Hard Rock Cafe
|Industry||Casual dining restaurants, casinos, hotels|
|Founded||June 14, 1971
London, England, U.K.
|Headquarters||Orlando, Florida, U.S.|
|Jim Allen, President/CEO
Tom Gispanski, CFO
Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton, Founders
|Owner||Seminole Tribe of Florida|
Hard Rock Cafe Inc. is a chain of theme restaurants founded in 1971 by Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton in London. In 1979, the cafe began covering its walls with rock and roll memorabilia, a tradition which expanded to others in the chain. In 2007, Hard Rock was sold to the Seminole Tribe of Florida and has been headquartered in Orlando, Florida since then. As of December 2015, there were 191 Hard Rock locations in 75 countries, including 181 cafes, 25 hotels, and 11 casinos.[needs update]
The first Hard Rock Cafe (HRC) opened on June 14, 1971 at Old Park Lane, Mayfair, London, under the ownership of young Americans Isaac Tigrett and Peter Morton. Hard Rock initially had an eclectic decor, but it later started to display memorabilia.
The chain began to expand worldwide in 1982 with locations in (among others) Toronto, Los Angeles, San Francisco, Chicago, Paris, and Berlin. Hard Rock Cafe locations in the United States vary from smaller, more tourist driven markets (Biloxi, Pigeon Forge, Key West, etc.) to large metropolises (Houston, Philadelphia, New York City, Chicago, Boston, Washington DC, etc.). Hard Rock Cafe typically does not franchise cafe locations in the United States. All US cafes are corporate owned and operated, except for cafes in Tampa and Four Winds New Buffalo casino. However, in the transition of the Las Vegas Hard Rock Hotel property originally owned and then later sold to Rank by founder Peter Morton. Morton retained hotel naming rights west of the Mississippi. When Morton sold his Las Vegas Hard Rock Hotel to the Morgans Hotel Group, he also sold those naming rights, which then gave rise to two US franchised hotels (without cafes) in Albuquerque and Tulsa. The Albuquerque hotel no longer pays for the Hard Rock rights and reverted to its former name in June 2013. More hotels franchised from Morgan's are planned for Sioux City and Vancouver.
In 1990, The Rank Group, a London-based leisure company, acquired Mecca Leisure Group and continued expansion of the concept in its geographic territory. Rank went on to purchase Hard Rock America from Peter Morton as well as Hard Rock Canada from Nick Bitove. After the completion of these acquisitions, Rank gained worldwide control of the brand. In March 2007, the Seminole Tribe of Florida acquired Hard Rock Cafe International, Inc. and other related entities from Rank for US$965 million. In 2008, anonymous members of the wait staff criticized the business because of its practice of paying them less than half the official minimum wage in the UK, with the business allocating tips to staff to bring their salaries within the law. Most customers, it was argued, do not realize that they are subsidizing a low wage when they give the tip.
HRC is known for its collection of rock-and-roll memorabilia. The cafes solicit donations of music memorabilia but also purchase a number of items at auctions around the world, including autographed guitars, costumes from world tours and rare photographs; these are often to be found mounted on cafe walls. The collection began in 1979 with an un-signed Red Fender Lead II guitar from Eric Clapton, who was a regular at the first restaurant in London. Clapton wanted management to hang the guitar over his regular seat in order to lay claim to that spot, and they obliged. This prompted Pete Townshend of The Who to give one of his guitars, also un-signed with the note "Mine's as good as his! Love, Pete." Hard Rock's archive includes over 80,000 items, and is the largest private collection of Rock and Roll memorabilia in the world. Marquee pieces from the collection were briefly displayed in a Hard Rock museum named "The Vault" in Orlando, Florida from January 2003 until September 2004. After the closure, items were disbursed to various restaurant locations. The London Vault remains open and free to visitors, located in the retail Rock Shop of the original cafe.
The Hard Rock Café is also in possession of a Bedford VAL 6 axle coach used in the 1967 film The Beatles Magical Mystery Tour. The vehicle was completely refurbished after filming. It is currently displayed in the US, but makes regular appearances in events in the UK, especially at the original Hard Rock Cafe in London. In 2001, a competition was run to win the actual bus, but it was never given away and remained with the cafe.
