 5 Promotion
- 6 Critical reception
- 7 Commercial performance
- 8 Track listing
- 9 Credits and personnel
- 10 Charts
- 11 Certifications
- 12 Release history
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Background and development
In February 2007, Timbaland said that he was working with Madonna for her upcoming eleventh studio album. It was Madonna's last studio album for Warner Bros. Records, and following the release of a greatest hits collection (Celebration), she would join Live Nation Artists, a new initiative launched by concert promoter Live Nation. The 10-year deal with Live Nation encompassed all of Madonna's future music and music-related businesses, including the exploitation of the Madonna brand, new studio albums, touring, merchandising, fan clubs/Web sites, DVDs, music-related television and film projects and associated sponsorship agreements. In August 2007, Timbaland spoke about the development of the album to MTV News. Together he and Justin Timberlake were confirmed to have worked on the album with Madonna and said that they wrote ten songs for her. Songs confirmed to have been developed were "La, La" and "Candy Shop", which was written by Pharrell Williams. Timbaland added,
"Me and Justin did the records. [Madonna's] got a hot album. Her album is up there with Justin's album. [...] Ah, man, there's this one song, we taking it back to 'You must be my luck-eee starrrr!' ... Remember 'Ugly' by Bubba Sparxxx? I got a beat similar to that. The hook is no words. It's saying stuff named after coffee... The name of the song is 'La, La'. Pharrell did a hot one for her too called 'Candy Shop'."
Timbaland finished off by saying that the title of the album was not decided then, but he had to reconvene with Madonna to complete the record by September 2007. MTV described the new album as moving in an urban direction. It had initially been defined as having "a lot of producers from a lot of genres in there." Pet Shop Boys were originally asked by Warner to write and produce some songs for the album. Timbaland referred to the album as being "like 'Holiday' with an R&B groove".
The album features vocal appearances by Timberlake, Timbaland, Pharrell Williams and Kanye West. It features production by Madonna, Timbaland, Timberlake, The Neptunes and Nate "Danja" Hills. Previously, Madonna had worked with relatively unknown producers like William Orbit, Mirwais Ahmadzaï and Stuart Price. However, for Hard Candy Madonna decided to collaborate with producers and artists who were already well-known. Talking to MTV, Madonna explained her decision to collaborate with well-known producers: "Because they're good, and I like their shit. [...] I mean, I don't like to repeat myself, and I was sitting around thinking, 'What music do I love right now?' And it was actually [Timberlake's] record FutureSex/LoveSounds. [...] I was listening to it obsessively."
Madonna had already started work on the album with Williams, and during one of her breaks from recording, her manager Guy Oseary spoke to Timberlake, suggesting that it "would be cool" if he recorded some songs with her. Timberlake commented "'That would be awesome,' but I thought, 'That'll never happen', [...] But it's a testament to Pharrell. He had already laid the groundwork where she was going with it. She played 'Candy Shop' for me, and a couple of other songs, and I thought, 'What a cool direction.' I thought she could essentially do the whole record with Pharrell if she wanted to, and I asked Tim, 'How do we fit in?' And it basically came down to how we did my record, co-producing, and just throwing Madonna in the mix." The first track recorded by Madonna and Timberlake was "Devil Wouldn't Recognize You". Timberlake felt that the song, which Madonna had been working on for years before the Hard Candy project, was comparable to "Frozen" (1998). He wanted to turn the line "'The devil wouldn't recognize you, but I do" into a catchy hook and make it sound like a concept.
Timberlake was impressed by the amount of recording material Madonna would already have ready. He said that he does not normally write down his lyrics, since the ideas come faster to him, but Madonna had "all these thoughts, riddles, poems, feelings, all written in huge notebooks ... she kept handing them over. It was amazing, taking these little bits here and there and putting them together like a puzzle." For recording "Miles Away", Timberlake played a guitar riff for Madonna and asked "How do we want to do this? What do we want it to be about? What do we want to say?" Madonna decided to have discussions between herself and Timberlake to develop other ideas for the songs. One of the ideas they connected on was the universality of long-distance relationships, which they felt was too personal for them, but nevertheless used the concept in "Miles Away". Madonna commented on the recorded version: "We put our stuff out there. [...] And after we did the song, everybody in the studio was like, 'Oh, I can relate to that.'"
Music structure and composition
With Interview magazine, Madonna explained her inspirations behind the songs and the music of Hard Candy. She said that "probably in many respects most of the songs [on Hard Candy] are [autobiographical]. But in more of an unconscious way. I don't really think about telling personal stories when I'm writing music. It just comes. And then a lot of times, six months later, eight months later, I go, 'Oh, that's what I wrote that song about.' But that's when I play the song for lots of people and they all go, 'Oh, I can totally relate to that.'" "Candy Shop" is the opening track of the album. Produced by Williams, the song uses the word candy as a metaphor for sex. Williams said, "We were just in a studio, [...] and [Madonna] was like, 'Look, give me some hot shit.' I was looking at her like, 'She's saying hot shit?' She was like, 'What?' And I'm like, 'OK.' So we just worked and made it." The first single from the album, "4 Minutes", was initially known as "4 Minutes to Save the World". The song's development was motivated by a sense of urgency to save the planet from destruction, and how people can enjoy themselves in the process. According to Madonna, the song inspired her to produce the documentary I Am Because We Are. The song features vocals by Timberlake and Timbaland. An uptempo dance song with an urban, hip hop style, it also incorporates Timbaland's bhangra beats. The instrumentation used in the song includes brass, foghorns and cow bells. The song's lyrics carry a message of social awareness, inspired by Madonna's visit to Africa and the human suffering she witnessed.
