|1980 Jakarta||Men's Doubles|
|1985 Calgary||Men's Doubles|
|1981 Santa Clara||Men's doubles|
|1978 Bangkok||Mixed doubles|
|1982 New Delhi||Men's team|
|1984 Kuala Lumpur||Team|
Partnered first with Rudy Heryanto and later with singles star Liem Swie King, Kartono was one of the world's leading doubles players in the early and mid-1980s. As upstarts, he and Heryanto took silver medals at the 1980 IBF World Championships in Jakarta, losing the final to veteran fellow countrymen Ade Chandra and Christian Hadinata. At the 1981 All-England Championships they avenged that loss in the semifinal, and went on to defeat another highly decorated Indonesian pair, Tjun Tjun and Johan Wahjudi, in the final. They won the All-Englands again in 1984  and the Indonesia Open in 1982 and 1983. Partnered with Liem Swie King, Kartono won the Indonesia Open again in 1985 and 1986, and the Badminton World Cup in 1984 and 1985. Kartono and King earned bronze medals together at the 1985 IBF World Championships in Calgary, losing a close semifinal to the eventual champions Park Joo-bong and Kim Moon-soo.
Kartono tasted both the bitter and the sweet in contests for badminton's highly coveted Thomas Cup (men's world team championship). In 1982 he and Heryanto, after beating one Chinese team, lost the match that gave China its first Thomas Cup title. In the following 1984 Thomas Cup series, however, he teamed with Liem Swie King to take the crucial rubber match from China in a three matches to two Indonesian victory.
IBF World Championships
|1985 IBF World Championships – Men's Doubles|
|1st||Liem Swie King|| Iain Pringle
|2nd|| Chris Jogis
|QF|| Stefan Karlsson
|SF|| Kim Moon-soo
|1980 IBF World Championships – Men's Doubles|
|3rd|| Stefan Karlsson
|QF|| Derek Talbot
|SF|| Flemming Delfs
|Final|| Christian Hadinata
|15–5, 5–15, 7–15||Silver|
|1979||India Open||Tjan So Gwan|| Rudy Heryanto
- Pat Davis, "A Star from the East," World Badminton, June 1981, 8.