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Harem, hāremumono (ハーレムもの?) (from harem), broadly, is an ambiguously-defined subgenre of anime and manga with an emphasis on polygamous or love triangle-type relationships; characterized by a protagonist surrounded, usually amorously, by three or more members of the opposing gender, sex and/or love interests. When it is a male-oriented harem series, the polygynous relationship is informally referred to as a female harem. When it is a female-oriented harem series, the polyandrous relationship is informally referred to as a male harem, reverse harem, or gyakuhāremu (逆ハーレム?). Examples of harem anime and manga include Love Hina, Tenchi Muyo! Ryo-Ohki, Nisekoi, Ichigo 100% and Rosario + Vampire while examples of reverse harem series include Fruits Basket, Boys Over Flowers, Ouran High School Host Club and Brothers Conflict.
More recent variants include polyamorous characters and removing the protagonist's opposing sex and/or gender identity to better appeal to a more broadly diverse LGBT audience, such as futanari-oriented harems, yuri-oriented harems (as with Iono-sama Fanatics), and yaoi-oriented harems (as with Gakuen Heaven).
Because romance is rarely the main focus of an entire series,[a] harem structure is ambiguous. The most distinguishable trait is arguably the group of girls who accompany, and in some instances cohabitate with the boy, and while intimacy is just about customary, it is never necessary; when it is present, there must be a minimum of two girls who express it. Additionally, it is not essential for there to be one exclusive boy; many can exist as long as they are given less attention or the story calls for an unusually obscure sex ratio.
Some visual novels offer a "harem ending" route, where the main character pursues a romantic relationship with multiple other characters simultaneously, with the consent of the other characters. In some cases, the harem ending is unavoidable.
- a. ^ "Series" implies any that are designated as a harem.
- Brenner, Robin E. (2007). Understanding Manga and Anime. Westport, Connecticut: Libraries Unlimited. pp. 82, 89, 112, 297. ISBN 978-1-59158-332-5. OCLC 85898238.
- Drummond-Mathews, Angela (2010) "What Boys Will Be: A Study of Shonen Manga" in Johnson-Woods, Toni (e.d.) Manga: An Anthology of Global and Cultural Perspectives Continuum International Publishing Group pp. 69–70. ISBN 978-0-8264-2938-4