In "Give It 2 Me", the album's second single, Madonna merged bounce-beats and a funky bassline. "If it's against the law, arrest me", she sings "If you can handle it, undress me." The song has a short interlude where Madonna continuously repeates the words "Get stupid", as Williams chants, "To the left, to the right". "Give It 2 Me" was written by Madonna as an anthemic, self-manifesto song which, although it appears to be about dance and sex, is a reference to Madonna's career spanning three decades in the music industry. Musically it is an upbeat dance song, featuring instrumentation from West African percussion and cowbells. Backing vocals are provided by Williams. The fourth track "Heartbeat" has Madonna singing breathlessly and also features an interlude where the music changes from its normal rhythm, just the sound of drums.
MTV said that "Miles Away", the third single from the album, was the most deceptively simple track because although it appeared straightforward on the surface, it had a lot of technical tricks underneath it. The song departs from the dance theme of the album and deals with the difficulties of long-distance relationships. "Miles Away" is a melancholy electronic ballad, which, according to Madonna is autobiographical, and is inspired by her then husband Guy Ritchie. The relationship themed lyrics continue in the next track "She's Not Me", which talks about Madonna being emulated by another woman, hence she utters the line "She started dressing like me and talking like me, It freaked me out, She started calling you up in the middle of the night, What's that about?"
The next track "Incredible" starts off like a love song but reveals itself to be a plea to someone to start over, while changing its composition from the interlude. According to MTV, the shift in the structure reflected Madonna's own confusion about how she felt about her lover in the song. "Can't get my head around it", she sang. "I, I need to think about it." "Beat Goes On" featuring West, has a 70s R&B meeting 80s dance vibe and a rap interlude by West. Williams has commented that Madonna's work ethic was different from other artists that he had worked with before. That is reflected in songs like "Spanish Lesson" where she sings the line "If you do your homework/ Baby I will give you more". It also has influences of Spanish music. Groove inspired music is present in "Dance 2Night", which featured Timberlake.
"Devil Wouldn't Recognize You" was written by Madonna before the Hard Candy project started. The song has a sense of mystery and starts off softly and slowly with a piano introduction. It then becomes fast and melancholy, with Madonna singing: "Your eyes are full of surprises/ They cannot predict my fate". The trip hop inspired "Voices" is the last track of the album, consisting of unresolved chords and sweeping strings, as the lyrics question who is really in control: "Are you walking the dog?/ Is the dog walking you?"
Release and artwork
Hard Candy was released on April 25, 2008, in the European countries of Germany, Ireland, Austria and Netherlands. On April 28, the album was released in the United Kingdom, Brazil and throughout the rest of Europe, and on April 29, in the United States, Mexico and Canada. Billboard reported that the title of the album was Licorice, as announced on the Sirius Satellite Radio programme OutQ. In an interview with MTV Australia, Madonna explained that a prominent theme of the Hard Candy album was about incorporating the image of a boxer, an idea which has been repeated within the song "Give It 2 Me". According to her, "['Give It 2 Me'] is basically [opposite in meaning]. I'm not [...], 'give me all you got' [kind of person], so it's quite a sort of tough stance." Hence, initially Madonna decided that the title of the song was to be used for the then-unnamed album. This was changed following the release of a similarly named song by Timbaland. After that, Madonna decided to call the album Black Madonna, and even shot a photograph for the cover art, wearing blackface make-up with white eyes. In a 2009 interview with Rolling Stone Madonna commented:
"I did a photoshoot with Steven Klein for my last album cover, and I painted my face black, except for red lips and white eyes. It was a play on words. Have you ever heard of the Black Madonna? It has layers of meaning and for a minute, I thought it would be a fun title for my record. Then I thought, 'Twenty-five per cent of the world might get this, probably less, it's not worth it.' It happens all the time, because my references are usually off the Richter scale."
The title of the album was finally confirmed by MTV as Hard Candy. Madonna's representative Liz Rosenberg told Entertainment Weekly: "She loves candy, [...] [The title is] about the juxtaposition of tough and sweetness, or as Madonna so eloquently expressed: 'I'm gonna kick your ass, but it's going to make you feel good." The album cover art was also released at the same time and featured Madonna with short cropped hair in a black leotard with a professional wrestling championship belt across her waist. The belt includes the inscription "Give It to Me", the original title of the album. The backdrop displayed pink peppermint swirls. The photo was taken during a photoshoot with Klein for Interview magazine's April 2008 issue.
Seven songs from the album were made available for download by mobile phone during the week prior to the album's official release. Beginning on April 21 and ending on April 27, 2008, the songs "Candy Shop", "Miles Away", "Give It 2 Me", "Heartbeat", "Beat Goes On", "Devil Wouldn't Recognize You" and "She's Not Me" were distributed. Additionally, Hard Candy and the "4 Minutes" music video were pre-loaded onto the Samsung F400 in France. In other markets, Vodafone and Warner Music International made an arrangement which saw the music and other forms of mobile content from "Hard Candy" available exclusively to Vodafone mobile customers prior to the album's general release. A similar deal was made with Sony Ericsson, who offered the album pre-loaded onto their phones in 27 different countries worldwide. Hard Candy was also streamed on MySpace four days before its United States release. Furthermore, the season finale of Ugly Betty's second season, "Jump", solely featured Madonna's music. "Candy Shop", "Spanish Lesson", "She's Not Me" and "Miles Away" were played, as well as the 2006 single "Jump". "Miles Away" was also used in the Japanese TV drama Change.