Expansion into other businesses
Casinos and hotels
In May 2006, Morton sold the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino, Las Vegas to Morgans Hotel Group for $770 million, including the rights to the Hard Rock Hotel brand west of the Mississippi, including Texas, California, Australia, and Vancouver, British Columbia. The hotel began another expansion in 2007 at a cost of $750 million. The project added 875 rooms in two towers and expanded meeting space. In March 2011, Morgans surrendered control of the property to partner Brookfield Asset Management, citing the high debt on the property in the face of the economic downturn. In April 2018, the Hard Rock Hotel in Las Vegas was sold to Richard Branson with plans to renovate the property under the Virgin Hotels brand.
Today, the Seminole Tribe of Florida owns and operates all units except the Las Vegas, Tulsa, Sioux City, and Vancouver properties. In 2004, Hard Rock International and Sol Melia Hotels and Resorts launched Lifestar Hoteles España SL, a joint venture that intended to manage Europe's first Hard Rock Hotel in Madrid, but it was never opened as a Hard Rock property upon the dissolution of the joint venture in 2007. The other joint venture hotels are in Chicago, New York and San Diego (the San Diego property includes Hard Rock condominiums). Hard Rock also operates hotels and resorts in Orlando, Florida (a joint venture with Loews Hotels); Bali, Indonesia; and Pattaya, Thailand, (a joint venture with Ong Beng Seng/Hotel Properties Limited). Hard Rock International continues to expand internationally (including hotels, casinos, resorts, and condominiums) through several joint ventures (Becker Ventures, Ong Beng Seng/Hotel Properties Limited and Loews Hotels), including hotels in Chicago, Bali, Orlando, Penang, San Diego, Singapore, and planned openings in Abu Dhabi, Cancun, Dubai, Hungary, Panama, Punta Cana and Puerto Vallarta, as well as hotel-casinos in Hollywood, Florida; Tampa, Florida; Las Vegas, Nevada; and Catoosa, Oklahoma, just northeast of Tulsa. (The Hard Rock Casino in Biloxi, MS is owned by Twin River Management Group, Inc.)
The Hotel Zoso in Palm Springs, California was converted into a 160-room Hard Rock Hotel and opened in 2014. A location in Atlantic City, New Jersey was planned, but canceled. All-inclusive resorts operate under the Hard Rock brand in Mexico and the Dominican Republic. In 2013, the Hard Rock Rocksino Northfield Park, opened as a joint slot machine and track venture. The Rocksino is located near Cleveland.
In 2015, Hard Rock announced a new hotel in Bogotá, Colombia, which will open in 2019. The company had plans to open in the biggest financial district in Colombia, the Centro Internacional, but it revised those plans. The hotel will be located in the exclusive Zona Rosa de Bogotá, home of luxury boutiques.
Other international locations include:
- Hard Rock Casino Vancouver, Coquitlam, B.C., Canada
- Hard Rock Hotel Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China
- Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Punta Cana, Macao, Dominican Republic
- Hard Rock Hotel Goa, Bardez, India
- Hard Rock Hotel Bali, Bali, Indonesia
- Hard Rock Hotel Penang, Penang, Malaysia
- Hard Rock Hotel Cancun, Cáncun, Mexico
- Hard Rock Hotel Riviera Maya, Puerto Aventuras, Mexico
- Hard Rock Hotel Vallarta, Riviera Nayarit, Mexico
- Hard Rock Hotel Panama Megapolis, Panama City, Panama
- Hard Rock Hotel Singapore, Resorts World Sentosa, Singapore
- Hard Rock Hotel Ibiza, Islas Baleares, Spain
- Hard Rock Hotel Tenerife, Tenerife, Spain
- Hard Rock Hotel Davos, Davos, Switzerland
- Hard Rock Hotel Pattaya, Chonburi, Thailand
Hard Rock Park
In March 2006, Hard Rock Cafe International announced that it had licensed the "Hard Rock" name to HRP Myrtle Beach Operations, LLC, to design, build, and operate a $400 million 150-acre (0.61 km2) theme park called Hard Rock Park. Hard Rock Park opened on April 15, 2008 in Myrtle Beach, South Carolina. The park was expected to draw an estimated 30,000 visitors per day, promised to create more than 3,000 jobs, and was billed as the largest single investment in South Carolina's history. It planned to feature a large concert arena and six zones with more than 40 attractions. HRP Myrtle Beach Operations, LLC, filed for Chapter 11 on September 25, 2008. The company hoped to re-open in 2009 after restructuring. On January 2, 2009 after failing to attract a buyer with a minimum $35 million bid for over two months, Hard Rock Park asked a Delaware Bankruptcy Court to convert the filing to Chapter 7, triggering immediate liquidation of assets to pay off creditors, and closing the park.
