|Crystal class||Scalenohedral (42m)
H-M symbol: (4 2m)
|Unit cell||a = 7.8287(16) Å
c = 5.0140(2) Å; Z = 2
|Color||light brownish white, pale greyish-white, very pale pink|
|Crystal habit||Massive granular|
|Cleavage|| good,  and  fair|
|Mohs scale hardness||3-4|
|Luster||vitreous, resinous, greasy, dull|
|Diaphaneity||Transparent to translucent|
|Optical properties||Uniaxial (-)|
|Refractive index||nω = 1.672 nε = 1.661|
|Ultraviolet fluorescence||purple to violet blue in short wave ultraviolet light|
|Alters to||hydrothermal alteration to clinohedrite|
Hardystonite is a rare calcium zinc silicate mineral first described from the Franklin, New Jersey, U.S. zinc deposits. It often contains lead, which was detrimental to the zinc smelting process, so it was not a useful ore mineral. Like many of the famous Franklin minerals, hardystonite responds to short wave ultraviolet (254 nm wavelength) light, emitting a fluorescence from dark purple to bright violet blue. In daylight, it is white to gray to light pink in color, sometimes with a vitreous or greasy luster. It is very rarely found as well formed crystals, and these are usually rectangular in appearance and rock-locked.
Hardystonite has a chemical composition of Ca2ZnSi2O7. It is frequently found with willemite (fluoresces green), calcite (fluoresces red), and clinohedrite (fluoresces orange). Hardystonite can be found altered to clinohedrite CaZn(SiO4)·H2O through direct hydrothermal alteration. Other minerals often associated with hardystonite are franklinite, diopside, andradite garnet, and esperite (fluoresces yellow).
- http://www.mindat.org/min-1818.html Mindat
- http://www.webmineral.com/data/Hardystonite.shtml Webmineral data
- Handbook of Mineralogy
- https://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/0180/report.pdf Palache, Charles. The Minerals of Franklin and Sterling Hill, Sussex County, New Jersey. USGS Professional Paper 180, 1935.
- Dunn, Pete J. Franklin and Sterling Hill, New Jersey: the world's most magnificent mineral deposits. Dr. Pete J. Dunn, 2004.
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