Harding Township, New Jersey

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Harding Township, New Jersey
Township of Harding
The Wick House in Harding Township
The Wick House in Harding Township
Location in Morris County and the state of New Jersey.
Location in Morris County and the state of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Harding Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Harding Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°44′16″N 74°29′43″W / 40.737825°N 74.495335°W / 40.737825; -74.495335Coordinates: 40°44′16″N 74°29′43″W / 40.737825°N 74.495335°W / 40.737825; -74.495335[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Morris
IncorporatedSeptember 1, 1922
Named forWarren G. Harding
Government
 • TypeTownship
 • BodyTownship Committee
 • MayorChristopher M. Yates (R, term ends December 31, 2020)[3]
 • AdministratorRobert Falzarano[4]
 • Municipal clerkLisa A. Sharp[5]
Area
 • Total20.57 sq mi (53.28 km2)
 • Land20.05 sq mi (51.94 km2)
 • Water0.52 sq mi (1.34 km2)  2.51%
Area rank140th of 565 in state
9th of 39 in county[1]
Elevation367 ft (112 m)
Population
 • Total3,838
 • Estimate 
(2019)[11]
3,760
 • Rank421st of 566 in state
34th of 39 in county[12]
 • Density192.7/sq mi (74.4/km2)
 • Density rank509th of 566 in state
39th of 39 in county[12]
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
ZIP Code
Area code(s)973[15]
FIPS code3402729700[1][16][17]
GNIS feature ID0882195[1][18]
Websitewww.hardingnj.org

Harding Township is a township in Morris County, New Jersey, United States. It is located in the Raritan Valley region within the New York Metropolitan area. The township was formed as a township by an act of the New Jersey Legislature on September 1, 1922, from portions of Passaic Township (now known as Long Hill Township), based on the results of a referendum passed on May 9, 1922.[19][20][21]

The long-established hamlets of New Vernon and Green Village (also within Chatham Township) are both located in Harding Township. The township is home to the private club community Mount Kemble Lake, a former summer colony developed in the 1920s.[22][23]

Described by The New York Times in 1973 as "one of the most restrictive and elegant of New Jersey's residential suburban areas"[24] and in 1998 as an "affluent Morris County township",[25] the community has been one of the state's highest-income municipalities. Harding Township had a per capita income of $109,472 and was ranked first in New Jersey based on data from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey from the United States Census Bureau, more than triple the statewide average of $34,858.[26] Based on data from the ACS for 2014–2018, Harding Township ranked sixth in the state with a median household income of $183,587 and had almost half of households earning more than $200 thousand annually.[27]

The 07976 ZIP Code for New Vernon was named one of the "25 Richest ZIP Codes" in the United States by Forbes magazine in 2006.[28] Many relatively unchanged large country estates that have been passed down through several generations attest to the wealth of many of its residents. Some have been listed on the National Register of Historic Places and some have nonprofit support organizations that assure the retention of the original nature of the properties.[29]

History[edit]

After the retreat of the Wisconsin Glacier, a mighty glacial lake called Glacial Lake Passaic formed in this area that, about 15,000 to 11,000 years ago, extended for 30 miles (48 km) in length and was 10 miles (16 km) wide. The lake finally drained when a blockage of the Passaic River reopened. The Great Swamp is the remnant of the lake bottom and portions of the swamp lay in what now is the township. Once the lake drained, higher areas became a wooded area that was used for hunting, fishing, and farming by Native Americans. At the time of colonization by the Dutch it belonged to the Lenape tribes, but British colonists did their best to displace them westward.

Much of what now is known as Harding was an agricultural community with roots stretching as far back as the early 18th century. Bypassed by colonial turnpikes, revolution era canals, and railroads laid in the Victorian era, the area remained a rural backwater. For almost two centuries of European occupation, its open and rolling landscapes reflected its agricultural use, as land had been cleared for cattle pastures, orchards, and fields of grain.[30] The Great Swamp, the wooded slopes of the Watchung Mountains, and those near Jockey Hollow also were used by local farmers for wood supply. The communities of Green Village, Logansville, New Vernon, and Pleasantville were the village centers in this agricultural community.

Wealthy urban residents from Manhattan and Newark bought farmland, enlarged old farmhouses, and landscaped the grounds. The movement to establish Harding Township was driven by local property owners who wanted to maintain a bucolic community without suburban development.

