Hari Shankar Tiwari

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Hari Shankar Tiwari (1933 – 16 May 2023) was an Indian gangster and politician belonging to the Samajwadi Party from Gorakhpur in eastern Uttar Pradesh. Tiwari was a member of the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly from the village Tanda, Chillupar in Gorakhpur district.[1][2]


Tiwari was the first gangster in Indian political history to have won elections from prison.[3] Elected from Chillupar, he remained a member of the legislative assembly for years.[4]

In 1997, he was founding member of Akhil Bharatiya Loktantrik Congress along with Jagdambika Pal, Rajeev Shukla, Shyam Sunder Sharma and Bacha Pathak.[citation needed]

Tiwari was a cabinet minister at the State Assembly in several governments,[5] including the Mulayam Singh Yadav (Samajwadi Party) government (2003–2007).

In 2000, he was the Stamp and Registration cabinet minister in Ram Prakash Gupta's government . In 2001, he was the cabinet minister in Rajnath Singh's government and also in year 2002, he was the cabinet minister in Mayawati's Government.[6]

Personal life[edit]

Tiwari Hata in Gorakhpur is the official residence of Harishankar Tiwari.[7] His son Bhishma Shankar Tiwari,[8] was Member of Parliament,[9] Sant Kabir Nagar seat west of Gorakhpur.[10]

Another son, Vinay Shankar Tiwari, stood from Gorakhpur but lost to Yogi Adityanath by a margin of 222,000 votes. He also lost a runoff election from Ballia in 2007 by 130,000 votes. He was an MLA from Chillupar from 2018 to 2022.[11]

Nephew Ganesh Shankar Pandey was a state legislator from Maharajganj.[12] In 2010 he won the MLC election for the fourth consecutive time, and was the speaker of the legislative council.[13]

Tiwari was succeeded by Rajesh Tripathi. After that Vinay Shankar Tiwari won again from the Chillupar constituency in the 17th Legislative Assembly of Gorakhpur.[14] The latter however lost to Tripathi in the 2022 Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly election.[15]

Tiwari died of kidney failure on 16 May 2023, at the age of 89.[16]


  1. ^ Democracy to Kleptocracy. "Shankar Jha". Manushi. Retrieved 12 May 2007.Extracts from the Affidavit Submitted to the Venkatswamy Commission
  2. ^ Geeta Pandey (7 May 2007). "Politics and public service". BBC News. Retrieved 12 May 2007.
  3. ^ Zaidi, Annie. Bread, Cement, Cactus: A Memoir of Belonging and Dislocation. Cambridge University Press. p. 32.
  4. ^ Rashtriya Sahara, Volume 2, Issue 5. Sahara India Mass Communication. p. 19. The UP Assembly has been dubiously adorned by several gangsters in the past and even is today. Hari Shankar Tiwari and Bhola Pandey both not only got tickets to the Assembly but also won the elections and were House members for a good number of years.
  5. ^ Purnima S. Tripathi (24 October 2003). "L'affaire Amarmani". Frontline, Volume 20, Issue 21. Archived from the original on 28 January 2008. Retrieved 12 May 2007.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  6. ^ "यूपी : सियासी भूचाल की आहट, बीजेपी के करीब हुए बाहुबली हरिशंकर तिवारी!– News18 हिंदी". News18 India. 7 February 2018. Retrieved 26 April 2019.
  7. ^ Pandey, Abhishek (17 May 2023). "'तिवारी हाता' में उमड़ा जनसैलाब, सरयू नदी के तट पर होगा हरिशंकर तिवारी का अंतिम संस्कार - Crowd gathered in Tiwari Hata Harishankar Tiwari funeral will be held on the banks of Saryu river". Jagran (in Hindi). Retrieved 4 December 2023.
  8. ^ 50 करोड़ डॉलर जुटाएगी इंडियन ऑयल [Indian Oil to raise $500m]
  9. ^ "National Portal of India". www.india.gov.in. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  10. ^ Empowering India - Making democracy meaningful, Know our Representative & Candidate Archived 10 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ "SP wrests Ballia seat in bypolls". The Financial Express. 3 January 2008. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  12. ^ "Madhumita case: CBI charge sheet". www.rediff.com. Retrieved 24 December 2019.
  13. ^ "3 from UP among top 10 criminal MPs in 15th Lok Sabha". Daily Excelsior. 21 May 2009.[permanent dead link]
  14. ^ "Final Election Results 2017: BJP wins over 320 seats in UP". India Today. 11 March 2017. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
  15. ^ "Vinay Shankar Election Result 2022 LIVE Updates: Vinay Shankar of SP loses from Chillupar seat". News18. 10 March 2022. Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  16. ^ दुबे, आकाश (16 May 2023). "Harishankar Tiwari Passed Away: UP के बाहुबली नेता हरिशंकर तिवारी का निधन, मुक्तिधाम पर आज होगा अंतिम संस्कार" (in Hindi). Amarujala. Retrieved 16 May 2023.