|Location||Srinagar, J&K, India|
Hari Parbat (Kashmiri pronunciation: [haːri parbatʰ]), also called Koh-i-Maran ( Kashmiri pronunciation: [koːhi maːraːn]), is a hill overlooking Srinagar, the largest city and the capital of Jammu and Kashmir, India. It is the site of the Hari Parbat fort, built by the Durrani Empire, and of a Hindu temple, mosques, and gurdwara.
Hari Parbat Fort
The first fortifications on the site were constructed by the Mughal emperor Akbar in 1590 who built an outer wall for the fort as part of his plans for a new capital at the site of modern-day Srinagar city in Kashmir. The project, however, was never completed. The present fort was built in 1808 under the reign of the Governor of Kashmir Province of the Durrani Empire, Atta Mohammed Khan.
The fort can be reached via two sides of the city, (a) via Rainawari through Kathi Darwaza Gate and (b) via Hawal through the Sangin Darwaza Gate. The fort was closed for almost 2 decades and thrown open to the public in 2007.
Hari Parbat is considered sacred by Kashmiri Pandits. According to Hindu Mythology, the area of Hari Parbat was inhabited by a daemon (asura) named Jalodbhava. People went on to pray to goddess Parvati for help. She took the form of a bird and dropped a pebble on the asura's head. The pebble grew larger and larger until it crushed the daemon. Hari Parbat is revered as that pebble, and Parvati is worshipped under the name Sharika, its temple occupying the middle part of the western slope of the hill. She is depicted as having 18 arms and sitting in Shri Chakra.
Gurdwara Guru Nanak Dev is a place where Guru Nanak sat and had discourse with people in early sixteenth century. It was earmarked with a pedestal by Mohammad Ata Khan, a general of Akbar who built the Durrani Fort. A small Gurdwara was later built at the place by Guru Har Gobind.
Hari Parbat from Dal Lake, Srinagar.
Hari Parbat as seen from downtown Srinagar, Kashmir.
Wooden windows of Hari Parbat Temple
Shrine of Hamza Makhdoom, Srinagar.
Gurdwara Chatti Patshahi, Rainawari
- Badamwari Park, situated at the foothills of Hari Parbat
- Asher, Catherine .B (1992). Architecture of Mughal India. Vol. 4. Cambridge University Press. p. 124. ISBN 9780521267281.
In Kashmir's capital city, Srinagar, Akbar had constructed a massive fort on a high hill known as the Koh-i Maran or Hari Parbat overlooking Dal lake.
- Kashir Encyclopedia (in Kashmiri). Vol. 1. Jammu and Kashmir Academy of Arts Culture and Languages. 1986. p. 403.
- Fernandez, E.E (1889). The Indian Forester. Vol. 15. Roorkee: Thomas Civil Engineering Press. p. 366.
The beautiful expanse of water is situated at the foot of the hill called the Hari Parbat or Koh-i-maran.
- "India at 75: 100-feet tall national flag hoisted at Hari Parbat Fort in Srinagar - Hari Parbat".
- Origin Archived 22 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine
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- Hamza Makhdum
- "Makhdoom Sahib Shrine". Archived from the original on 15 June 2009. Retrieved 28 March 2022.
- Asher, Catherine B. (24 September 1992). Architecture of Mughal India. Cambridge University Press. p. 215. doi:10.1017/chol9780521267281. ISBN 978-0-521-26728-1.
- "Gurudwara Patshahi Chevin, Village Rainawari". AllAboutSikhs.com. Archived from the original on 4 July 2017. Retrieved 15 December 2015.
- "SRĪNAGAR (34º-5'N,74º-50'E)". eos.learnpunjabi.org. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
- "Gurdwara Guru Nanak Dev Ji, Hari Parbat, Sri Nagar". www.sikhphilosophy.net. Sikh Philosophy Network. Retrieved 14 September 2019.