The township was created in 1922 from the northern half of what was then Passaic Township (present day Long Hill Township) and it was named after the incumbent President of the United States, Warren G. Harding.[31][32]

The New Vernon Neighborhood Restrictive Agreement was established in 1928 by estate owners under which they agreed to voluntarily place restrictive covenants on their land that would require future owners of the properties to maintain the rural nature of the area.[33] This voluntary effort to limit development and save the pastoral qualities of over 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) across Harding Township influenced subsequent zoning codes, which emerged several decades later, and helped preserve the landscape to the present day.[30]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 20.57 square miles (53.28 km2), including 20.05 square miles (51.94 km2) of land and 0.52 square miles (1.34 km2) of water (2.51%).[1][2] The township includes unincorporated communities, a portion of Green Village and all of New Vernon, both of which have origins as colonial settlements that predate the American Revolution. The governmental offices for the township are in New Vernon.

Other unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Baileys Mill, Dickson Mill, Glen Alpin, Jockey Hollow Park, Logansville, Mount Kemble Lake, Olmstead Mills, Osborn Mill, Pleasantville, Sugar Loaf and Van Dorens Mill.[34]

The township borders Mendham Township to the west, Chatham Township to the east, Morris Township to the north, and Long Hill Township to the southeast in Morris County and Bernardsville to the southwest and Bernards Township to the south in Somerset County.[35][36][37]

Demographics[edit]

Population[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, the population of the township was 3,838,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 658 (+20.7%) from the 3,180 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 460 (-12.6%) from the 3,640 counted in the 1990 Census.[38]

Historical population
Census Pop.
19301,206
19401,56529.8%
19501,97025.9%
19602,68336.2%
19703,24921.1%
19803,236−0.4%
19903,64012.5%
20003,180−12.6%
20103,83820.7%
2019 (est.)3,760[11][39]−2.0%
Population sources:
1930[40] 1930-1990[41]
2000[42][43] 2010[8][9][10]

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census counted 3,838 people, 1,474 households, and 1,126 families in the township. The population density was 192.7 per square mile (74.4/km2). There were 1,610 housing units at an average density of 80.8 per square mile (31.2/km2). The racial makeup was 94.14% (3,613) White, 0.99% (38) Black or African American, 0.13% (5) Native American, 2.66% (102) Asian, 0.00% (0) Pacific Islander, 0.34% (13) from other races, and 1.75% (67) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.49% (134) of the population.[8]

Of the 1,474 households, 31.2% had children under the age of 18; 68.7% were married couples living together; 5.7% had a female householder with no husband present and 23.6% were non-families. Of all households, 20.6% were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.00.[8]

24.0% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 14.5% from 25 to 44, 35.8% from 45 to 64, and 21.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48.9 years. For every 100 females, the population had 93.7 males. For every 100 females ages 18 and older there were 93.1 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $168,365 (with a margin of error of +/- $37,371) and the median family income was $185,647 (+/- $30,739). Males had a median income of $123,854 (+/- $38,454) versus $66,131 (+/- $25,727) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $109,472 (+/- $24,951). About 6.8% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.5% of those under age 18 and 3.3% of those age 65 or over.[44]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 3,180 people, 1,180 households, and 940 families residing in the township. The population density was 155.6 people per square mile (60.1/km2). There were 1,243 housing units at an average density of 60.8 per square mile (23.5/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 97.20% White, 0.41% African American, 1.07% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 1.07% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.79% of the population.[42][43]

There were 1,180 households, out of which 32.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.3% were married couples living together, 5.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 20.3% were non-families. 17.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.03.[42][43]

In the township the population was spread out, with 25.2% under the age of 18, 3.6% from 18 to 24, 21.9% from 25 to 44, 32.9% from 45 to 64, and 16.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.9 males.[42][43]

The median income for a household in the township was $111,297, and the median income for a family was $128,719. Males had a median income of $95,737 versus $57,308 for females. The per capita income for the township was $72,689. None of the families and 1.1% of the population were living below the poverty line, including none under eighteen and 3.3% of those over 64.[42][43]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Harding Township is governed under the Township form of New Jersey municipal government, one of 141 municipalities (of the 565 statewide that use this form, the second-most commonly used form of government in the state.[45] The Township Committee is comprised of five members, who are elected directly by the voters at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election in a three-year cycle.[6][46] At an annual reorganization meeting held during the first week of January, the Township Committee selects one of its members to serve as Mayor and another as Deputy Mayor, each serving terms of one year.[47]

Eleven standing committees are appointed at the reorganization meeting including planning, zoning and legal; finance and insurance; public safety; public works and building; personnel; recreation commission; freeholder liaison; Glen Alpin Steering liaison; school board liaison; open space liaison; and board of health liaison. Two members of the township committee serve on each standing committee and provide oversight to the departments.