New owners renamed the venue Freestyle Music Park and planned to reopen retaining a music-theme but, without the Hard Rock name by Memorial Day, 2009. The park only operated one additional year and never reopened due to poor attendance.
Hard Rock Stadium
Acquisition by the Seminole Tribe of Florida
On December 7, 2006, Rank sold its Hard Rock business to the Seminole Tribe of Florida for $965 million. Included in the deal were 124 Hard Rock Cafes, four Hard Rock Hotels, two Hard Rock Hotel and Casino Hotels, two Hard Rock Live! concert venues, and stakes in three unbranded hotels. Rank retained the Hard Rock Casino in London, and rebranded it the G Casino Piccadilly. The Hard Rock Hotel and Casino in Las Vegas was also not part of the deal, as it was sold by Peter Morton to Morgans Hotel Group in May 2006. The final takeover was mired in controversy, due to a payment clause in a contract with one casino developer, Power Plant Entertainment. Power Plant and the Seminoles announced a settlement in April 2007 which both sides called equitable. On January 8, 2007, Rank shareholders approved the Seminoles' $965 million offer. The Tribe announced it had finalized the deal on March 11, 2007.
On June 22, 2008, the Seminole Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Hollywood began "Vegas-style" table gambling in addition to the Class II slots already in operation. To win approval for the table games, which were barred under Florida law, the Seminole Tribe paid the State of Florida $100 million as part of a 25-year pact signed by Governor Charlie Crist. On July 3, 2008, the Florida Supreme Court ruled that the governor's agreement was unconstitutional, but table games continue to operate because the Federal Department of the Interior approved the now-invalid pact with the state.
List of locations
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|Location (city)||Location (country)||Established||Status|
|London||United Kingdom||June 14, 1971||Open|
||Canada||June 23, 1978||Closed May 24, 2017|
||United States||October 24, 1982||Closed December 31, 2006|
|Roppongi||Japan||July 4, 1983||Open|
||United States||April 12, 1984||Relocated to Times Square on August 12, 2005|
||United States||September 10, 1984||Closed August 26, 2002. Relocated to Fisherman's Wharf.|
|Stockholm||Sweden||April 16, 1985||Open|
|Chicago||United States||June 17, 1986||Open|
||United States||November 6, 1986||Relocated May 21, 2000|
||United States||November 28, 1986||Relocated July 15, 2009|
|Cancún||Mexico||June 9, 1987||Reopened in March 19, 2016|
||United States||July 17, 1987||Relocated May 21, 2000|
|Reykjavík||Iceland||July 25, 1987||Closed May 29, 2005. Re-opened October 30, 2016.|
||United States||December 11, 1987||Relocated December 29, 2012|
||United States||December 11, 1988||Closed September 6, 2008. Originally San Diego, renamed when downtown location opened.|
||Australia||April 1, 1989||Closed October 22, 2007. Relocated December 6, 2011.|
||Canada||June 6, 1989||Closed September 27, 2009|
||United States||June 12, 1989||Relocated July 2, 2007|
||Mexico||December 8, 1989||Closed January 14, 2014|
|Washington, D.C.||United States||January 1, 1990||Open|
|Singapore||Singapore||February 6, 1990||Open|
||United States||June 7, 1990||Relocated December 11, 1998|
||United States||July 23, 1990||Closed December 4, 2016|
||United States||September 7, 1990||Closed December 31, 2016|
||Canada||September 20, 1990||Closed September 27, 2009|
||Mexico||December 30, 1990||Closed early 2012|
||United States||January 22, 1991||Closed November 1, 2000|
||Canada||April 1, 1991||Closed June 1, 2000|
|Bangkok||Thailand||April 22, 1991||Open|
|Kuala Lumpur||Malaysia||November 23, 1991||Open|
|Paris||France||November 24, 1991||Open|
||Japan||January 17, 1992||Closed September 14, 2001|
