|Hargeisa Egal International Airport
Madaarka Hargaysa ee Cigaal
|Owner||Somaliland Civil Aviation & Air Transport Ministry.|
|Elevation AMSL||4,423 ft / 1,348 m|
Hargeisa Egal International Airport (IATA: HGA, ICAO: HCMH, (Somali: Madaarka Hargaysa ee Cigaal Arabic: مطار هرجيسا إيغال الدولية) is an airport in Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland, a de facto sovereign state currently recognised by no foreign country and claimed by Somalia as an autonomous region. Named after Somaliland's second president Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal, the airport underwent major renovations in 2012–2013. In 2002 the airport handled 56,000 passengers & 2,300 tons of cargo on a total of 1,750 landings.
The airport was opened in 1954 by the British RAF, an expansion program was launched shortly afterwards and by 1958 a taxiway, parking area and terminal building had been built. The airport was then modernized in the 1980s by the Siad Barre administration so as to accommodate larger aircraft and offer more flight destinations.
During the events leading up to the Somali Civil War in the early 1990s, the airport's infrastructure was significantly damaged. However, the facility was gradually rehabilitated over the next several years.
The airport was later renamed to Egal Airport after the veteran politician Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal. Egal served as Somalia's Prime Minister in the early 1960s during the country's post-independence civilian administration, before later becoming the second President of Somaliland.
In 2012, the airport's routes were temporarily suspended as its runway underwent major renovations, funded by the Somaliland authorities, Kuwait Fund and USAID. The facility was later reopened on 17 August 2013, with enlarged arrival and departure terminals, as well as five new wind turbines. An installed wind data monitoring station will also assist in powering the airport.
In June 2014, the Government of Somaliland and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) inaugurated a new wind energy project at the airport. The new wind power facility is under the authority of the Somaliland Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, which will manage it through a public-private partnership and oversee its daily operations. The initiative is part of the larger Partnership for Economic Growth, a bilateral program that has invested over $14 million in Somaliland's energy, livestock and agriculture sectors as well as in private sector development. The partnership aims in particular to establish local renewable energy technologies, with the new wind energy facility expected to offer a more cost effective alternative to diesel fuel. It is also slated to provide power to both the Hargeisa airport and the surrounding communities.
Airlines and destinations
The following airlines offer scheduled passenger service:
Accidents and incidents
|Date||Location||Aircraft||Tail number||Aircraft damage||Fatalities||Description||Refs|
|28 June 1989||Balad||Fokker F-27||6O-SAZ||W/O||30/30||A Somali Airlines Fokker F-27 bound for Hargeisa crashed approximately 10 minutes after taking off from Mogadishu International Airport. All 24 passengers and 6 crew died.|||
- "SOMALILAND: President Silanyo Opens Kuwaiti-Funded Egal Airport Runway Extension". somalilandlive.com.
- "Hargeisa". Jubba Airways. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013.
- Somaliland’s Quest for International Recognition and the HBM-SSC Factor
- "Hargeisa's Egal airport reopens, powered by wind". Somalilandgov. 20 August 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013.
- Economist Intelligence Unit (Great Britain), Country report: Uganda, Ethiopia, Somalia, Djibouti, (The Unit: 1986), p.43.
- "SOMALIA: U.S donates Wind Energy Project to power Hargeisa International Airport". Raxanreeb. 7 June 2014. Retrieved 7 June 2014.
- Ghattas, Abir. "Yemen's No Fly Zone: Thousands of Yemenis are Stranded Abroad". Retrieved 8 April 2015.
- Harro Ranter (28 June 1989). "ASN Aircraft accident Fokker F-27 Friendship 600RF 6O-SAZ Hargeisa".
Media related to Hargeisa International Airport at Wikimedia Commons
- Airport information for HCMH at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.
- Accident history for Hargeisa Airport, Somalia (IATA: HGA, ICAO: HCMH) at Aviation Safety Network
- Aeronautical chart for Egal International (HCMH) at SkyVector
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