Hard Candy Promo Tour
Following the album's release, Madonna went on a promotional tour for the album, which was the first venture as part of her new contract with concert promoters Live Nation with media content provided by "Frank the Plumber LLC". The show consisted of a 40-minute set featuring six songs, with dates in New York City, Paris and Maidstone. In an interview with the BBC, Madonna stated:
"Obviously, I want to do new stuff because I'm very excited about it. I feel that's what people come to hear but I also want to do a few of my oldies but goodies. I chose "Hung Up" because that was the biggest hit from my last record and I chose "Music" because it's a crowd pleaser, it's anthemic and it brings people together."
The show had an expandable, five-platform stage which displayed the album's cover art. Madonna, wearing a skintight black suit and a lace top, appeared on the stage while sitting on a throne with a golden walking stick, as the music of "Candy Shop" started. Images of confectionery flashed on the television screens flanking the back of the stage. Madonna, along with her six dancers, gyrated in choreographed dance moves. Next, Madonna strapped on an acoustic guitar, took a swig from a champagne bottle and started singing "Miles Away", as images of planes taking off and landing, airports and various locations around the globe were projected across the screens behind her. After that "4 Minutes" was performed, which mimicked its video with a flashing countdown clock. Then Madonna paused for a moment to thank her collaborators, including Timberlake, West, Timbaland and others. "I feel like the luckiest girl in the world", she said, before dedicating the next song, "Hung Up" from 2005's Confessions on a Dance Floor, to her fans. The song was mixed with The Rolling Stones track "(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction". It was followed by "Give It 2 Me", during which pink and green disco beams pulsated across the crowd. The show ended with a performance of "Music" (2000), during which her dancers emerged from a false, silver subway car door. Madonna danced across the stage, touching the hands of the audience and ended the show by racing up the stage to the subway doors, behind which she disappeared.
Chris Harris from MTV reviewed the show at Roseland Ballroom, New York, and commented that "It was an event better-suited for Madison Square Garden and one that these fans — many of whom probably had to call a sitter for the evening — won't soon forget." Ben Sisario from The New York Times commented "for Madonna's fans, [the New York show] proved that seeing her for free in a 2,200-capacity hall — minuscule by her usual touring standards — was something worth waiting for. And waiting for a very long time." Silvio Pietrolungo from Billboard felt that "The crowd of 2,200 was certainly dedicated." The April 30, 2008, New York set was shown live via MSN in association with Control Room and Live Nation. It was broadcast internationally on May 15, 2008. The Maidstone show faced problems with the organisers due to Madonna's use of swearing, causing complaints to be made to the BBC when the show was aired on Radio 1.
Sticky & Sweet Tour
To further promote the album, Madonna embarked on the Sticky & Sweet Tour, her eighth worldwide concert tour. It began in August 2008 and was Madonna's first tour from her new recording and business deal with Live Nation. The tour was announced in February 2008, with dates for American and British venues revealed. Though initially planned, the tour failed to visit Australia due to financial problems and the financial recession. Costume designer Arianne Phillips designed the costumes, supported by a number of famous designers and brands, namely Givenchy, Stella McCartney, Yves Saint Laurent, Roberto Cavalli, and Jeremy Scott. The stage for the main show was planned similarly to that of her 2006 Confessions Tour. After the Sticky & Sweet Tour concluded in 2008, Madonna announced plans to begin a second European leg in 2009 to perform in cities she had either never been to, or had not played for a long time.
The tour was described as a "rock driven dancetastic journey". It was divided into four acts: Pimp, where S&M was the main theme, Old School where Madonna's classic songs were performed alongside displays of the work of deceased artist Keith Haring, Gypsy, a fusion of Romani folk music and dance, with performances ranging from melancholy to joyous, and Rave, where she performed track's featuring Eastern influences. The show ended with a sing-along of the final song with the audience. Some changes were made to the set list during the second European leg of the tour in 2009, including a dance tribute to deceased singer Michael Jackson. The tour generated positive reviews from critics.
The Sticky & Sweet Tour broke many records in terms of ticket sales, commercial gross and audience attendance. After the first leg, it became the highest grossing tour by a solo artist, earning $282 million, breaking the previous record Madonna herself held with her Confessions Tour. Overall, Madonna performed to over 3.5 million fans in 32 countries, grossing a total of US$408 million, making it also the second highest grossing tour of all time and the highest grossing tour by a solo artist. At the 2009 Billboard Touring Awards, the Sticky & Sweet Tour won the Top Tour and Top Draw prizes, which acknowledge the highest-grossing and highest-attended tours of the year, respectively. Madonna's manager Guy Oseary won the Top Manager award.
A 24 second sample of "4 Minutes" by Madonna, featuring Justin Timberlake, which was a worldwide success, topping the charts of most major musical markets and becoming Madonna's 37th Billboard Hot 100 top-ten hit.
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
"4 Minutes" was released as the lead single from the album on March 17, 2008 by Warner Bros. Records. "4 Minutes" has been praised by many contemporary critics. Some have noted, however, that it was Madonna rather than Timberlake who appeared to be the featured artist on the track. "4 Minutes" achieved international success by topping the charts in 21 countries worldwide. It became Madonna's 13th number-one single in the United Kingdom, the highest total for any female artist in the British charts. In the United States, "4 Minutes" peaked at number three on the Billboard Hot 100, giving Madonna her 37th Top Ten hit, breaking the record previously held by Elvis Presley. In the song's accompanying music video, Madonna and Timberlake sing and run away from a giant black screen that devours everything in its path. At the end of the video, Madonna and Timberlake are consumed by the screen. The song received a Grammy nomination in the Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals category.
