Hardin County, Tennessee
|Coordinates: 35°12′N 88°11′W / 35.2°N 88.19°W|
|Named for||Joseph Hardin, Sr.|
|• Mayor||Kevin Davis |
|• Total||596 sq mi (1,540 km2)|
|• Land||577 sq mi (1,490 km2)|
|• Water||19 sq mi (50 km2) 3.2%%|
|• Density||45/sq mi (17/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Hardin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2020 census, the population was 26,831. The county seat is Savannah. Hardin County is located north of and along the borders of Mississippi and Alabama. The county was founded in November 1819 and named posthumously for Col. Joseph Hardin, a Revolutionary War soldier and a legislative representative for the Province of North Carolina; the State of Franklin; and the Southwest Territory. Hardin County was the site of the Battle of Shiloh (also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing) during the Civil War.
The Hardin Expedition
Two parties of settlers (totaling 26) struck out from Knoxville, Tennessee in late spring of 1816 bound for the general area which would eventually become Savannah, Tennessee. The first party, traveling by boat, came by way of the Tennessee River, landing in May at "the easteward curve of the Tennessee" [sic] at Cerro Gordo.
The second, and larger, party had traversed overland and encountered several delays. Upon the arrival of the second group, the parties finally rejoined at Johnson Creek, near present day Savannah.[Notes 1] It was now July, and the pioneers set about the laying down of the first permanent settlement by non-Native Americans in the area.
This second party was led by Joseph Hardin, Jr., son of Col. Joseph Hardin who had, before his death, accumulated several land grants to the area as rewards for his Revolutionary War service. Joseph, Jr. was accompanied on the trip by his brother, James Hardin. James was the founder of what would become the first county seat, Hardinville. The settlement was created in 1817 on nearby Hardin’s Creek —on the site of what was later renamed Old Town, Tennessee. Both men executed land grants in the area. They had fought alongside their father in the war and had been likewise rewarded with their own land patents, as well as inheriting some of their father's unclaimed grants.
Other settlers in the expedition continued further downriver, establishing another community at Saltillo, in 1817.
For eleven days after its initial establishment (in November 1819), the boundaries of Hardin County reached from Wayne County west to the Mississippi River. The establishment of then neighboring Shelby County and others continued to diminish the size of Hardin until it reached its present boundaries. The county was named for Revolutionary War veteran, Joseph Hardin, a former colonial assemblyman for the Province of North Carolina, Speaker of the House for the unrecognized State of Franklin and a territorial legislator of the Southwest Territory.
Civil War and Battle of Shiloh
Like several other counties along the Tennessee River, Hardin County was largely pro-Union during the Civil War, contrary to the generally pro-Confederate sympathies of West and Middle Tennessee. In Tennessee's Ordinance of Secession referendum on June 8, 1861, Hardin County voted to remain in the Union by a margin of 1,051 to 498, being one of only eight counties in West or Middle Tennessee to support the Union. Earlier on February 9, 1861, Hardin County voters had voted against holding a secession convention by a margin of 791 to 395.
Hardin County was the site of the 1862 Battle of Shiloh (also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing) during the Civil War. The battleground is several miles south of Savannah, and extends into Tishomingo County, Mississippi.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 596 square miles (1,540 km2), of which 577 square miles (1,490 km2) is land and 19 square miles (49 km2) (3.2%) is water.
Hardin County is located in western southern Tennessee (although part of the county is east of the Tennessee River, the county is considered part of the "Grand Division" of West Tennessee). The county is divided into two nearly equal divisions by the Tennessee River, which enters about midway on the south side and passes out near the northeast corner, flowing northwards. The length of the county from north to south is about 30 miles, and its greatest width, from east to west, about 21.
- Decatur County (north)
- Wayne County (east)
- Lauderdale County, Alabama (southeast)
- Tishomingo County, Mississippi (south)
- Alcorn County, Mississippi (southwest)
- McNairy County (west)
- Chester County (northwest)
- Henderson County (north)
National protected area
State protected areas
- Dry Creek Wildlife Management Area
- Pickwick Landing State Park
- Walker Branch State Natural Area
- White Oak Wildlife Management Area
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (non-Hispanic)||805||3.0%|
|Hispanic or Latino||565||2.11%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 26,831 people, 10,137 households, and 7,203 families residing in the county.
At the 2000 census there were 25,578 people, 10,426 households, and 7,444 families in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km²). There were 12,807 housing units at an average density of 22 per square mile (9/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.91% White, 3.69% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.30% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 1.02%. were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 45.1% were of American, 9.8% Irish, 9.7% English and 9.5% German ancestry according to Census 2000.
Of the 10,426 households 29.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.30% were married couples living together, 10.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.60% were non-families. 25.50% of households were one person and 11.80% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.87.
The age distribution was 23.10% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 26.60% from 25 to 44, 26.40% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.20 males.
The median household income was $27,819 and the median family income was $34,157. Males had a median income of $28,357 versus $18,806 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,598. About 14.60% of families and 18.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.80% of those under age 18 and 17.80% of those age 65 or over.
Hardin County is overwhelmingly Republican, and, even before the rapid trend of the upland South away from the Democratic Party, was a Unionist Republican enclave in historically Democratic West Tennessee. This is due to the shallow, humus-poor and easily erodible Highland Rim soils, which were much less suitable for plantation farming than the rest of Middle and West Tennessee. Since the Civil War, only three Democratic Presidential candidates have ever carried Hardin County – Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1936, Jimmy Carter in 1976, and Bill Clinton in 1992 – with only FDR achieving a margin of more than 100 votes.
