Hardyston Township, New Jersey

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Hardyston Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Hardyston
Old Monroe School House
Map of Hardyston Township in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Map of Hardyston Township in Sussex County. Inset: Location of Sussex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Hardyston Township, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Hardyston Township, New Jersey
Coordinates: 41°07′15″N 74°33′52″W / 41.120964°N 74.564328°W / 41.120964; -74.564328Coordinates: 41°07′15″N 74°33′52″W / 41.120964°N 74.564328°W / 41.120964; -74.564328[1][2]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Sussex
Royal charter February 25, 1762
Incorporated February 21, 1798
Named for Josiah Hardy
Government[7]
 • Type Special Charter
 • Body Township Council
 • Mayor Leslie G. Hamilton (R, term ends December 31, 2016)[3][4]
 • Manager Marianne Smith[5]
 • Clerk Jane Bakalarczyk[6]
Area[1]
 • Total 32.638 sq mi (84.531 km2)
 • Land 31.972 sq mi (82.806 km2)
 • Water 0.666 sq mi (1.725 km2)  2.04%
Area rank 73rd of 566 in state
7th of 24 in county[1]
Elevation[8] 1,070 ft (330 m)
Population (2010 Census)[9][10][11]
 • Total 8,213
 • Estimate (2015)[12] 8,030
 • Rank 279th of 566 in state
6th of 24 in county[13]
 • Density 256.9/sq mi (99.2/km2)
 • Density rank 489th of 566 in state
14th of 24 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07419 - Hamburg[14]
07460 - Stockholm[15]
Area code(s) 973[16]
FIPS code 3403729850[1][17][18]
GNIS feature ID 0882269[1][19]
Website www.hardyston.com

Hardyston Township is a township in Sussex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 8,213,[9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 2,042 (+33.1%) from the 6,171 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 896 (+17.0%) from the 5,275 counted in the 1990 Census.[20]

History[edit]

Hardyston Township was set off from portions of Newton Township by Royal charter on February 25, 1762.[21][22] It was named after Josiah Hardy, who was royal governor of New Jersey from 1761–1763.[23][24] The original British spelling of Hardiston was Americanized to Hardyston after the American Revolutionary War.[25]

Hardyston was incorporated on February 21, 1798, by an act of the New Jersey Legislature as one of New Jersey's original group of 104 townships. Over the centuries, portions of the township were taken to form Vernon Township (April 8, 1793), Sparta Township (April 14, 1845), Franklin (March 18, 1913) and Hamburg (March 19, 1920).[21]

Hardyston was serviced first by the New Jersey Midland Railway, which built the station in Stockholm. However, there was a dispute over the name as that area was known as Snufftown because of the snuff factory along the Pequannock River, which provide the water power. Through a series of events between the residents of Stockholm and the railroad, the area eventually changed the name from Snufftown to Stockholm. Later, it was the New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway, who provided service into the early 1960s when a mud slide removed a large section of trackage in West Milford Township and coupled with low productivity, the line was not repaired and service was disconnected. Today, the New York Susquehanna and Western Railway runs freight through Hardyston. The main highways are Route 23 and Route 94.

A large eastern portion of the township is owned by the City of Newark, Essex County, for their Pequannock River Watershed, which provides water to the city from an area of 35,000 acres (14,000 ha) that also includes portions of Jefferson Township, Kinnelon, Rockaway Township, Vernon Township and West Milford.[26][27]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 32.638 square miles (84.531 km2), including 31.972 square miles (82.806 km2) of land and 0.666 square miles (1.725 km2) of water (2.04%).[1][2]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Beaver Lake, Beaver Run, Big Springs, Bradys Pond, Hamburg, Hardistonville, Holland, Lake Stockholm, Monroe, North Church, Rudeville, Rudstown, Silver Lake, Stockholm, Summit Lake and Tamarack Lake.[28]

Postal ZIP codes covering Hardyston Township are 07460 Stockholm, 07416 Franklin Borough, 07419 Hamburg Borough, and a small part of 07848 Lafayette Township.

In terms of physical geography, nearly all of Hardyston (excluding the portion of the township west of Hamburg along Route 94) lies within the New York – New Jersey Highlands, part of the greater Crystalline Appalachians that extend as far south as the Blue Ridge Mountains. Hardyston is home to portions of Hamburg Mountain (east of Franklin) and Pochuck Mountain (near Scenic Lakes) within this region. The remaining northwestern portion of the township lies within the Ridge-and-valley Appalachians. The prominent feature in the ridge-and-valley portion of the Township is the Wallkill Valley, through which the Wallkill River flows northeast to New York state.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 1,702
1820 2,160 26.9%
1830 2,588 19.8%
1840 2,831 9.4%
1850 1,344 * −52.5%
1860 1,712 27.4%
1870 1,668 −2.6%
1880 2,645 58.6%
1890 2,542 −3.9%
1900 3,425 34.7%
1910 5,210 52.1%
1920 1,928 * −63.0%
1930 946 * −50.9%
1940 1,034 9.3%
1950 1,279 23.7%
1960 2,206 72.5%
1970 3,499 58.6%
1980 4,553 30.1%
1990 5,275 15.9%
2000 6,171 17.0%
2010 8,213 33.1%
Est. 2015 8,030 [12][29] −2.2%
Population sources:
1810-1920[30] 1840[31]
1850-1870[32] 1850[33] 1870[34]
1880-1890[35] 1890-1910[36] 1910-1930[37]
1930-1990[38] 2000[39][40] 2010[9][10][11]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[21]