"Give It 2 Me" was released on June 4, 2008 by Warner Bros. Records as the second single from the album. The song received positive reviews from contemporary critics. It became Madonna's 39th number-one single on the Billboard Hot Dance Club Play chart. It charted on the Billboard Hot 100 for one week, and reached a peak of 57 only. The song topped the music charts in the Netherlands and Spain and attained top-ten positions on the charts of many other European nations. "Give It 2 Me" received a Grammy nomination in 2009 in the Best Dance Recording category. "Miles Away" was released as the third and final single from the album, on October 17, 2008. It received positive appreciation from contemporary critics, though some of them noted its similarity to Timberlake's 2006 single, "What Goes Around.../...Comes Around". "Miles Away" reached the top forty in the official charts of United Kingdom, Canada, Belgium, and the Netherlands. The song did not appear on the official chart of the United States, but it was a success on the US dance charts, where it became Madonna's seventh consecutive number-one song on the Hot Dance Airplay chart, the most for any artist.
Hard Candy received a score of 65/100 on Metacritic, which indicates "generally favorable reviews". Mark Savage from the BBC commented on the composition of the tracks, saying "if a handful of the tracks had been delivered to more producers with a touch more subtlety, Hard Candy could have ranked alongside Madonna's best. [...] Over and over again, she subsumes her pop sensibilities to their arsenal of clattering beats, hollered raps and over-fussy production." Stephen Thomas Erlewine from AllMusic felt that "There's a palpable sense of disinterest [in Hard Candy], as if she just handed the reins over to Pharrell and TimbaLake, trusting them to polish up this piece of stale candy. Maybe she's not into the music, maybe she's just running out this last album for Warner before she moves onto the greener pastures of Live Nation—either way, Hard Candy is as a rare thing: a lifeless Madonna album."
Tom Young from Blender gave a positive review saying "On Hard Candy, she's like an aging master thief sneaking into the temple of pop goodies for one last big score. Album 11 is good-naturedly smutty, not confrontationally nasty, but it's a veritable filth bath compared to the C-SPAN sermons and confessional strumming of 2003's dreadful American Life or the woozily self-actualized club trance of 2005's Confessions on a Dance Floor." Kerri Mason from Billboard complimented the new sound and the musical direction taken by Madonna but felt that she had become a producer's puppet, leading her to comment that "Madonna makes producers, producers don't make Madonna." Chris Willman from Entertainment Weekly gave the album a B+ and said "[Madonna] makes it work with this surprisingly rejuvenated set." Mike Collett-White from Reuters reported: "As parting gifts go, Madonna's 11th studio album—and her last before she exits long-term record label Warner Bros.—is unusually generous, if early reviews are to be believed. [...] Hard Candy scored solidly among rock critics."
Caryn Ganz from Rolling Stone said that Hard Candy is the work of "a songwriting team of American chart royalty" that helps Madonna "revisit her roots as an urban-disco queen. [...] For Hard Candy, she lets top-shelf producers make her their plaything." Ben Thompson from The Guardian commented on the music by saying that "Hard Candy is a tough, nuggety confection offering plenty for listeners to get their teeth into. [...] Whenever [it] threatens to get boring, something always happens to recapture your interest." Sarah Hajibegari from The Times felt that while "Hard Candy is no disaster", the album's producers have "already done the same thing with Nelly Furtado, Britney Spears and Gwen Stefani." Andy Gill from The Independent said that the album portrayed Madonna as "how a once diverse talent has ossified into simply satisfying the sweet tooth of functional dance-pop." Thomas Hausner from PopMatters wrote that the album "is overpopulated with recycled pop that is indistinguishable and artificial, something Madonna's soothing arpeggiating vocals cannot alleviate".
Tom Ewing from Pitchfork Media wondered "after listening [to the album], the question's still open—nobody involved in Hard Candy is anywhere near their creative peak!" Sal Cinquemani from Slant Magazine was disappointed with the album and said, "Madonna hasn't delivered this many vapid floor fillers on one disc since her debut, and maybe not even then. [...] There are few confessions here—nothing political, nothing too spiritual, no talk of fame, war, or the media. It's just what America ordered." Wilfred Young from NME felt that Hard Candy was "a solid enough album by the standards of most pop tarts, but from the mistress of innovation? Pretty mediocre."
After its release, Hard Candy debuted at number-one in 37 countries and was the eleventh best-selling album worldwide in 2008, according to the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. The album has sold more than four million copies worldwide. According to Nielsen SoundScan, Hard Candy sold 100,000 copies in the United States upon its first day of release. It debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 with over 280,000 copies sold. Hard Candy became Madonna's seventh number-one album, making her the female artist with the second most Billboard number one albums, behind only Barbra Streisand. The album was certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) on June 4, 2008, for shipments of 500,000 copies in the United States. As of October 2012, Hard Candy has sold 744,000 copies. In Canada, the album debuted at the top of the Canadian Albums Chart and was certified platinum by the Music Canada (MC) for shipments of 80,000 copies.
