Hardeman County, Texas

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Hardeman County
The Hardeman County Courthouse in Quanah
The Hardeman County Courthouse in Quanah
Map of Texas highlighting Hardeman County
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 34°17′N 99°45′W / 34.29°N 99.75°W / 34.29; -99.75
Country United States
State Texas
Founded1884
SeatQuanah
Largest cityQuanah
Area
 • Total697 sq mi (1,810 km2)
 • Land695 sq mi (1,800 km2)
 • Water1.8 sq mi (5 km2)  0.3%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total3,549
 • Density5.1/sq mi (2.0/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district13th

Hardeman County (/ˈhɑːrdɪmən/ HAR-di-mən) is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2020 census, its population was 3,549.[1] The county seat and largest city is Quanah.[2] The county was created in 1858 and later organized in 1884.[3] It is named for two brothers, Bailey Hardeman and Thomas Jones Hardeman,[4] early Texas politicians and legislators. Hardeman County was one of 46 prohibition or entirely dry counties in the state of Texas until November 2006, when voters approved referendums to permit the legal sale of alcoholic beverages for on- and off-premises consumption.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 697 sq mi (1,810 km2), of which 695 sq mi (1,800 km2) are land and 1.8 sq mi (4.7 km2) (0.3%) are covered by water.[5]

The Prairie Dog Town Fork Red River joins with Buck Creek in the northwestern corner of the county to form the Red River, which flows east to form the northern border of the county, separating it from Oklahoma.[6]

Hardeman County is the northernmost county in Texas that is not part of the Texas Panhandle.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
188050
18903,9047,708.0%
19003,634−6.9%
191011,213208.6%
192012,48711.4%
193014,53216.4%
194011,073−23.8%
195010,212−7.8%
19608,275−19.0%
19706,795−17.9%
19806,368−6.3%
19905,283−17.0%
20004,724−10.6%
20104,139−12.4%
20203,549−14.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1850–2010[8] 2010[9] 2020[10]

2020 census[edit]

Hardeman County, Texas - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / Ethnicity Pop 2010[9] Pop 2020[10] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 2,938 2,441 70.98% 68.78%
Black or African American alone (NH) 217 130 5.24% 3.66%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 15 14 0.36% 0.39%
Asian alone (NH) 12 18 0.29% 0.51%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 1 0.00% 0.03%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 1 7 0.02% 0.20%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH) 67 120 1.62% 3.38%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 889 818 21.48% 23.05%
Total 4,139 3,549 100.00% 100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2000 Census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, 4,724 people, 1,943 households, and 1,319 families were residing in the county. The population density was 7 people per mi2 (3/km2). The 2,358 housing units averaged 3 per mi2 (1/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 85.4% White, 4.8% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 7.1% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. About 14.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 1,943 households, 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.7% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.1% were not families. About 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40, and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county, the population distribution was 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.50% from 18 to 24, 22.60% from 25 to 44, 24.30% from 45 to 64, and 20.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,312, and for a family was $33,325. Males had a median income of $26,683 versus $18,566 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,824. About 14.6% of families and 17.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.0% of those under age 18 and 13.4% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Georgia-Pacific operates a gypsum plant in the small community of Acme, located 6 miles (9.7 km) west of Quanah on U.S. Highway 287.

Attractions[edit]

  • Copper Breaks State Park, which is operated by the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, is located in far southern Hardeman County near the Pease River just off State Highway 6, about 12 miles (19 km) south of Quanah. The park features a portion of the state Texas Longhorn herd.
  • Lake Pauline is located off U.S. Highway 287, 6 miles (9.7 km) east of Quanah.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

  • Goodlett

Ghost towns[edit]

Politics[edit]

Republican Drew Springer, Jr., a businessman from Muenster in Cooke C ounty, has represented Hardeman County in the Texas Senate since 2021, and previously in the Texas House of Representatives from 2013 to 2021. Hardeman County formerly leaned Democratic, however in recent years it has swung to become solidly Republican.

https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hardeman_County,_Texas&action=edit
United States presidential election results for Hardeman County, Texas[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 1,330 84.18% 241 15.25% 9 0.57%
2016 1,207 79.78% 249 16.46% 57 3.77%
2012 1,176 78.66% 302 20.20% 17 1.14%
2008 1,199 75.17% 373 23.39% 23 1.44%
2004 1,214 71.33% 480 28.20% 8 0.47%
2000 976 62.68% 566 36.35% 15 0.96%
1996 610 39.84% 750 48.99% 171 11.17%
1992 614 31.71% 954 49.28% 368 19.01%
1988 855 42.73% 1,143 57.12% 3 0.15%
1984 1,238 56.97% 927 42.66% 8 0.37%
1980 1,056 46.46% 1,174 51.65% 43 1.89%
1976 805 36.18% 1,403 63.06% 17 0.76%
1972 1,357 68.29% 614 30.90% 16 0.81%
1968 873 34.25% 1,145 44.92% 531 20.83%
1964 697 27.53% 1,835 72.47% 0 0.00%
1960 1,472 55.44% 1,182 44.52% 1 0.04%
1956 1,119 46.45% 1,281 53.18% 9 0.37%
1952 1,571 55.69% 1,242 44.03% 8 0.28%
1948 226 11.44% 1,654 83.70% 96 4.86%
1944 223 10.26% 1,756 80.81% 194 8.93%
1940 362 12.86% 2,453 87.14% 0 0.00%
1936 207 9.38% 1,991 90.17% 10 0.45%
1932 145 6.79% 1,985 92.97% 5 0.23%
1928 1,333 59.43% 910 40.57% 0 0.00%
1924 256 18.18% 1,099 78.05% 53 3.76%
1920 252 19.03% 967 73.04% 105 7.93%
1916 94 8.14% 932 80.69% 129 11.17%
1912 36 3.38% 843 79.15% 186 17.46%


Education[edit]

School districts serving sections of the county include:[13]

The county is in the service area of Vernon College.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hardeman County, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Archived from the original on April 12, 2017. Retrieved May 24, 2015.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 149.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2015.
  6. ^ "Secondary Streams of Texas". Texas Almanac. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved May 5, 2015. Red River, Prairie Dog Town Fork
  7. ^ "Census of Population and Housing from 1790-2000". US Census Bureau. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
  8. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 28, 2015.
  9. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Hardeman County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  10. ^ a b "P2 HISPANIC OR LATINO, AND NOT HISPANIC OR LATINO BY RACE - 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) - Hardeman County, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  13. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Hardeman County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2022. - Text list
  14. ^ Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.207. VERNON REGIONAL JUNIOR COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 34°17′N 99°45′W / 34.29°N 99.75°W / 34.29; -99.75