||Mexico||April 26, 1992||Closed June 19, 2008|
||Germany||May 18, 1992||Relocated April 26, 2010|
||Indonesia||October 2, 1992||Relocation to Plaza Indonesia Entertainment X'nter in July 2004.|
|Atlanta||United States||November 9, 1992||Open|
||United States||November 23, 1992||Closed June 23, 2005|
||US Virgin Islands, United States||December 17, 1992||Closed April 24, 2005|
||Puerto Rico||March 5, 1993||Closed April 22, 2011.|
||Israel||July 1993||Closed December 1997|
|Grand Cayman||Cayman Islands||April 28, 2000||Closed October 13, 2013. Re-opened in December 2014.|
|Miami||United States||September 21, 1993||Open|
||Mexico||September 23, 1993||Closed May 2013|
|Bali||Indonesia||October 3, 1993||Open|
||Taiwan||December 22, 1993||Closed February 3, 2002|
||China||May 14, 1994||Closed September 30, 2012|
|Nashville||United States||June 21, 1994||Open|
|Cozumel||Mexico||October 22, 1994||Relocated in early 2015.|
||Hong Kong||November 13, 1994||Closed November 24, 2008.|
|Madrid||Spain||November 25, 1994||Open|
|San Antonio||United States||January 12, 1995||Open|
||Hong Kong||March 18, 1995||Closed October 1, 1999|
||Canada||June 6, 1995||Closed June 1, 2000|
||Canada (inside West Edmonton Mall)||July 7, 1995||Closed June 1, 2000|
|Myrtle Beach||United States||July 10, 1995||Broadway at the Beach complex since opening; relocated from original pyramid-shaped building to The Avenue on October 7, 2016.|
|Copenhagen||Denmark||July 18, 1995||Open|
||Canada||September 5, 1995||Closed June 1, 2000|
|Buenos Aires||Argentina||October 15, 1995||Open|
||Australia||October 21, 1995||Closed October 21, 2007|
||United States||October 21, 1995||Relocated February 25, 2002|
||Canada||October 22, 1995||Closed June 1, 2000|
||Taiwan||December 1995||Closed December 1996|
||Mexico||December 10, 1995||Unauthorized location|
|Antwerp||Belgium||December 15, 1995||Closed April 24, 1997. Reopened March 20, 2017|
||Philippines||December 15, 1995||Closed 2017 & renamed to Johnny B. Good after.|
|Universal City||United States||January 12, 1996||Open|
|Surfers Paradise||Australia||March 22, 1996||Open, Originally called Gold Coast.|
||Canada||January 15, 1995 (ByWard Market) June 26, 1996 (Corel Centre)||Corel Centre location closed September 2, 2002
ByWard closed September 1, 2013
Rideau Carleton Raceway location announced
|Niagara Falls||United States||July 10, 1996||Open|
||China||August 2, 1996||Closed March 28, 2004|
||China||September 2, 1996||Closed May 18, 2003|
|Key West||United States||September 27, 1996||Open|
|Atlantic City||United States||November 15, 1996||Closed September 30, 2017 as part of the Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Atlantic City improvements plan, to reopen in summer 2018. Restaurant originally opened as part of the Trump Taj Mahal, it remained open (independently operated) after the hotel and casino's closure until current round of construction began as part of conversion with its new owners.|
|Cape Town||South Africa||November 22, 1996||Closed June 17, 2001. Reopened October 11, 2017.|
|Seoul||South Korea||December 2, 1996||Reopened in April 8, 2008 but closed again in April 2009. Reopened in October 21, 2014.|
|Niagara Falls Canada||Canada||December 9, 1996||Open|
||Lebanon||December 19, 1996||Closed September 9, 2013|
||China||May 27, 1997||Closed November 1998|
||Japan||July 1, 1997||Closed December 31, 2010|
|Baltimore||United States||July 4, 1997||Open|
|Yokohama||Japan||July 18, 1997||Open|
||United States||August 13, 1997||Closed March 20, 2010|
||Jordan||August 14, 1997||Closed September 2000|
|Manama||Bahrain||October 4, 1997||Open|
|Barcelona||Spain||November 10, 1997||Open|
|Memphis||United States||November 16, 1997||Relocated two blocks west in 2014|
||United Arab Emirates||December 13, 1997||Closed for relocation March 8, 2009|
