St Botolph's Church
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Postcode district||RH20 1|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
The village is on the line of Stane Street Roman road, which changes direction here, leaving the modern A29 road which has followed it from Capel, to head southwest to Bignor and Chichester. The Sussex Greensand Way from Lewes joined Stane Street here and remains of a Roman way station or mansio have been found.
The paintings date from the early 12th century. They survived due to being covered by plaster until uncovered in 1866.
The painters used colours made from locally available materials — red and yellow ochre, lime white, carbon black, and a green from copper carbonate.
The paintings are in two tiers on each wall and originally had inscriptions describing the scenes above them. One of these can still be seen on the east wall of the nave.
In the late 18th century a canal tunnel was built on the Arun Navigation to avoid a large loop of the River Arun. The railway line from Pulborough to Midhurst passed over the tunnel, and when the canal closed the railway company broke into the tunnel and filled that part of it under the rails with chalk. On 18 October 2019 the tunnel was Grade II listed.
- Roman Britain website Archived 2008-02-01 at the Wayback Machine
- Vincent, Alex (2000). Roman Roads of Sussex. Middleton Press. p. 31. ISBN 1-901706-48-6.
- Anonymous (2007). Hardham: Its History and its Church (Revised ed.). Hardham: Hardham Church.
- Hardham Church; Courtauld Institute of Art (1994). St. Botolph's Church, Hardham, West Sussex: The Wall Paintings. Hardham: Hardham Church.
- Page, William H, ed. (1973). A History of the county of Sussex, Volume 2. Victoria County History. pp. 74–75.
- Vine, P.A.L. (2000). The Arun Navigation. Images of England. Tempus Publishing Limited. pp. 76–82. ISBN 0-7524-2103-4.
Media related to Hardham at Wikimedia Commons