Harda

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This article is about the municipality in Madhya Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Harda District.
Harda
city
Harda is located in Madhya Pradesh
Harda
Harda
Coordinates: 22°20′N 77°06′E / 22.33°N 77.1°E / 22.33; 77.1Coordinates: 22°20′N 77°06′E / 22.33°N 77.1°E / 22.33; 77.1
Country India
State Madhya Pradesh
District Harda
Elevation 296 m (971 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 74,268
Languages
 • Official English
 • Local Hindi
 • Others Bhuaani Malvi Nimadi Gondi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 07577
Vehicle registration MP 47
Website www.harda.nic.in

Harda is a City and a municipality in Harda district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. Harda is the administrative headquarters of Harda District.

History[edit]

During the Mughal period, Harda was a mahal in the Handia sarkar. In 1742, Marathas led by Peshwa Balaji Baji Rao captured the area, and displaced the Muslim governor of the Handia sarkar. Subsequently, Harda replaced Handia as the most important town in the area, as the local Maratha amil (chief) resided at Harda. Harda was a part of the Scindia's territories. In 1801, Yashwantrao Holkar sacked Harda. Later, Harda also faced attacks from the Pindaris and the Korku tribals.[1]

In 1817, during the Third Anglo-Maratha War, Harda became the headquarters of John Malcolm's division. Even after the Maratha defeat ini the war, the Scindias retained control of the Harda-Handia tract. The area was ceded to the British in 1844, but the cession was completed only in 1860. The town saw disturbances during the 1857 uprising. The Deputy Magistrate, Maulvi Mazhar-ul-Jamil, helped curb the rebellion, and was rewarded with a jagir in the Damoh district. The Harda Nagar Palika was established on 18 May 1867, and the Harda tehsil was created in 1913.[1]

The British tried to bring a progressive frame work to Harda during its rule. Harda was formed by combining Kul Harda and Mehmudabad Villages. After the railway lines were laid the conditions improved, and the area developed. In 1857 British officers worked here as judges and administrative Officers. Harda was one of the largest places in the old 'Madhya Prant' and includes area of 'Siwni Malwa.' The Harda language and culture is influenced by 'Malwa' and 'Nimad'. The main dialect used in Harda is known as Bhuani, and the region is known as the Bhuana area. Bhuana stands for the more fertilized land.

Harda was the headquarters of a tehsil in the Hoshangabad district. The Harda district was created in 1998.[1]

Flora and fauna[edit]

In the southern hill regions of Harda we can find the Tribal, 'Gond' and 'Korku' people. The south region of Harda was under 'Makdae' rule and the 'Gond' king was the ruler. The 'Bihola' village of harda was the developed 'Rajaswa' center in the Mughal empire. The area which was called as 'Gondwana' became non-tribal(it is still tribal because there is a vast tribal population) during the British rule, as the workers, administration officials, farmers and business community was in touch with the states like Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Gujarat for a 150 years the area got influenced by the culture of these states.

Administration[edit]

On 18 May 1867 British established the 'Nagar Palika' in Harda and from 1920 the work was done as per the republic manner. The under ground drainage in Harda is best example of the British architect. For administration purposes Tahsil Harda was established in the year 1913.

Indian independence movement[edit]

In 1916, Lokamanya Tilak visited Harda for an Indian National Congress meet. On 8 December 1933, Mahatma Gandhi visited Harda for the Harijan welfare.

Guru Radha Kishan was born in 1925 in Bid village of Harda district. Madhya Pradesh's Chief Minister Prakash Chandra Sethi once requested him to accept the Freedom Fighter pension which he refused. He did not want to accept any favour for his participation in the freedom struggle of India. On 15 August 1947, S.D.O Shri Beretha hosted the Indian flag on the police station of Harda.

Geography[edit]

Harda is located at 22°20′N 77°06′E / 22.33°N 77.1°E / 22.33; 77.1.[2] It has an average elevation of 296 metres (971 feet).coor title dm|22|20|N|77|06|E|region:IN_type:city

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[3] Harda had a population of 61,712. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 49%. Harda has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 80%, and female literacy is 67%. In Harda, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religion in Harda
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
80%
Muslims
  
13%
Jains
  
5%
Others†
  
1.50%
Christians
  
.50%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (1%), Buddhists (<0.5%).

Temples[edit]

Temples of Harda Gayatri Shakti Peeth:

Mahalaxmi Mandir: at Agrawal Samaj Manglik Bhawan, Near Gayatri mandir, Indore Road, Harda

Sai Mandir: at Indore Road, Near Bansal Petrol Pump, Harda

Shree Gupteshwar Mandir:

Shri Laxmi Narayan Bada Mandir : Magnificently decorated idols of Lord Laxmi Narayan. Shiva Linga is also placed in temple complex. Religious activities are performed, and huge crowds of devotees can be seen during festivals.

Shri Siddhi Vinayak Mandir : This is other temple in the Harda City. Devotees perform cultural activities during ganesh chaturdhi.

Khet Wali Mata Mandir : One of the famous temple in Harda city situated in Maharana Pratap Colony, Having the interesting history that the statue of the Khet wali Mata was revealed from a well of farm (Khet).

Shri Ram Mandir: Golapura Harda

Gosai Mandir: Golapura Harda

Bitthal Mandir: Gadipura Harda

Shri Ram Janki Mandir: Gadipura Harda

Khedapati hanuman Mandir: Khedipura Harda

Places of Interest near Harda[edit]

  • Handia : It is a famous pilgrimage spot and a sacred place situated around 20 km from Harda. The Narmada River flows and consists nabhi kund (centre of river Narmada ). There are also many temples dedicated to lord Shiva, out of which the famous temple built by Pandavas is also situated here. According to myths it was built during the Mahabharat era in a single night (6 months).
  • Nemawar : It is located opposite to Handia. It belongs to Dewas district.
  • Shri Jambheshwar Mandir, Neemgaon (District-Harda) this temple is 8 km from Harda, in the NEEMGAON village famous for 100-year-old temple of shri Guru Jambheshwar. This Mandir was founded in the memories of Guru Jambheshwar also known as Jambhoji, was the founder of the Bishnoi caste. on 7 February 1914.
  • Charuwa : Famous Shiv temple and a small waterfall. It is scenic during monsoons.
  • Sirali : The famous Sai temple is situated in Sirali which is about 35 km away from Harda. The statue of Sai Baba is said to be exact replica of Shirdi Sai Baba. A must place to visit.
  • Salakanpur : Situated about 95 km from Harda, this place is famous for Salkanpur wali Devi ka Mandir, considered as one of the most sacred places for Hindu devotees. This sacred siddhpeeth of Vindhyavasni Beejasan devi (one of the incarnation of the Hindu goddess Durga) is on an 800 foot high hillrock, in the village Salkanpur near Rehti village, 70 km from Bhopal. The deity, Ma Durga Beejasan is held in high esteem by her followers and locals. Thousands of people visit this place every day climbing more than 1000 steps. Every year a grand fair is held in Salkanpur during Navratris. It is a very old temple but at present is being renovated by Salkanpur Trust.

Education[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d District Census Book: Harda (PDF). Directorate of Census Operation, Madhya Pradesh. Retrieved 21 December 2015. 
  2. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Harda". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 2012-05-06. 
  3. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.