In Australia, Hard Candy became Madonna's seventh album to reach number one on the ARIA Albums Chart. The album was certified platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) for shipments of 70,000 copies there. In New Zealand, Hard Candy debuted and peaked at number five on May 5, 2008, staying on the chart for nine weeks. The album debuted at number one on the Oricon weekly album chart in Japan, selling around 55,462 copies, retaining that position for a second week due to an increase of sales to almost 80,000 copies. Hard Candy was her first album to top the chart in 18 years since I'm Breathless (1990). Madonna also became the first international artist in Japanese chart history to have number-one albums in three consecutive decades. In Latin America the album reached number three in Mexico and was certified double Gold. In Argentina, the album reached three on the Monthly Album chart of CAPIF, and was certified platinum.
Hard Candy also debuted at number one on the UK Albums Chart, making Madonna one of the few artists to achieve ten number one albums, behind Elvis Presley, with eleven, and The Beatles, with fifteen. The album was certified platinum by the British Phonographic Industry for shipments of over 100,000 copies in the United Kingdom. According to the Official Charts Company, Hard Candy has sold 335,523 copies in the UK, as of September 2009. It also reached the top of the European Top 100 Albums chart. In Germany, the album debuted at the top of the Media Control Charts and was present for forty weeks. In Ireland, the album debuted at the top of the Irish charts, replacing 25 Years – 25 Songs by Mary Black. The album was particularly successful in Brazil, where the songs "4 Minutes", "Give It 2 Me", "Heartbeat", "Beat Goes On" and "Candy Shop" were all certified platinum, for sales of 100,000 copies of the songs as digital downloads.
|Hard Candy – Standard edition|
|2.||"4 Minutes" (featuring Justin Timberlake and Timbaland)||
|3.||"Give It 2 Me"||
|6.||"She's Not Me"||
|8.||"Beat Goes On" (featuring Kanye West)||
|9.||"Dance 2Night" (featuring Justin Timberlake)||
|11.||"Devil Wouldn't Recognize You"||
|Hard Candy – Japanese and iTunes Store pre-order bonus track|
|13.||"Ring My Bell"||
|Hard Candy – iTunes Store deluxe edition bonus tracks|
|13.||"4 Minutes" (featuring Justin Timberlake and Timbaland) (Peter Saves New York Edit)||
|14.||"4 Minutes" (featuring Justin Timberlake and Timbaland) (Junkie XL Remix Edit)||
|15.||"Give It 2 Me" (Paul Oakenfold Edit)||
|Hard Candy – Limited Collectors Edition Candy Box bonus tracks|
|13.||"4 Minutes" (featuring Justin Timberlake and Timbaland) (Tracy Young House Edit)||
|14.||"4 Minutes" (featuring Justin Timberlake and Timbaland) (Rebirth Remix Edit)||
|Hard Candy – Limited edition LP bonus disc|
|13.||"4 Minutes" (featuring Justin Timberlake and Timbaland) (Tracy Young Mixshow)||
|14.||"4 Minutes" (featuring Justin Timberlake and Timbaland) (Peter Saves New York)||
- ^a signifies a co-producer
- ^b signifies an additional producer
- ^c signifies a remixer and additional producer
Credits and personnel
Credits adapted from the album's liner notes.
|Austria (IFPI Austria)||Platinum||20,000*|
|Canada (Music Canada)||Platinum||100,000^|
|Denmark (IFPI Denmark)||Platinum||30,000^|
|Greece (IFPI Greece)||Platinum||15,000^|
|Russia (NFPF)||3× Platinum||60,000*|
|Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland)||Platinum||30,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Platinum||335,523|
|United States (RIAA)||Gold||744,000|
*sales figures based on certification alone
|Mexico||April 19, 2008|
|European Union||April 25, 2008|
|United Kingdom||April 28, 2008|
|May 12, 2008||Special Edition|
|May 19, 2008|
|United States||April 29, 2008||
|June 10, 2008||
- Baker, K. C. (May 17, 2009). "Madonna's Greatest Hits Album to Include New Songs". People. Retrieved March 23, 2009.
- Rodriguez, Jayson (February 9, 2007). "Timbaland Still In Shock Over Jay-Z, Madonna, Elton Collaborations". MTV. Retrieved February 26, 2010.
- Sexton, Paul (March 9, 2008). "Madonna Names New Album 'Licorice'". Billboard. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- Reid, Shaheem (August 8, 2008). "Timbaland Talks About His And Justin Timberlake's 'Hot' Collabo With Madonna". MTV. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (April 24, 2008). "Madonna's Hard Candy Sets Sex, Relationships To Hip-Hop, Trip-Hop, Disco Beats". MTV. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- Reporter, Daily Mirror (April 13, 2007). "Madge is mad for it". Daily Mirror. Retrieved April 13, 2007.
- Hard Candy (liner notes). Madonna. Warner Bros. Records. 2008. 9362-49884-9.
- Vineyard, Jennifer (May 28, 2008). "Madonna And Justin Timberlake Say Their 'Shrink Sessions' Led To Hard Candy's 'Personal' Feel". MTV. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- Sischy, Ingrid (April 21, 2008). "Madonna: the one and only, on her life unchained". Interview. CNET Networks. Retrieved August 21, 2008.
- "Madonna Talks Filth, Wisdom And Confectionery". MTV News. March 13, 2008. Retrieved April 24, 2009.
- Moran, Jonathan (April 20, 2008). "Madonna shows her soft side". The Daily Telegraph. news.com.au. Retrieved April 22, 2009.