|Philadelphia||United States||January 15, 1998||Open|
||Peru||February 20, 1998||Closed December 3, 2001. Relocated on December 2012.|
|Edinburgh||United Kingdom||March 28, 1998||Open|
|Guam||United States/Guam||May 10, 1998||Open|
||Turkey||May 27, 1998||Closed February 8, 2002|
|Lake Tahoe||United States||June 30, 1998||Open|
||United States||July 2, 1998||Closed July 24, 2016|
||United States||July 10, 1998||Closed December 7, 2008|
||United States||July 21, 1998||Closed July 21, 2008|
|Sharm el-Sheikh||Egypt||July 24, 1998||Open|
||United States||July 28, 1998||Closed|
|Saipan||Northern Mariana Islands, United States||August 18, 1998||Open|
|St. Louis||United States||August 24, 1998||Open|
|Denver||United States||November 5, 1998||Open|
||Mexico||November 7, 1998||Closed October 2008|
|Rome||Italy||December 10, 1998||Open|
|Orlando||United States||December 11, 1998||Open|
|Amsterdam||Netherlands||March 20, 1999||Open|
|Indianapolis||United States||April 13, 1999||Open|
||Japan||April 27, 1999||Closed December 31, 2003|
||United States||July 7, 1999||Closed May 9, 2004. Relocated to Hollywood, FL.|
||United States||September 5, 1999||Closed May 20, 2014. Relocated to Pigeon Forge.|
||United Kingdom||April 14, 2000||Closed January 31, 2002|
|Fukuoka||Japan||April 26, 2000||Open (Relocated from Hawks Town Mall to JRJP Hakata Building at JR Hakata Station. Original location closed March 31, 2016. Re-opened April 27, 2016.)|
|Houston||United States||May 21, 2000||Open|
||Brazil||June 27, 2000||Closed for relocation July 25, 2011, Shop located at base of Corcovado currently|
|Manchester||United Kingdom||September 12, 2000||Open|
|Malta||Malta St. Julian's||November 25, 2000||Open|
|Osaka Universal||Japan||March 22, 2001||Open|
||Egypt||May 4, 2001||Closed December 31, 2010|
||United Kingdom||May 10, 2001||Closed September 25, 2004|
||New Zealand||May 28, 2001||Closed September 28, 2004|
||Nicaragua||May 2001||Closed December 2001|
|Osaka||Japan||September 14, 2001||Open|
|Bogotá||Colombia||October 1, 2001||Open|
|Pattaya||Thailand||October 15, 2001||Open|
||United Kingdom||November 19, 2001||Closed May 5, 2007|
|Phoenix||United States||February 25, 2002||Open|
||United States||February 27, 2002||Closed January 2, 2006|
|Munich||Germany||February 25, 2002||Open|
|Ueno-Eki||Japan||March 25, 2002||Open|
||United Kingdom||June 5, 2002||Closed November 12, 2007|
|Pittsburgh||United States||June 24, 2002||Open|
|San Francisco||United States||August 26, 2002||Open|
||United States||September 12, 2002||Closed September 30, 2011|
||United Kingdom||December 2, 2002||Closed July 2, 2007|
|Cologne||Germany||April 28, 2003||Open|
|Lisbon||Portugal||June 12, 2003||Open|
|Moscow||Russia||September 17, 2003||Open|
||Panama||September 8, 2004||Open|
||United Kingdom||October 13, 2003||Closed October 12, 2010|
||Bahamas||October 21, 2003||Unauthorized location. Relocated in June 2014.|
|Detroit||United States||November 10, 2003||Open|
|Malta||Malta Airport||February 1, 2004||Open|
||Italy||February 24, 2004||Closed November 2006|
|Hollywood FL||United States||May 11, 2004||Open|
|Louisville||United States||May 31, 2004||Open|
|Dublin||Ireland||June 29, 2004||Open|
||United States||July 2, 2004||Closed June 2014|
|Jakarta||Indonesia||July 2004||Relocation to Pacific Place to commence in April 2013|
|Foxwoods||United States||August 20, 2004||Open|
||Panama||September 8, 2004||Closed September 2013. Re-opened Fall 2016.|
|Athens||Greece||September 14, 2004||Closed in 2014 and relocated in November 2015|
|Hurghada||Egypt||November 12, 2004||Open|
||Kuwait||November 20, 2004||Closed, February 28, 2014|
|Gothenburg||Sweden||December 10, 2004||Open|
|Caracas||Venezuela||May 12, 2005||Open|
|New York||United States||August 12, 2005||Open|
||Spain||December 2, 2005||Closed October 2009|
|Oslo||Norway||December 12, 2005||Open|