As of 2020, members of the Harding Township Committee are Mayor Christopher M. Yates (R, term on committee and as mayor ends December 31, 2020), Deputy Mayor Timothy D. Jones (R, term on committee ends 2021; term as deputy mayor ends 2020), M. Nanette DiTosto (R, 2021), Devanshu L. Modi (R, 2020) and Nicolas Platt (R, 2022).[47][48]<[49][50][51][52][53]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Harding Township is located in the 11th Congressional District[54] and is part of New Jersey's 27th state legislative district.[9][55][56] Prior to the 2011 reapportionment following the 2010 Census, Harding Township had been in the 21st state legislative district.[57]

For the 116th United States Congress, New Jersey's Eleventh Congressional District is represented by Mikie Sherrill (D, Montclair).[58] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Democrats Cory Booker (Newark, term ends 2021)[59] and Bob Menendez (Paramus, term ends 2025).[60][61]

For the 2018–2019 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 27th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Richard Codey (D, Roseland) and in the General Assembly by Mila Jasey (D, South Orange) and John F. McKeon (D, West Orange).[62][63]

Morris County is governed by a seven-member Board of County Commissioners, who are elected at-large in partisan elections, to three-year terms on a staggered basis, with either one or three seats up for election each year as part of the November general election. The Commissioner Board sets policies for the operation of six super-departments, more than 30 divisions plus authorities, commissions, boards and study committees.[64] Actual day-to-day operation of departments is supervised by County Administrator, John Bonanni.[65] As of 2021, Morris County's Commissioners are Commissioner Director Stephen H. Shaw (R, Mountain Lakes, 2021),[66] Commissioner Deputy Director Deborah Smith (R, Denville, 2021),[67] John Krickus (R, Washington Township, 2021),[68] Douglas Cabana (R, Boonton Township, 2022),[69] Kathryn A. DeFillippo (R, Roxbury, 2022),[70] Thomas J. Mastrangelo (R, Montville, 2022),[71] and Tayfun Selen (R, Chatham Township, 2023).[72] [73]

Tayfun Selen was elected by a county Republican convention to the vacant seat of Heather Darling, who was elected Morris County Surrogate in 2019.[74] He served the remainder of her term which ended in 2020 and was elected to a full three-year term in the November general election that year.[75]

Pursuant to Article VII Section II of the New Jersey State Constitution, each county in New Jersey is required to have three elected administrative officials known as "constitutional officers." These officers are the County Clerk and County Surrogate (both elected for five-year terms of office) and the County Sheriff (elected for a three-year term).[76] As of 2021, they are County Clerk Ann F. Grossi (R, Parsippany, 2023),[77] Sheriff James M. Gannon (R, Boonton Township, 2022)[78] and Surrogate Heather Darling (R, Roxbury, 2024).[79]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 3,025 registered voters in Harding Township, of which 466 (15.4%) were registered as Democrats, 1,443 (47.7%) were registered as Republicans and 1,115 (36.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There was one voter registered to another party.[80]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 70.4% of the vote (1,607 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 28.6% (654 votes), and other candidates with 1.0% (22 votes), among the 2,295 ballots cast by the township's 3,195 registered voters (12 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 71.8%.[81][82] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 61.9% of the vote (1,516 cast), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 36.7% (898 votes) and other candidates with 0.9% (23 votes), among the 2,449 ballots cast by the township's 3,139 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.0%.[83] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 66.8% of the vote (1,618 ballots cast), outpolling Democrat John Kerry with 32.1% (778 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (20 votes), among the 2,421 ballots cast by the township's 3,040 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 79.6.[84]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 82.0% of the vote (1,193 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 16.6% (242 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (19 votes), among the 1,476 ballots cast by the township's 3,200 registered voters (22 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 46.1%.[85][86] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 68.4% of the vote (1,280 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 20.5% (384 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 10.5% (197 votes) and other candidates with 0.3% (5 votes), among the 1,871 ballots cast by the township's 3,099 registered voters, yielding a 60.4% turnout.[87]

Education[edit]

The Harding Township School District serves public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade at Harding Township School.[88] As of the 2018–19 school year, the district, comprised of one school, had an enrollment of 283 students and 38.4 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 7.4:1.[89]

For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students attend Madison High School in Madison, as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Madison Public Schools.[90][91] As of the 2018–19 school year, the high school had an enrollment of 879 students and 69.6 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.6:1.[92]

Transportation[edit]

I-287 northbound in Harding Township

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 47.82 miles (76.96 km) of roadways, of which 26.48 miles (42.62 km) were maintained by the municipality, 14.69 miles (23.64 km) by Morris County and 6.65 miles (10.70 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[93]

Interstate 287 is the most prominent highway within Harding Township, though there are no exits within the township. The nearest exits, 30 and 33, are both just outside the township in neighboring Bernards Township and Morris Township, respectively. U.S. Route 202 is the main highway providing local access to Harding Township.

