Hardee County, Florida

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Hardee County
Hardee County Courthouse
Hardee County Courthouse
Official seal of Hardee County
Seal
Map of Florida highlighting Hardee County
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 27°29′N 81°49′W / 27.49°N 81.81°W / 27.49; -81.81
Country United States
State Florida
FoundedApril 23, 1921
Named forCary A. Hardee
SeatWauchula
Largest cityWauchula
Area
 • Total638 sq mi (1,650 km2)
 • Land638 sq mi (1,650 km2)
 • Water0.6 sq mi (2 km2)  0.1%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2019)
26,937
 • Density43/sq mi (17/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district17th
Websitewww.hardeecounty.net

Hardee County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 27,731.[1] Its county seat is Wauchula.[2]

Hardee County comprises the Wauchula, FL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

It was named for Cary A. Hardee, Governor of Florida from 1921 to 1925. Hardee County was created in 1921.

On August 13, 2004, Hurricane Charley went directly through Hardee County. Maximum sustained winds in downtown Wauchula were clocked at 149 mph (240 km/h) with higher gusts. Most buildings in the county sustained damage, and many were totally destroyed.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 638 square miles (1,650 km2), of which 638 square miles (1,650 km2) is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) (%) is water.[3]

Hardee County is located in what is known as the "Bone Valley" which contains most of North America's phosphate deposits and a large portion of the world's deposits. Phosphate is mined in large open pit mines with massive settling ponds that contain many harmful byproducts of the mining process and its disposal and use are restricted thus leaving the settling ponds in place indefinitely and rendering the land unfit for agriculture[citation needed] The Mosaic company currently owns all mining land in Hardee County with around 10,000 acres near Fort Green and is proposing an expansion of around 27,000 acres in a new mine near Ona, FL. There is much controversy over the mining practice, the rezoning and conversion of agricultural land into open pit mines. Land is "reclaimed" after mining but leaves areas of mostly artificially created lakes and wetlands in addition to the slightly poisonous and radioactive settling ponds.[4] The proposed Ona mine[5] would surround Horse Creek, a tributary to the Peace River, thus threatening the very pristine and largely untouched natural waterway as well as the Peace River watershed.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
193010,348
194010,158−1.8%
195010,073−0.8%
196012,37022.8%
197014,88920.4%
198019,37930.2%
199019,4990.6%
200026,93838.2%
201027,7312.9%
Est. 201926,937[6]−2.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2019[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 26,938 people, 8,166 households, and 6,255 families residing in the county. The population density was 42 people per square mile (16/km²). There were 9,820 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 70.66% White, 8.33% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 17.99% from other races, and 1.97% from two or more races. 35.68% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

According to 2005 Census Estimates the county's population was 50.6% non-Hispanic white, 39.8% Latino, 9.0% African-American and 1.3% Native American. (source=https://www.webcitation.org/606449Yjg?url=http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/12/12049.html

In 2000 there were 8,166 households out of which 34.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.40% were non-families. 18.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.06 and the average family size was 3.40.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.60% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 28.30% from 25 to 44, 19.20% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 119.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 123.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,183, and the median income for a family was $32,487. Males had a median income of $23,793 versus $18,823 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,445. About 17.00% of families and 24.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.20% of those under age 18 and 16.10% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Other
2016 68.57% 5,242 28.11% 2,149 3.32% 254
2012 64.83% 4,696 34.00% 2,463 1.17% 85
2008 64.00% 4,763 34.51% 2,568 1.49% 111
2004 69.65% 5,049 29.65% 2,149 0.70% 51
2000 60.38% 3,765 37.56% 2,342 2.07% 129
1996 47.18% 2,928 38.95% 2,417 13.87% 861
1992 45.08% 2,900 31.37% 2,018 23.55% 1,515
1988 66.96% 3,640 31.05% 1,688 1.99% 108
1984 72.06% 3,962 27.94% 1,536
1980 48.82% 2,603 48.74% 2,599 2.44% 130
1976 42.86% 2,189 52.28% 2,670 4.86% 248
1972 84.57% 3,563 15.36% 647 0.07% 3
1968 28.34% 1,278 15.59% 703 56.08% 2,529
1964 54.88% 2,321 45.12% 1,908
1960 52.96% 1,960 47.04% 1,741
1956 45.67% 1,589 54.33% 1,890
1952 46.55% 1,802 53.45% 2,069
1948 24.12% 689 65.49% 1,871 10.40% 297
1944 24.72% 708 75.28% 2,156
1940 21.33% 694 78.67% 2,559
1936 28.27% 844 71.73% 2,142
1932 18.55% 566 81.45% 2,485
1928 70.06% 2,087 27.73% 826 2.22% 66
1924 22.66% 264 68.24% 795 9.10% 106

Libraries[edit]

Hardee County is part of the Heartland Library Cooperative which has 7 branches that serve Hardee County and some of the surrounding counties in the Florida Heartland, including Glades, Highlands, DeSoto, and Okeechobee.

  • Avon Park
  • DeSoto
  • Glades
  • Hardee
  • Lake Placid
  • Okeechobee
  • Sebring

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

Education[edit]

The Hardee County School District has one high school, one junior high, and five elementary schools. Hardee Senior High and Hardee Junior High are in Wauchula. The elementary schools are Bowling Green, Hilltop, North Wauchula, Wauchula, and Zolfo Springs.

South Florida State College is a public college serving Hardee, Highlands and DeSoto Counties. Its Hardee campus is in Bowling Green.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 14, 2014.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "The Clock is Ticking on Florida's Mountains of Hazardous Phosphate Waste". Sarasota Magazine. Retrieved 2018-07-08.
  5. ^ "Ona Project Overview | Mosaic in Hardee". Mosaic in Hardee. Retrieved 2018-07-08.
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-06-15.

External links[edit]

Government links/constitutional offices[edit]

Special districts[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Museum and library resources[edit]

Other resources[edit]

Coordinates: 27°29′N 81°49′W / 27.49°N 81.81°W / 27.49; -81.81