Hardin County has one community and several city elementary schools, and also has a middle school. The county has one high school, Hardin County High School, whose sports teams are nicknamed "The Tigers". The Savannah-Hardin County Center, a branch campus of Jackson State Community College, has operated in the City of Savannah, offering an Associate of Science degree in General Studies, since 1998. The University of Memphis has occasionally offered classes at the Center in the past, but there were no classes scheduled there in the summer or fall of 2009. There is also the Tennessee Technology Center at Crump.
Hardin County Schools
- Hardin County High School
- Hardin County Middle School
- Hardin County East Elementary School
- Hardin County West Elementary School
- Savannah North Elementary School
- Pickwick Southside Elementary School
- Parris South Elementary School
- Savannah Christian Academy
Hardin County maintains its own Level 4 Trauma Center out of Hardin Medical Center in Savannah. Emergency medical services to Savannah and the surrounding county are provided by a paid 24/7 ambulance service based out of this hospital. Fire protection to the city of Savannah is provided by a 24-hour paid Fire Department based out of two stations, with five pieces of apparatus. The County of Hardin is protected by a combination of paid and volunteer Firefighter/First-Responder and Firefighter/EMT-IV level engine companies, based out of 15 Fire Districts and with approximately 60 pieces of apparatus. The county also maintains a disaster/mass casualty team and a HAZMAT Team.
- Adamsville (partial)
- Milledgeville (partial)
Other unincorporated communities
- Big Ivy
- Caney Hollow
- Cerro Gordo
- Childers Hill
- Hookers Bend
- Morris Chapel
- Oak Grove
- Pickwick Dam
- Pittsburg Landing
- Red Sulphur Springs
- Shady Grove
- Thompson Crossroads
- Winn Springs
- ^ Three early surveys were made of vast tracts of land lying on the east bank of the Tennessee River, in and near the present site of Savannah, in what is now Hardin County. One of these was in behalf of Colonel Joseph Hardin (Sr) for 3,000 acres
- ^ James B. Phillips, "Hardin County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 16 October 2013.
- ^ Official Hardin County Government website
- ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
- ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- ^ a b c "Tennessee Genealogy". Retrieved April 30, 2011.
- ^ Brazelton, B.G. (2008) [1885; Cumberland Presbyterian Publishing House, Nashville, TN]. A History of Hardin County, Tennessee. Kissinger. ISBN 978-1-4374-5605-9.
- ^ a b North Carolina State (April 5, 1784). Land Warrants of North Carolina State, North Carolina Grants and North Carolina Military Grants, 1788-1903. Tennessee State History Library; Nashville, TN.; no. 317- 400 acres (1.6 km2) ("withdrawn"), 318- 600 acres (2.4 km2), 445- 800 acres (3.2 km2), 670- 1,000 acres (4.0 km2), 924- 200 acres (0.81 km2), 1619- 3,000 acres (12 km2), 2118- 1,000 acres (4.0 km2), 2119- 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) and 2129- 500 acres (2.0 km2)
- ^ a b "The Tennessee on-line encyclopedia". Archived from the original on June 10, 2007. Retrieved April 30, 2011.
- ^ North Carolina State (May 10, 1784). Land Warrants of North Carolina State, North Carolina Grants and North Carolina Military Grants, 1788-1903. Tennessee State History Library; Nashville, TN.; entry No. 2128; 1,000 acres (4.0 km2)
- ^ Goodspeed (1886). History of Tennessee: From the Earliest Time to the Present; Together with an Historical and a Biographical Sketch of Henderson, Chester, McNairy, Decatur, and Hardin Counties. Goodspeed Publishing Company; Nashville, TN. ISBN 978-0-89308-098-3. pp. 829-841
- ^ "Tennessee Secession Referendum, 1861". Vote Archive.
- ^ "Tennessee Vote on Secession Convention, 1861". Fayetteville Observer. March 21, 1861.
- ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
- ^ Brazelton, B.G. (1885). A History of Hardin County, Tennessee (re-print: Kissinger, 2008). Cumberland Presbyterian Publishing House; Nashville, TN. ISBN 1-4374-5605-7.
- ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
- ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
- ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
- ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on October 9, 2022. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
- ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved July 20, 2019.
- ^ Based on 2000 census data
- ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 8, 2021.
- ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
- ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
- ^ Wright, John K.; ‘Voting Habits in the United States: A Note on Two Maps’; Geographical Review, vol. 22, no. 4 (October 1932), pp. 666-672
- ^ JSCC Savannah-Hardin County Center
- ^ University of Memphis - Extended Programs: Off-Campus Classes - West Tennessee Archived 2009-12-14 at the Wayback Machine accessed 11-03-2009
- Hardin County, Tennessee: A Pictorial History. Nashville: Turner Publishing (1994). ISBN 1-56311-163-2
- Brazelton, B.G. A History of Hardin County, Tennessee. Charleston: Bibliolife (2008). ISBN 0-559-89017-6
- Hays, Tony. On the banks of the river: A history of Hardin County, Tennessee. Savannah: Tennessee River Museum (1996). ISBN 0-9654267-0-X
- Hardin County Guide
- Hardin County, TNGenWeb - free genealogy resources for the county
- America/United States/Tennessee/Counties/Hardin/ Hardin County at Curlie