||Brazil||December 23, 2005||Closed May 25, 2014|
|Malta||Malta Valletta||March 2, 2006||Open|
|Santo Domingo||Dominican Republic||July 14, 2006||Open|
|Mumbai||India||September 12, 2006||Open|
||Japan||September 15, 2006||Closed August 2012|
||Jamaica||November 22, 2006||Closed February 3, 2011|
|Margarita||Venezuela||November 27, 2006||Open|
|Warsaw||Poland||February 8, 2007||Open|
|Biloxi||United States||July 1, 2007||Open|
|Boston||United States||July 2, 2007||Open|
|Punta Cana||Dominican Republic||July 2, 2007||Open|
|Fiji||Fiji||December 4, 2007||Open|
|Cartagena||Colombia||December 13, 2007||Open|
|Bengaluru||India||December 29, 2007||Open|
||Singapore||January 9, 2008||Closed December 18, 2016|
|Bucharest||Romania||January 20, 2008||Open|
|Mallorca||Spain||November 29, 2008||Open|
|Aruba||Aruba, Netherlands||December 12, 2008||Open|
|Pune||India||January 11, 2009||Open|
|Yankee Stadium||United States||March 30, 2009||Open|
|Prague||Czech Republic||April 3, 2009||Open|
|Venice||Italy||April 9, 2009||Open|
|New Delhi||India||June 4, 2009||Open|
|Dallas||United States||July 15, 2009||Open|
|Las Vegas||United States||September 5, 2009||Open|
|Penang||Malaysia||September 15, 2009||Open|
|Hyderabad||India||September 21, 2009||Open|
|Marbella||Spain||October 30, 2009||Open|
|Phuket||Thailand||November 29, 2009||Open|
|Ho Chi Minh City||Vietnam||December 17, 2009||Open (rights owned by the Highlands Coffee conglomerate)|
|Seattle||United States||February 10, 2010||Open|
|Sentosa||Singapore||April 22, 2010||Open|
|Berlin||Germany||April 26, 2010||Open|
|Kraków||Poland||June 4, 2010||Open|
|Hollywood on Hollywood Blvd||United States||July 19, 2010||Open|
|Medellín||Colombia||September 3, 2010||Open|
|Honolulu||United States||November 22, 2010||Open|
||Greece||December 16, 2010||Closed October 10, 2012|
|Sint Maarten||Netherlands||December 20, 2010||Open|
|Tampa||United States||December 21, 2010||Open|
|Hong Kong at Lan Kwai Fong||China||April 18, 2011||Open|
|Florence||Italy||June 14, 2011||Open|
|Sydney||Australia||July 8, 2011||Open|
||Mexico||August 16, 2011||Closed (Prior to September 2012)|
|Hamburg||Germany||August 17, 2011||Open|
|Dubai||United Arab Emirates||November 18, 2011||Open|
|Sydney||Australia||December 6, 2011||Open|
|Budapest||Hungary||December 14, 2011||Open|
|Macau||China||February 14, 2012||Open|
|New Buffalo, Michigan at Four Winds New Buffalo||United States||July 11, 2012||Open|
|Brussels at Grand Place Brussels||Belgium||July 31, 2012||Open|
||Cyprus||October 14, 2012||Closed May 21, 2013|
|Helsinki||Finland||October 15, 2012||Open|
|Lima||Peru||December 19, 2012||Open|
|Santiago||Chile||December 20, 2012||Open|
|Nabq||Egypt||December 28, 2012||Open|
|New Orleans||United States||December 29, 2012||Open|
|Jakarta||Indonesia||September 16, 2013||Open|
|Malacca City||Malaysia||June 12, 2013||Open|
|Ibiza||Spain||June 4, 2013||Open|
|Mumbai, Andheri West||India||September 1, 2013||Open|
|Nice||France||October 11, 2013||Open|
|Johannesburg||South Africa||November 2013||Open|
|Kota Kinabalu||Malaysia||November 15, 2012||Open|
|San José||Costa Rica||September 21, 2013||Open|
|Guatemala City||Guatemala||January 7, 2013||Open|
|Santa Cruz de la Sierra||Bolivia||February 24, 2014||Open|
|Tenerife||Spain||March 15, 2014||Open|
|Glasgow||United Kingdom||November 16, 2013||Open|
|Northfield Park||United States||December 18, 2013||Open|
|Vienna||Austria||August 8, 2014||Open|
|Gdańsk||Poland||July 6, 2014||Open|
|Anchorage||United States||June 28, 2014||Open|
|Mall of America||United States||August 28, 2014||Open|
|Podgorica||Montenegro||February 8, 2015||Open|
|Busan||South Korea||December 2015||Closed|
||India||December 29, 2013||Closed|
|Daytona Beach||United States||December 2017||Planned|
|Almaty||Kazakhstan||November 5, 2014||Open|