Census 2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census counted 8,213 people, 3,255 households, and 2,376 families residing in the township. The population density was 256.9 per square mile (99.2/km2). The township contained 3,783 housing units at an average density of 118.3 per square mile (45.7/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 91.65% (7,527) White, 2.61% (214) Black or African American, 0.17% (14) Native American, 3.01% (247) Asian, 0.01% (1) Pacific Islander, 1.21% (99) from other races, and 1.35% (111) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 5.56% (457) of the population.[9]

Out of a total of 3,255 households, 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.9% were married couples living together, 9.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.0% were non-families. 22.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.97.[9]

In the township, 21.3% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 32.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.4 years. For every 100 females the census counted 94.5 males, but for 100 females at least 18 years old, it was 93.2 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $81,655 (with a margin of error of +/- $6,575) and the median family income was $93,657 (+/- $14,035). Males had a median income of $70,592 (+/- $9,771) versus $42,899 (+/- $4,944) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $38,383 (+/- $2,894). About 3.5% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.3% of those under age 18 and 10.4% of those age 65 or over.[41]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[17] there were 6,171 people, 2,319 households, and 1,716 families residing in the township. The population density was 192.3 people per square mile (74.2/km2). There were 2,690 housing units at an average density of 83.8 per square mile (32.4/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 95.56% White, 0.84% African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.57% Asian, 0.49% from other races, and 1.38% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.22% of the population.[39][40]

There were 2,319 households out of which 35.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.4% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.0% were non-families. 21.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.66 and the average family size was 3.12.[39][40]

In the township the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 31.9% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.7 males.[39][40]

The median income for a household in the township was $65,511, and the median income for a family was $72,199. Males had a median income of $51,503 versus $32,319 for females. The per capita income for the township was $28,457. About 2.7% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.9% of those under age 18 and 5.6% of those age 65 or over.[39][40]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Hardyston Township operates under a Special Charter granted by the New Jersey Legislature. The government consists of a five-member Township Council elected at-large in partisan elections to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year as part of the November general election. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the first week of January, the council selects a mayor and a deputy mayor from among its members.[7][42]

As of 2016, the members of the Hardyston Township Council are Mayor Leslie Hamilton (R, term on committee ends December 31, 2017; term as mayor ends 2016), Deputy Mayor Stanley J. Kula (R, term on committee ends 2018; term as deputy mayor ends 2016), Frank Cicerale (R, 2017), Carl B. Miller (R, 2018) and Santo Verrilli (R, 2016).[3][43][44][45][46]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Hardyston Township is located in the 5th Congressional District[47] and is part of New Jersey's 24th state legislative district.[10][48][49]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Josh Gottheimer (D, Wyckoff).[50] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[51] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[52][53]

For the 2016–2017 session (Senate, General Assembly), the 24th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Steve Oroho (R, Franklin) and in the General Assembly by Parker Space (R, Wantage Township) and Gail Phoebus (R, Andover Township).[54] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[55] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[56]