- Reporter, Sun (March 10, 2008). "Madonna fans: I've got Candy". The Sun. Retrieved April 24, 2009.
- Reporter, Staff (April 18, 2008). "Madonna's 'Hard Candy' Leak: The Track-By-Track". MTV. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- Killian Fox (February 10, 2008). "10 essential albums for spring". The Observer. Retrieved April 11, 2008.
- Staff, MTV News (February 1, 2008). "Katharine McPhee marries Nick Cokas; Plus Jay-Z, R. Kelly, Amy Winehouse, Madonna, Janet Jackson & more". MTV. Retrieved February 3, 2008.
- Ganz, Caryn (February 15, 2008). "Madonna's new album and video: Exclusive Rolling Stone preview". Rolling Stone. ISSN 0035-791X. Retrieved July 8, 2011.
- Scaggs, Austin (October 29, 2009). "Madonna Looks Back: The Rolling Stone Interview". Rolling Stone. San Francisco (1090): 51. ISSN 0035-791X. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Carroll, Larry (February 26, 2008). "Madonna Gets Sweet And Strong With Timbaland, Justin Timberlake On Hard Candy". MTV. Retrieved April 26, 2010.
- Thomas, Lindsay (March 14, 2008). "Madonna, Justin Timberlake Look Sweet In Hard Candy Pics". MTV. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- Reporter, Daily Mail (March 15, 2008). "Madonna is at it again in yet another sultry photo shoot". Daily Mail. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- Richards, Jonathan (March 18, 2007). "Madonna to release new album via mobile". The Times. Retrieved April 11, 2008.
- Pichevin, Aymeric (April 4, 2008). "Samsung Dials Up Madonna Deal For France". Billboard. Retrieved July 14, 2008.
- Brandle, Lars (June 5, 2008). "Madonna's 'Candy' a treat for Sony Ericsson users". Billboard. Retrieved July 14, 2008.
- Fisher, Randy (April 25, 2008). "Madonna releases her new album early". People. Retrieved April 25, 2008.
- "Ugly Betty – Jump Season Episode Guide". TV.com. March 9, 2008. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- Hastings, Chris (March 30, 2008). "Madonna's millions from Hard Candy ads". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media LLC. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
- Reporter, Icon (April 29, 2008). "Madonna Live In New York — Official Press Release". Icon: Official Madonna website. Madonna.com. Retrieved August 2, 2008.
- Madonna (performer), Jo Whiley (host) (May 1, 2008). Jo Whiley meets Madonna Part 1 (Flash Video) (Interview). London, England: BBC. Event occurs at 2:40. Retrieved August 3, 2008.
I'm very excited about it...
- Harris, Chris (May 1, 2008). "Madonna Rips Through A Furiously Paced Set In NYC". MTV. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
- Sisario, Ben (May 1, 2008). "For Madonna Fans, the Wait Is Worth It". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
- Pietrolungo, Silvio (May 2, 2008). "Madonna Fetes 'Hard Candy' With Free NYC Show". Billboard. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
- Cohen, Jonathan (April 15, 2008). "Madonna Plots NYC Webcast, Social Network". Billboard. Retrieved May 4, 2010.
- Reporter, Herald (May 13, 2008). "Madonna shocks Radio 1 crowd with swear words and demands". Herald Sun. Retrieved July 29, 2008.
- Sexton, Paul (May 8, 2008). "Madonna Announces 'Sticky and Sweet' Tour". Billboard. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
- Te Koha, Nui (November 30, 2008). "Madonna dumps Aussie tour dates". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved December 10, 2008.
- Bernstein, Jacob (August 5, 2008). "Madonna's Costumes for Her Sticky and Sweet Tour". Women's Wear Daily. Advance Publications. Retrieved November 5, 2009.
- Waddell, Ray (January 30, 2009). "Madonna Resuming Sticky & Sweet Tour This Summer". Billboard. Retrieved November 9, 2009.
- Reporter, SF (July 6, 2009). "Madonna's emotional tribute to Jackson". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved July 5, 2009.
- Liss, Sarah (October 20, 2008). "Live review: Madonna feels it in her heartbeat". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved November 6, 2009.
- Guerra, Joey (November 17, 2008). "Madonna revs up Minute Maid crowd". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved November 6, 2009.
- Reporter, Press (September 12, 2008). "Madonna Sticky & Sweet European Tour Continues to Shatter Records". Reuters. Retrieved September 26, 2008.
- DeVault, Ryan (December 11, 2008). "Bon Jovi Scores 2008's Top Grossing Tour". Billboard. Retrieved December 13, 2008.
- Waddell, Ray (September 2, 2009). "Madonna Closes Tour In Tel Aviv; 2nd Highest Grossing Trek Of All Time". Billboard. Retrieved November 9, 2009.
- Waddell, Ray (November 5, 2009). "Madonna Takes Top Honors At Billboard Touring Awards". Billboard. Retrieved November 9, 2009.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (April 25, 2008). "Hard Candy > Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- Bull, Sarah (May 12, 2008). "Madonna's sweet success continues". News Limited. Retrieved August 10, 2010.
- "Madonna | Artist | Official Charts". UK Albums Chart Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- Pietroluongo, Silvio (April 2, 2008). "Mariah, Madonna Make Billboard Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved May 5, 2009.
- Harris, Chris (December 4, 2008). "Lil Wayne, Coldplay Lead Grammy Nominations". MTV. Retrieved April 27, 2009.