|Gurgaon||India||April 1, 2014||Open|
|Pigeon Forge||United States||May 20, 2014||Open (This is a move from Gatlinburg)|
|Playas del Coco||Costa Rica||June 27, 2015||Open|
||France||November 30, 2014||Closed September 5, 2017|
|Curitiba||Brazil||May 28, 2015||Open|
|Port El Kantaoui||Tunisia||December 2015||Open|
|Porto||Portugal||November 20, 2016||Open|
|Lagos||Nigeria||December 19, 2015||Open|
|Koh Samui||Thailand||May 1, 2016||Open|
|Seville||Spain||May 17, 2016||Open|
|Tampa International Airport||United States||August 6, 2016||Open|
|Ayia Napa||Cyprus||May 29, 2016||Open, Relocated from Nicosia, Cyprus|
|Baku||Azerbaijan||August 28, 2016||Open|
|Hangzhou||China||October 30, 2016||Open|
|Vatican City||Vatican City||November 26, 2016||Open, Actually located in Rome |
|Lyon||France||October 30, 2016||Open|
|Shanghai||China||December 25, 2016||Open|
|Tbilisi||Georgia||June 16, 2016||Open|
|Ulaanbaatar||Mongolia||December 10, 2016||Open|
|Ushuaia||Argentina||December 24, 2016||Open|
|Pretoria||South Africa||November 26, 2016||Open|
|Chiang Mai||Thailand||December 6, 2016||Open|
|Valencia||Spain||May 28, 2017||Open|
|Montego Bay||Jamaica||December 24, 2016||Open|
|Innsbruck||Austria||August 13, 2017||Open|
|La Paz||Bolivia||September 18, 2017||Open|
|Ciudad del Este||Paraguay||2017||Planned|
|Wrocław||Poland||March 1, 2018||Open|
|Andorra la Vella||Andorra||July 25, 2017||Open|
|Montería||Colombia||2018||Planned to open at Fall 2018|
|Houston Airport||United States||July 12, 2017||Open|
|Kolkata||India||December 22, 2017||Open|
|St. Petersburg||Russian Federation||June 13, 2018||Planned before 2018 FIFA World Cup|
- Morrison Hotel
- Planet Hollywood
- Bubba Gump Shrimp Company Restaurant and Market
- Rainforest Cafe
- T-Rex Cafe
- Fashion Cafe
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- Hard Rock Cafe Locations. Retrieved May 10, 2012
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- "Townshend's Gibson Les Paul". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- "Hard Rock Corporate - Hard Rock History".
- "The Hard Rock Vault". LostParks.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- Laura Porter. "The Vault". About.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- "The Hard Rock Hotel & Casino Las Vegas Selects Rainmaker Group Revenue Management". Hospitalitynet. June 22, 2009. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- William Spain (May 6, 2006). "Morgans Hotel Group to buy Vegas Hard Rock for $770 million". The Wall Street Journal. marketwatch.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- Amanda Finnegan (February 6, 2009). "Hard Rock Hotel expansion hits another milestone". Las Vegas Sun. lasvegassun.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- Steve Green (March 2, 2011). "Hard Rock Hotel management group ends its run with resort". Las Vegas Sun. lasvegassun.com. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- "Business Mogul Richard Branson Buys Las Vegas Casino-Hotel". 12 April 2018. Retrieved 18 April 2018.
- Milligan, Michael. "Sol Melia confident that ME brand will stand out from the crowd". Travel Weekly. Retrieved January 22, 2007.
- "Hard Rock International and the Luckie Street Partners Announce Atlanta Hotel Development". Hard Rock Cafe. October 24, 2007. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
- "Contact Us". Hard Rock Cafe. Retrieved March 17, 2012.
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- [>http://www.hardrock.com/cafes/cairo/ "Hard Rock Cafe Cairo - Live Music and Dining in Cairo - Cairo Restaurants"] Check
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- Hard Rock Cafe set to open eighth location in Kolkata|https://www.indiablooms.com/life-details/L/3358/hard-rock-cafe-set-to-open-eighth-location-in-kolkata.html/
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