The district has an area 2644 km2, and a population 474,174 (2001 census), a 25% increase from 1991. Harda District is bounded by the districts of Sehore to the north, Hoshangabad to the northeast, Betul to the southeast, Khandwa to the south and west, and Dewas to the northwest. Harda District was created in 1998, when it was divided from Hoshangabad District. It is part of the Jabalpur Division of Madhya Pradesh.
Harda lies in the Narmada River valley, and the Narmada forms the district's northern boundary. The land rises towards the Satpura Range to the south. The movie Matrubhoomi, which deals with the consequences of female infanticide, was filmed in the Ranhai Kala of this district.
One of the youngest freedom movement participant from central India Guru Radha Kishan was born in 1925 in BID village of the district. Guru Radha Kishan openly challenged a British Police Official and slapped him in front of a large gathering while the officer started abusing Indians in a freedom movement rally in Indore. A widely respected Swatantrata Sangram Senani known for his integrity, honesty and transparency. He fought valiantly for the economic deprivation for the poor and underprivileged classes of society.
Kamal Patel a former minister of MP is the present MLA.
As of 2011 it is the least populous district of Madhya Pradesh (out of 50).