- "Billboard Hot Dance Club Play". Billboard. New York. 120 (32): 64. August 9, 2008. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
- "Billboard Hot 100". Billboard. New York. 120 (20): 108. May 17, 2008. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved July 23, 2009.
- "Ultratop.be – Madonna – Hard Candy" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- Bronson, Fred (December 18, 2008). "Straight No Chaser, Elvis Presley, Madonna, Brandy". Billboard. Retrieved April 22, 2009.
- "Hard Candy". MetaCritic. CBS Interactive. Retrieved July 8, 2011.
- Young, Tom (April 29, 2008). "Hard Candy – Review". Blender. ISSN 1534-0554.
- Mason, Kerri (May 3, 2008). "Hard Candy: Music Review". Billboard. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- Willman, Chris (April 18, 2008). "Madonna – Hard Candy". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- Thompson, Ben (April 20, 2008). "Madonna, Hard Candyndy". The Guardian. Retrieved April 29, 2008.
- Young, Wilfred (April 28, 2008). "Madonna 'Hard Candy' Review". NME. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- Hauser, Thomas (June 10, 2008). "Madonna: Hard Candy < Reviews". PopMatters. Retrieved July 8, 2008.
- Ganz, Caryn (April 2008). "Music Reviews: Hard Candy". Rolling Stone. 1082 (21). ISSN 0035-791X. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- Cinquemani, Sal (April 23, 2008). "Madonna: Hard Candy | Music Review". Slant Magazine. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- Hajibegari, Sarah (April 8, 2008). "Hard Candy: Madonna Album". The Times. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- Savage, Mark (April 8, 2008). "Review: Madonna's Hard Candy". BBC News. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- Collett-White, Mike (April 29, 2008). "Sweet reviews for Madonna's "Hard Candy"". Reuters. Retrieved April 29, 2008.
- Gill, Andy (April 11, 2008). "Album: Madonna, Hard Candy (Warner Brothers)". The Independent. Independent News & Media. Retrieved April 26, 2008.
- Ewing, Tom (April 28, 2008). "Pitchfork: Album Reviews: Madonna: Hard Candy". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- Reporter, Daily (October 6, 2009). "Madonna's "Sticky & Sweet" Concert to Premiere on EPIX". Bloomberg Television. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- "Top 50 global Best Selling Albums for 2008" (PDF). International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 18, 2009. Retrieved December 31, 2009.
- McKinley, James C. (December 23, 2011). "Spaniard Is Arrested In Leak of Madonna Single". The New York Times. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
- Caulfield, Keith (April 30, 2008). "First day sales put Madonna on track for 7th No. 1". Billboard. Retrieved May 7, 2008.
- Trust, Gary (May 1, 2008). "Madonna Leads Busy Billboard 200 With 7th No. 1". Billboard. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- "American album certifications – Madonna – Hard Candy". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved October 31, 2014. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
- Trust, Garry (October 20, 2012). "Ask Billboard: The Twitter-Sized Edition". Billboard. Retrieved October 21, 2012.
- "Madonna – Chart history" Billboard Canadian Albums Chart for Madonna. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Canadian album certifications – Madonna – Hard Candy". Music Canada. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "Australiancharts.com – Madonna – Hard Candy". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2008 Albums". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "Charts.org.nz – Madonna – Hard Candy". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Oricon Top 50 Albums: 2008-05-19" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "木村首相"効果！？ 女王マドンナが約18年ぶり1位 (in Japanese). Oricon. May 6, 2008. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
- "Mexicancharts.com – Madonna – Hard Candy". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Certificaciones – Madonna" (in Spanish). Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
- "Ranking Mensual de Audio Mayo – 2008 (Repertorio Popular)". Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers. May 31, 2008. Archived from the original on June 15, 2008. Retrieved July 4, 2012.
- "Argentinian album certifications – Madonna – Hard Candy". Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- Reporter, BBC (May 4, 2008). "Madonna celebrates chart double". BBC News. Retrieved May 7, 2008.
- "British album certifications – Madonna – Hard Candy". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved June 29, 2016. Enter Hard Candy in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Select Platinum in the field By Award. Click Search
- "Key Releases: September 26, 2009". Music Week. September 26, 2009. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
- Sexton, Paul (May 23, 2008). "Scooter Unseats Madonna On UK Album Chart". Billboard. Retrieved April 27, 2010.
- "Longplay-Chartverfolgung at Musicline" (in German). Musicline.de. Phononet GmbH. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Irish-charts.com – Madonna – Hard Candy". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Brazilian single certifications – Madonna" (in Portuguese). Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos. Retrieved January 31, 2016.
- "Ranking Semanal desde 01/06/2008 hasta 07/06/2008" (in Spanish). Cámara Argentina de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. Archived from the original on June 15, 2008. Retrieved July 4, 2012.
- "Austriancharts.at – Madonna – Hard Candy" (in German). Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Ultratop.be – Madonna – Hard Candy" (in French). Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Czech Albums – Top 100". ČNS IFPI. Note: On the chart page, select 200819 on the field besides the word "Zobrazit", and then click over the word to retrieve the correct chart data. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Danishcharts.com – Madonna – Hard Candy". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Madonna – Hard Candy" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Madonna: Hard Candy" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Lescharts.com – Madonna – Hard Candy". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Εβδομάδα 19/2008". IFPI Greece. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Top 40 album DVD és válogatáslemez-lista – 2008. 16. hét" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Italiancharts.com – Madonna – Hard Candy". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Norwegiancharts.com – Madonna – Hard Candy". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Oficjalna lista sprzedaży :: OLIS - Official Retail Sales Chart". OLiS. Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Portuguesecharts.com – Madonna – Hard Candy". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Spanishcharts.com – Madonna – Hard Candy". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Madonna – Hard Candy". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Swisscharts.com – Madonna – Hard Candy". Hung Medien. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "Madonna – Chart history" Billboard 200 for Madonna. Retrieved February 2, 2016.
