From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Megalithic grave Harhoog in Keitum, Sylt, Germany.jpg
Harhoog is located in Germany
Shown within Germany
LocationKeitum, Sylt
Coordinates54°53′27″N 8°22′57″E / 54.8907°N 8.3826°E / 54.8907; 8.3826
TypeMegalithic tomb
Site notes
Public accessYes

The Harhoog is a dolmen, a rectangular megalithic tomb from the Funnelbeaker culture, located near Keitum on the island of Sylt in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany.[1] Discovered in 1925, it was moved to the present site in 1954 when a new airport was developed.


Layout of the Harhoog dolmens with parallel and transverse graves

The megalithic Harhoog burial chambers were originally located near the mud-flats between Keitum and Tinnum. The stones were moved to the area near the Tipkenhoog on the coast near Keitum in 1954,[2] when Sylt Airport was under development.[3]:147

The chambers contain parallel and transverse sections.



The graves at Harhoog are dated to the Neolithic and belonged to ancient settlements of the island's Funnelbeaker culture, probably around 3000 BC. There were once approximately 600 of them but today only about half of them still exist.[4]

The megalithic tombs are built with large, rough stone slabs (one or more) which are arranged in different patterns. Harhoog dolmen is an extended dolmen, under Ernst Sprockhoff's six-category classification; the other five types are simple dolmen, great dolmen, passage grave, long barrows (without a burial chamber) and cist.

Harhhog was discovered in 1925 during excavations of earth for the construction of the Hindenburgdamm, but was only inspected archaeologically in 1936.[3]:148


  1. ^ Ernst Sprockhoff. Atlas der Megalithgräber Deutschlands - Schleswig-Holstein. Rudolf Habelt Verlag, Bonn, 1966.
  2. ^ Bierl, Hermann (2006). Archäologie Führer Deutschland: Bodendenkmäler und Museen. Wek-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-934145-39-9. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  3. ^ a b Kunz, Harry; Steensen, Thomas (2014). Taschenlexikon Sylt (German). Wachholtz. ISBN 978-3-529-05525-6.
  4. ^ Jessel, Hans (1999). Schleswig-Holstein. Ellert & Richter. ISBN 978-3-89234-291-5. Retrieved 7 February 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 54°53′27″N 8°22′57″E / 54.8907°N 8.3826°E / 54.8907; 8.3826