Hardware (development cooperation)
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In development cooperation jargon, "hardware" and "software" refer to the different aspects of technology transfer. Whilst the hardware refers to the technology itself, software refers to the skills, knowledge and capacity that need to be built up in order to make the transfer of the technology successful.
A third term, "orgware", is emerging to refer to the capacity building of the different institutional actors involved in the adaptation process of a new technology.
- Hoekman, B. (2002). "Strengthening the Global Trade Architecture for Development". The World Bank and CEPR. CiteSeerX .
- Dobrov, D.M. (1979). "The strategy for organized technology in the light of hard-, soft-, and org-ware interaction". Long Range Planning. 12 (4): 79–90.