- "ARIA Charts – End Of Year Charts – Top 100 Albums 2008". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- "Alben Annuale 2008" (in Dutch). IFPI Austria. Retrieved September 6, 2013.
- "Rapports Annuel 2008". Ultratop. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- "Canadian Albums Year End 2008". Billboard. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- "Bagom Hitlisten Top 2008". Tracklisten. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- "Jaaroverzichten 2008" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- "Album Jahrescharts 2008" (in German). Offizielle Top 100. December 16, 2008. Retrieved July 30, 2010.
- "Annual Chart — Year 2008 Top 50 Ελληνικών και Ξένων Aλμπουμ" (in Greek). IFPI Greece. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- "Annual Chart — Year 2008 Top 50 Ξένων Aλμπουμ" (in Greek). IFPI Greece. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- "Összesített album- és válogatáslemez-lista". Mahasz. Retrieved May 19, 2010.
- "2008 Oricon Annual Ranking" (in Japanese). Oricon. Retrieved May 19, 2010.
- "Top 100 Musica – Albums" (PDF). AMPROFON. 2008. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
- "Annual Charts: 2008 Albums". PROMUSICAE. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
- "Årslista Album – År 2003" (in Swedish). Swedish Recording Industry Association. Retrieved March 22, 2013.
- "Swiss End of Year Charts 2008". Swiss Music Charts. Hung Medien. Retrieved May 3, 2010.
- "End of Year Album Chart Top 100 - 2008". Official UK Charts Company. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- "2008 Year-End Billboard 200 Albums". Billboard. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
- "Austrian album certifications – Madonna – Hard Candy" (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved October 31, 2014. Enter Madonna in the field Interpret. Enter Hard Candy in the field Titel. Select album in the field Format. Click Suchen
- "Madonna consigue disco de oro en Chile por su último álbum" (in Spanish). El Mercurio. October 13, 2008. Retrieved February 23, 2012.
- "Ultima producción de Madonna logra disco de oro en Chile". La Tercera (in Spanish). Copesa. October 13, 2008. Retrieved February 23, 2012.
- "Danish album certifications – Madonna – Hard Candy". IFPI Denmark. Retrieved October 31, 2014. Click on næste to go to page 20 if certification from official website
- "Madonna" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "French album certifications – Madonna – Hard Candy" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "Quels sont les flops musicaux de 2015 ?" (in French). Pure charts in France. December 23, 2015. Retrieved December 23, 2015.
- "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Madonna; 'Hard Candy')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "Greek album certifications – Madonna – Hard Candy" (in Greek). IFPI Greece. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "Adatbázis – Arany- és platinalemezek – 2008" (in Hungarian). MAHASZ. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "Irish album certifications – Madonna – Hard Candy". Irish Recorded Music Association. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "Italian album certifications – Madonna – Hard Candy" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Retrieved October 31, 2014. Select Album e Compilation in the field Sezione. Enter Madonna in the field Filtra. Select 2008 in the field Anno. The certification will load automatically
- "Japanese album certifications – Madonna – Hard Candy" (in Japanese). Recording Industry Association of Japan. Retrieved October 31, 2014. Select 2008年05月 on the drop-down menu
- "Polish album certifications – Madonna – Hard Candy" (in Polish). Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "Portuguese album certifications – Madonna – Hard Candy" (in Portuguese). Associação Fonográfica Portuguesa. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "Russian album certifications – Madonna – Hard Candy" (in Russian). National Federation of Phonogram Producers (NFPF). Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "Spanish album certifications – Madonna – Hard Candy" (PDF) (in Spanish). Productores de Música de España. Retrieved October 31, 2014. Select the "Chart", enter 2008 in the field "Year". Select 40 in the field "Semana". Click on "Search Charts"
- "Guld- och Platinacertifikat − År 2008" (PDF) (in Swedish). IFPI Sweden. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Madonna; 'Hard Candy')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "MÜ-YAP Bağlantılı Hak Sahibi Fonogram Yapımcıları Meslek Birliği" (in Turkish). Mu-yap.org. Retrieved April 16, 2012.
- "IFPI Platinum Europe Awards – 2008". International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. Retrieved October 31, 2014.
- "Mexican release date for 'Hard Candy'". Asociación Mexicana de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas. April 18, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2010.
- "Hard Candy [Album]". Amazon.com. April 25, 2008. Retrieved April 13, 2009.
- "Hard Candy UK Release". Amazon.com. April 13, 2008. Retrieved April 13, 2009.
- "Hard Candy Special Edition". Amazon.com. May 12, 2008. Retrieved April 13, 2009.
- "Madonna's "Hard Candy" 3 LP Set – UK release". Amazon.com. May 19, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2010.
- "Hard Candy". Amazon.com. April 13, 2008. Retrieved April 13, 2009.
- "Hard Candy Special Edition". Amazon.com. June 10, 2008. Retrieved April 13, 2009.
- "Madonna's "Hard Candy" 3 LP Set – US release". Amazon.com. June 10, 2008. Retrieved May 5, 2010.