Hari Parbat

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Hari Parbat
Koh-i-Maran
KohiMaraan.jpg
Hari Parbat and the Durrani Fort.
Highest point
CoordinatesCoordinates: 34°6′19″N 74°48′58″E / 34.10528°N 74.81611°E / 34.10528; 74.81611
Geography
Hari Parbat is located in Jammu and Kashmir
Hari Parbat
Hari Parbat
Location of Hari Parbat
Hari Parbat is located in India
Hari Parbat
Hari Parbat
Hari Parbat (India)
LocationSrinagar, Jammu and Kashmir
Parent rangeKarakorum

Hari Parbat ([haːriː pərbət]), also called Koh-i-Maran[1][2][3] ([koːhi maːraːn]), is a hill overlooking Srinagar, the largest city and the capital of the Jammu and Kashmir state, India. It is the site of a fort, built by the Durrani Empire, and of a Hindu temple, mosques, and gurdwara.

The Indian government on 15th of August 2021 (the 75th independence day) hoisted a 100 feet tall Indian flag on the top of the fort.[4]

Durrani Fort[edit]

The first fortifications on the site were constructed by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1590 who built an outer wall for the fort as part of his plans for a new capital at the site of modern-day Srinagar city in Kashmir. The project, however, was never completed. The present fort was built in 1808 under the reign of the Governor of Kashmir Province of the Durrani Empire, Atta Mohammed Khan. In 1947, the fort along with the Kashmir Valley was captured by India during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947-1948. Since then, it has remained under Indian control although Pakistan tried but ultimately failed to capture it during the Kargil War in 1999. Today, the fort is heavily guarded by Indian troops of the Indian Army and the paramilitary force Rashtriya Rifles.

Hindu temple[edit]

Hari Parbat is considered sacred by the Kashmiri Pandits.[5] The hill hosts a temple of Shakti, who is worshipped there under the name Jagadamba Sharika Bhagawati (or, simply, Sharika). She is depicted as having 18 arms and sitting in Shri Chakra.[citation needed]

Muslim shrines[edit]

The southern side of Hari Parbat features Makhdoom Sahib, the shrine of Hamza Makhdoom, a 16th-century Kashmiri Sufi saint locally known as Hazrat Sultan and Sultan-ul-Arifeen.[6][7]

Built below the fort is a mosque dedicated to Shah Badakhshi, a 17th-century Qadiri Sufi saint. The mosque was built by Mughal princess Jahanara Begum.[8]

Gurdwaras[edit]

Gurdwara Chatti Patshahi at Kathi Darwaza, Rainwari, is believed to be the place where Guru Har Gobind, the sixth Sikh guru, stayed for few days while travelling through Kashmir.[9][10]

Gurdwara Guru Nanak Dev is a place where Guru Nanak sat and had discourse with people in early sixteenth century. It was earmarked with a pedestal by Mohammad Ata Khan, a general of Akbar who built the Durrani Fort. A small Gurdwara was later built at the place by Guru Har Gobind.[11]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fernandez, E.E (1889). The Indian Forester. 15. Roorkee: Thomas Civil Engineering Press. p. 366. The beautiful expanse of water is situated at the foot of the hill called the Hari Parbat or Koh-i-maran.
  2. ^ Asher, Catherine .B (1992). Architecture of Mughal India. 4. Cambridge University Press. p. 124. ISBN 9780521267281. In Kashmir's capital city , Srinagar , Akbar had constructed a massive fort on a high hill known as the Koh - i Maran or Hari Parbat overlooking Dal lake .
  3. ^ Kashir Encyclopedia (in Kashmiri). 1. Jammu and Kashmir Academy of Arts Culture and Languages. 1986. p. 403.
  4. ^ http://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/india/india-at-75-100-feet-tall-national-flag-hoisted-at-hari-parbat-fort-in-srinagar/hari-parbat/slideshow/85364234.cms
  5. ^ Origin Archived 9 May 2012 at WebCite
  6. ^ Hamza Makhdum
  7. ^ Makhdoom Sahib Shrine
  8. ^ Asher, Catherine B. (24 September 1992). Architecture of Mughal India. Cambridge University Press. p. 215. ISBN 978-0-521-26728-1.
  9. ^ "Gurudwara Patshahi Chevin, Village Rainawari". AllAboutSikhs.com. Archived from the original on 4 July 2017. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
  10. ^ "SRĪNAGAR (34º-5'N,74º-50'E)". eos.learnpunjabi.org. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  11. ^ "Gurdwara Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Hari Parbat, Sri Nagar". www.sikhphilosophy.net. Sikh Philosophy Network. Retrieved 14 September 2019.

External links[edit]