Hareid within Møre og Romsdal
|County||Møre og Romsdal|
|• Mayor (2011)||Anders Riise (H)|
|• Total||82.32 km2 (31.78 sq mi)|
|• Land||76.87 km2 (29.68 sq mi)|
|• Water||5.45 km2 (2.10 sq mi)|
|Area rank||397 in Norway|
|• Rank||205 in Norway|
|• Density||65.8/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|• Change (10 years)||6.9 %|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|ISO 3166 code||NO-1517|
|Official language form||Nynorsk|
Hareid is a municipality in Møre og Romsdal county, Norway. It is part of the Sunnmøre region. The administrative centre is the village of Hareid. The other main population centers are Brandal and Hjørungavåg.
The municipality is situated off the mainland coast of Sunnmøre, on an island named Hareidlandet, which it shared with Ulstein Municipality, the commercial capital of the area. Hareid is regarded as the cultural capital with its annual Hareidsstemne and many choirs. It is also an important traffic hub in Sunnmøre and is connected by ferry to the neighboring island of Sula which in turn is connected to the city of Ålesund and the island of Valderøya. The municipality is connected to the mainland via the Eiksund Bridge and Eiksund Tunnel through Ulstein.
The municipality of Hareid was established on 1 January 1917 when it was separated from Ulstein Municipality to form a municipality of its own. Originally, the municipality included the eastern part of Hareidlandet island and the southwestern part of Sula island. The initial population was 2,310. On 1 July 1958, the southwestern part of the island of Sula (population: 68) was transferred from Hareid Municipality to Borgund Municipality.
The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Hareid farm (Old Norse: Haðareið), since the first church (Hareid Church) was built there. The first element is the genitive case of the name of the island Hǫð (now Hareidlandet) and the last element is eið which means "isthmus". The meaning of the name of the island is unknown.
The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 11 January 1985. The arms show three arrowheads as a symbol for the Battle of Hjörungavágr in 986, in which Earl Håkon defeated the Danish Vikings. This battle played an important role in the struggle by Håkon to unite the whole of Norway. Since the battle took place in the municipality, the arrowheads were considered an appropriate symbol.
|Parish (Sokn)||Church Name||Location of the Church||Year Built|
In recent years Hareid has developed into a modern industrial municipality with a variety of industries, including furniture, fish farming, offshore and subsea ship systems, and other manufacturers of ship equipment. Many Hareid companies specialize in manufacturing maritime equipment and components, and are part of the maritime cluster of Sunnmøre. Such clusters are considered by the EU to be powerful engines of economic development and drivers for innovation in Europe.
- Ekornes (furniture)
- Hareid Group (electrical systems)
- Jets (vacuum sanitation)
- Kvalsvik Produksjon (kitchen furniture)
- Libra Plast (ship doors)
- Norway Pelagic (fish processing plant)
- Rolls Royce Marine (maritime equipment)
- Spenncon (precast concrete)
- Stromek (maritime equipment)
- Vital Base (specialized pillows and cushions)
- Hareid elementary school, grades 1 through 7
- Bigset elementary school, grades 1 through 7
- Hjørungavåg elementary school, grades 1 through 7
- Hareid junior high school, grades 8 through 10
- "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01.
- Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
- Rygh, Oluf (1908). Norske gaardnavne: Romsdals amt (in Norwegian) (13 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 56.
- Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 19 October 2008.
- European Commission Maritime Affairs. "Maritime Clusters". Retrieved 2010-10-28.