Public transportation[edit]

Many Harding residents commute to jobs in Manhattan. There are private van shuttles that make the 45-minute trip to Jersey City or Hoboken, where ferries and PATH make the short journey across the Hudson River to Lower Manhattan. Additionally, many residents use the Madison and other nearby train stations to commute to Midtown Manhattan.[94]

NJ Transit had provided local bus service on the MCM8 route until 2010, when subsidies were eliminated to the local service provider as part of budget cuts.[95][96][97]

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Harding Township include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f 2019 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 1, 2020.
  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ 2020 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed February 1, 2020.
  4. ^ Administration, Harding Township. Accessed February 23, 2020.
  5. ^ Clerk, Harding Township. Accessed February 23, 2020.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 95.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Harding, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
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  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Sorted by 2011-2020 Legislative District, New Jersey Department of State. Accessed February 1, 2020.
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  25. ^ Garbarine, Rachelle. "In the Region/New Jersey; A Patient Family Becomes a Careful Developer", The New York Times, April 5, 1998. Accessed October 7, 2020. "The broad swath of meadows, hayfields and thick woods is among the last large estates and working farms in this affluent Morris County township."
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  70. ^ Kathryn A. DeFillippo, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2021.
  71. ^ Thomas J. Mastrangelo, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2021.
  72. ^ Tayfun Selen, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2021.
  73. ^ Commissioners, Morris County, New Jersey. Accessed January 15, 2021.
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  110. ^ Staff. "Sports People: Tennis; Gimelstob Takes Shot at the Pros", The New York Times, May 16, 1996. Accessed June 23, 2015. "The first pro tournament for the 19-year-old U.C.L.A. sophomore from Harding Township, N.J., will be the Stella Artois Grass Court Championships in London in June."
  111. ^ Goldstein, Richard. "Barry Halper, Baseball Memorabilia Collector, Dies at 66", The New York Times, December 20, 2005. Accessed December 2, 2019. "Barry Halper, who began collecting autographs as an 8-year-old hanging around the Yankees' minor league ballpark in Newark and went on to assemble the nation's most acclaimed private collection of baseball memorabilia, died Sunday at a hospital in Livingston, N.J. Mr. Halper, who lived in New Vernon, N.J., was 66."
  112. ^ Board of Trustees, The Land Conservancy of New Jersey, backed up by the Internet Archive as of August 27, 2011. Accessed September 8, 2015. "Kerry Kittles is a retired professional basketball player with the New Jersey Nets.... Kerry lives in Harding Township with his wife, Adria and their three daughters."
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  114. ^ Staff. "Two BYU Alumni Win Dissertation Awards" Archived 2008-02-12 at the Wayback Machine, Marriott Alumni Magazine, Winter 2008. Accessed November 23, 2008. "In addition, Oates leads community initiatives such as the New Jersey Hall of Fame and the Teach Our Children Foundation, an organization committed to educating inner-city children. He and his wife, Michelle, have three children and live in Harding, New Jersey."
  115. ^ Staff. "Joseph Sullivan, 63; Led Turnpike Unit", The New York Times, March 16, 2000. Accessed December 30, 2017. "Joseph Sullivan, a New Jersey businessman who ran for governor and later served as chairman of the New Jersey Turnpike Authority, died Monday at a hospital in Morristown, N.J. He was 63.... Mr. Sullivan, who lived in New Vernon, N.J., spent $1 million of his own money and came in third in the Republican primary in 1981, behind Thomas Kean, who became governor, and former Paterson Mayor Lawrence Kramer."
  116. ^ Saxon, Jamie. "A Real Life Eloise Calls the Heldrich Hotel Home", Princeton Info, November 12, 2008. Accessed December 2, 2019. "When Kim Clearwater married Jim Weaver, owner and chef of Tre Piani and Tre Bar in 2006 and they started looking for a house together, she was turning the pages of a local newspaper and came upon an interview with Fred Hill, head coach of Rutgers’ basketball.... Weaver’s love of cooking started as a child growing up with two younger sisters in New Vernon in Morris County, in a home designed and built by his father, who ran his own large architectural firm and loved to cook and entertain."

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