Harding County, South Dakota

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Harding County, South Dakota
Golden Valley Norwegian Lutheran Church.JPG
Map of South Dakota highlighting Harding County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded1881 (created)
1898 (dissolved)
1908 (re-created w revised shape)
1909 (organized)
Named forJ. A. Harding
SeatBuffalo
Largest townBuffalo
Area
 • Total2,678 sq mi (6,936 km2)
 • Land2,671 sq mi (6,918 km2)
 • Water6.5 sq mi (17 km2), 0.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)1,242
 • Density0.46/sq mi (0.18/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneMountain: UTC−7/−6
Websitewww.hardingcountysd.com

Harding County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 1,255,[1] making it the second-least populous county in South Dakota. Its county seat is Buffalo.[2]

Harding County was established as a county in the Dakota Territory on 5 March 1881, but was not organized at that time. Its name recognized J. A. Harding, who had been Speaker of the House of Dakota Territory.[3] Its boundaries were altered in 1883, in 1889, and in 1894. On 8 November 1898, Harding County was dissolved and its territory assigned to Butte County. However, on 3 November 1908, it was again created (with altered boundaries) from Butte County's area, and on 17 February 1909 its governing organization was completed.[4]

Custer National Forest has its South Dakota portion in Harding County, and South Dakota State University operates the Antelope Range and Livestock Research Station about 14 miles (23 km) east of Buffalo.

Geography[edit]

Harding County lies at the NW corner of South Dakota. Its western boundary line abuts the east boundary line of the state of Montana, and its north boundary line abuts the south boundary line of the state of North Dakota.[5] Its terrain consists of high hills, generally sloping to the east. Its highest point is a ridge that runs NW-SE near the county's SW corner, at 3,366' (1026m) ASL.[6]

Harding County has a total area of 2,678 square miles (6,940 km2), of which 2,671 square miles (6,920 km2) is land and 6.5 square miles (17 km2) (0.2%) is water.[7] It is the fourth-largest county in South Dakota by area.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[5][edit]

  • Custer National Forest (partial)
  • Gardner Lake State Game Production Area
  • Mallula State Game Production Area
  • State Experiment Farm and Antelope Reserve

Lakes[5][edit]

  • Lake Gardner
  • Leger Dam

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19104,228
19203,953−6.5%
19303,589−9.2%
19403,010−16.1%
19502,289−24.0%
19602,3713.6%
19701,855−21.8%
19801,700−8.4%
19901,669−1.8%
20001,353−18.9%
20101,255−7.2%
Est. 20181,249[8]−0.5%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[13] there were 1,353 people, 525 households, and 352 families in the county. The population density was 0.5 people per square mile (0.2/km²). There were 804 housing units at an average density of 0.3 per square mile (0.1/km²). The racial makeup of the county, as defined by the US Census was 97.63% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 0.74% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.37% from other races, and 0.37% from two or more races. 1.63% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 25.9% were of German, 24.3% Norwegian, 12.8% American, 7.1% Irish and 6.6% English ancestry.

There were 525 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.5% were married couples living together, 5.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.19.

The county population contained 32.5% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 104.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.0 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $25,000, and the median income for a family was $31,667. Males had a median income of $25,556 versus $16,375 for females. The per capita income for the county was $12,794. About 19.40% of families and 21.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.80% of those under age 18 and 22.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 1,255 people, 539 households, and 348 families in the county.[14] The population density was 0.5 inhabitants per square mile (0.19/km2). There were 731 housing units at an average density of 0.27 per square mile (0.10/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 95.9% white, 1.5% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.1% Asian, 0.7% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.6% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 41.4% were Norwegian, 31.8% were German, 18.4% were Irish, 13.2% were English, and 2.6% were American.[16]

Of the 539 households, 26.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.5% were married couples living together, 4.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families, and 32.1% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.87. The median age was 43.3 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $34,792 and the median income for a family was $46,111. Males had a median income of $38,929 versus $20,924 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,004. About 13.7% of families and 16.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.5% of those under age 18 and 16.9% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Politics[edit]

Harding is a heavily Republican county in Presidential and Congressional elections. The last Democrat to win a majority in the county was Franklin D. Roosevelt in his 46-state 1936 landslide. Jimmy Carter in 1976 almost carried the county, but since then the solitary Democrat to top 22 percent of Harding County’s ballots has been Michael Dukakis in the drought-influenced 1988 election – and none of the last seven Democratic Presidential candidates have topped so much as twenty percent. In 2008, Republican John McCain won 78% of the county’s vote, while in 2012 Mitt Romney won 86% of the vote, and Donald Trump in 2016 won 90%, his strongest showing in South Dakota,[citation needed] with Hillary Clinton narrowly securing second place from Gary Johnson.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 90.3% 695 4.9% 38 4.8% 37
2012 86.3% 638 11.1% 82 2.6% 19
2008 78.3% 575 18.4% 135 3.3% 24
2004 86.4% 704 11.5% 94 2.1% 17
2000 88.9% 650 8.8% 64 2.3% 17
1996 68.4% 537 19.2% 151 12.4% 97
1992 58.5% 515 15.8% 139 25.8% 227
1988 70.3% 633 28.8% 259 0.9% 8
1984 79.3% 723 20.4% 186 0.3% 3
1980 74.6% 727 21.1% 205 4.3% 42
1976 49.7% 470 48.6% 459 1.7% 16
1972 71.6% 637 28.4% 253
1968 63.0% 564 29.7% 266 7.3% 65
1964 50.1% 489 49.9% 487
1960 63.9% 676 36.1% 382
1956 63.4% 650 36.7% 376
1952 73.4% 809 26.7% 294
1948 50.9% 529 46.1% 479 3.1% 32
1944 52.8% 552 47.2% 493
1940 53.0% 755 47.0% 670
1936 37.9% 524 59.3% 819 2.8% 39
1932 43.3% 625 49.5% 715 7.2% 104
1928 72.8% 1,032 26.0% 368 1.3% 18
1924 62.1% 702 9.5% 107 28.5% 322
1920 58.4% 648 19.2% 213 22.4% 248
1916 41.6% 520 47.7% 597 10.7% 134
1912 29.5% 325 70.5% 777

In the South Dakota Senate Harding is part of the 28th Senate district, which is held by Republican Betty Olson. In the State House Harding is part of district 28B, which is held by Republican J. Sam Marty.

Communities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[5][edit]

Ghost Towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ Joseph Nathan Kane, The American Counties (4th Ed.), (The Scarecrow Press, 1983), pp. 148, 479
  4. ^ Individual County Chronologies/Harding County (Newberry Library) accessed 3 February 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d Harding County SD Google Maps (accessed 3 February 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 3 February 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 26, 2015.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 14 May 2011.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 13 April 2018.

Coordinates: 45°35′N 103°30′W / 45.59°N 103.50°W / 45.59; -103.50