Sussex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders whose five members are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with either one or two seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director from among its members, with day-to-day supervision of the operation of the county delegated to a County Administrator.[57] As of 2014, Sussex County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Richard Vohden (R, Green Township, 2016),[58] Deputy Director Dennis J. Mudrick (R, Sparta Township, 2015),[59] Phillip R. Crabb (R, Franklin, 2014),[60] George Graham (R, Stanhope, 2016)[61] and Gail Phoebus (R, Andover Township, 2015).[62][57] Graham was chosen in April 2013 to fill the seat vacated by Parker Space, who had been chosen to fill a vacancy in the New Jersey General Assembly.[63] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Jeff Parrott (R, 2016),[64] Sheriff Michael F. Strada (R, 2016)[65] and Surrogate Gary R. Chiusano (R, filling the vacancy after the resignation of Nancy Fitzgibbons).[66][63] The County Administrator is John Eskilson.[67][68]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 5,487 registered voters in Hardyston Township, of which 870 (15.9% vs. 16.5% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,962 (35.8% vs. 39.3%) were registered as Republicans and 2,652 (48.3% vs. 44.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 3 voters registered to other parties.[69] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 66.8% (vs. 65.8% in Sussex County) were registered to vote, including 84.9% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 86.5% countywide).[69][70]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 2,186 votes (57.8% vs. 59.4% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,531 votes (40.5% vs. 38.2%) and other candidates with 55 votes (1.5% vs. 2.1%), among the 3,782 ballots cast by the township's 5,658 registered voters, for a turnout of 66.8% (vs. 68.3% in Sussex County).[71] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 2,325 votes (57.2% vs. 59.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 1,654 votes (40.7% vs. 38.7%) and other candidates with 65 votes (1.6% vs. 1.5%), among the 4,062 ballots cast by the township's 5,304 registered voters, for a turnout of 76.6% (vs. 76.9% in Sussex County).[72] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 2,194 votes (62.3% vs. 63.9% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 1,279 votes (36.3% vs. 34.4%) and other candidates with 34 votes (1.0% vs. 1.3%), among the 3,522 ballots cast by the township's 4,507 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.1% (vs. 77.7% in the whole county).[73]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 70.6% of the vote (1,565 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 26.3% (583 votes), and other candidates with 3.1% (69 votes), among the 2,227 ballots cast by the township's 5,686 registered voters (10 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 39.2%.[74][75] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 1,637 votes (62.2% vs. 63.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 753 votes (28.6% vs. 25.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 205 votes (7.8% vs. 9.1%) and other candidates with 29 votes (1.1% vs. 1.3%), among the 2,633 ballots cast by the township's 5,287 registered voters, yielding a 49.8% turnout (vs. 52.3% in the county).[76]

Education[edit]

Public school students in pre-kindergarten through eighth grade attend the schools of the Hardyston Township School District. As of the 2012-13 school year, the district's two schools had an enrollment of 758 students and 59.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.85:1.[77] Schools in the district (with 2012-13 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[78]) are Hardyston Township School[79] (grades PreK-5, 518 students) and Hardyston Middle School[80] (grades 6-8, 240 students).[81]

For ninth through twelfth grades, public school students attend Wallkill Valley Regional High School which is also serves Franklin Borough, Hamburg Borough and Ogdensburg Borough, and is part of the Wallkill Valley Regional High School District.[82]

Transportation[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 63.53 miles (102.24 km) of roadways, of which 44.23 miles (71.18 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.71 miles (14.02 km) by Sussex County and 10.59 miles (17.04 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[83]

Wineries[edit]

Cemetery[edit]

The town contains North Church Cemetery / North Hardyston Cemetery. Notable burials there include:

References[edit]

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  2. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  3. ^ a b Township Council, Hardyston Township. Accessed August 2, 2016.
  4. ^ 2016 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed June 14, 2016.
  5. ^ Township Manager, Hardyston Township. Accessed August 2, 2016.
  6. ^ Township Clerk, Hardyston Township. Accessed August 2, 2016.
  7. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 110.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Hardyston, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  9. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Hardyston township, Sussex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 11. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Hardyston township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed October 7, 2012.
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  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Hamburg, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  15. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Stockholm, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed October 7, 2012.
  16. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Hardyston, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed February 4, 2015.
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  25. ^ History of Sussex County, Sussex County Gen Web. Accessed September 30, 2007. "Hardyston is the American spelling of the British Hardiston, which was changed after the American Revolutionary War."
  26. ^ Primerano, Jane. "Newark appealing watershed taxes against Jefferson", AIM Jefferson, May 8, 2015. Accessed July 2, 2015. "Besides West Milford and Jefferson, Newark owns watershed land in Hardyston, Vernon, and Rockaway Townships and Kinnelon Borough, Leach said."
  27. ^ CITY OF NEWARK v. VERNON TP., Leagle from Tax Court of New Jersey, April 1, 1980. Accessed July 2, 2015. "Generally, the lands are part of the 35,000-acre Pequannock Watershed (approximately two times the size of Newark), which was purchased by Newark at the turn of the century to provide a water supply. The watershed, which contains five major bodies of water, is located in Vernon and Hardyston in Sussex County, Jefferson, Rockaway and Kinnelon in Morris County, and West Milford in Passaic County."
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  77. ^ District information for Hardyston Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed February 18, 2015.
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  79. ^ Hardyston Township School, Hardyston Township School District. Accessed February 18, 2015.
  80. ^ Hardyston Middle School, Hardyston Township School District. Accessed February 18, 2015.
  81. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Hardyston Township School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed December 29, 2016.
  82. ^ Home page, Wallkill Valley Regional High School. Accessed February 18, 2015. "We proudly serve the districts of: Franklin | Hamburg | Hardyston | Ogdensburg"
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  87. ^ John Linn, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 12, 2007.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]