Haridas Shastri

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Shri Haridas Shastri (1918-2013) was an Indian Gaudiya Vaisnava scholar and practitioner.[1] A prolific Sanskrit scholar,[2] he wrote more than a hundred books, including translations from the Sanskrit of several Gauḍīyā books and his own commentaries on them. His original works include the highly regarded book, the Vedānta- darśanam bhāgavata bhāṣyopetam, his translations of the Sat Sandarbhas, and his transliterations of Śrī-caitanya-bhāgavata, Śrī-caitanya-caritāmṛta and Śrī-caitanya-maṅgala. Jonathan Edelmann at the University of Florida has called Shastri "arguably the most prolific and well-educated Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava “insider” scholar of the twentieth century" and "a voice distinct from the more well known Gaudīya-Maṭh and ISKCON".[3] Among his disciples is the noted Gauḍīyā scholar and practitioner, Dr. Satyanarayana Dasa.[3] He is not to be confused with another Gauḍīya Scholar by the same name, Shri Haridas das babaji, who was the compiler of the Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava Abhidhāna, a voluminous encyclopedia on Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇavism.

Early life and career[edit]

Śrī Haridās Śāstrī was born in 1918 in Ropa, West Bengal to Śrīmatī Suśīlā Devī and Śrī Abhayacaraṇa Cattopādhyāya. His childhood name was Phaṇindra Nāth. In 1933, he journeyed to Mathura, where he lived under the care of Pandita Bābā Śrī Rāma Kṛṣṇadāsaji.[2]

Paṇḍita Bābā chose his only veṣa disciple Śrī Vinod Vihārī Goswāmī as Phaṇindra Nāth’s teacher. Phaṇindra received mantra dīkṣā from Śrī Vinod Vihāri Goswāmi and became his disciple, with the name Haridāsa. After a year, Śrī Haridās received babaji-veṣa dīkṣā from him. He lived with his guru and served him with great devotion. He studied the Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava works from his guru for several years. Besides studying from his guru, he studied from other renowned scholars of Vrindavan such as Pandita Amolakrama Shastri and Dhananjaya Dasa.

Later, ordered by his guru, Śrī Haridāsa then went to Benares where he studied Indian philosophy for twelve years. He earned nine graduate degrees and three post-graduate degrees covering the six systems of Indian philosophy and theology. He studied under the top scholars of Benares, such as Vamacharan Shastri and Harerama Shastri.

His different degrees are listed in his books (for example,[4]): Kāvya-tīrtha, Vyākaraṇa-tīrtha, Sāṅkhya-tīrtha, Mīmāṁsā-tīrtha, Vedānta-tīrtha, Vaiśeṣika-tīrtha, Navya-nyāya-śāstra, Navya- nyāyācārya, Tarka-tīrtha (pratyakṣa), Tarka-tīrtha (anumāna), Tarka-tīrtha (śabda) and Vaiṣṇava-darśana-tīrtha.

He established the Śrī Haridāsa Niwāsa āśrama at Kālīya-daha in Vṛndāvana in 1965.[2] In the center of this āśrama was established the first major temple in Vṛndāvana to have deities of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu and Śrī Gadādhara Paṇḍita.

Paramparā[edit]

Śrī Haridās Śāstrī is part of the Gadādhara parivāra.[3] The Gadādhara parivāra is a lineage of guru-śiṣya which originated from Śrī Gadādhara Paṇḍita.[5] Śrī Gadādhara Paṇḍita gave dīkṣā to several disciples including Śrī Bhugarbha Goswami. Śrī Haridās Śāstrī belongs to Śrī Bhugarbha Goswami's line.

Gadādhara -Gaura Hari Press[edit]

Śrī Haridās Śāstrī established the Gadādhara-Gaura Hari Press. His purpose was to make the works of Rupa Goswami, Jiva Goswami and other Gaudiya Vaisnava acharyas, which were primarily in Sanskrit, accessible to the public. He translated and published around 100 books. Many of these books contained his own commentaries. He was the first to translate and comment on Jiva Goswami’s Sat Sandarbhas in Hindi.[2] He also established a library, Śrī Gaura-Gadādhara Granthāgāram, which is one of the largest libraries in Vrindavan today. Edelmann notes, "many academic scholars of the Gauḍīya Vaiṣṇava tradition have used Haridāsa Śāstrī published editions of the Gosvāmin’s literature".[3]

Vedāntadarśanam[edit]

Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu had explained that the Śrīmad Bhāgavatam is the natural commentary of the Vedanta-sūtras. But he had not explained how individual verses of the two scriptures related to each other. Sri Haridas Shastri addressed this key gap in the Gauḍīyā Vaiṣṇava literature, by writing and publishing his book Vedānta- darśanam.[6] This book explains how a verse or verses of the Śrīmad Bhāgavatam comment on a specific Vedanta-sūtra. This work is exceptional in its scholarship, and was honored with an award by the Nāgarī Pracāriṇī Sabhā of Benares.[2]

He was a great lover of cows and had a cowshed within his ashrama. He would personally take care of each cow and had a personal relationship with them. He started his cowshed around 1981 with just two cows and a bull, and by the time he left his body, the cowshed had grown to 250 cows and bulls. To ensure that the services that he started continued in his absence, he established Śrī Haridās Śāstrī Cow Institute with a board of trustees.

Bibliography[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Vedānta-darśanam bhāgavata bhāṣyopetam
  • Śrī-sādhanāmṛta-candrikā
  • Śrī-gaura-govindārcana-paddhati
  • Śrī-rādhā-kṛṣṇārcana-dīpikā
  • Śrī-govinda-līlāmṛtam (3 volumes)
  • Aiśvarya-kādambinī
  • Śrī-saṁkalpa-kalpa-druma
  • Catuḥślokībhāṣyam & Śrī-kṛṣṇa-bhajanāmṛta
  • Prema-sampuṭa
  • Śrī-bhagavad-bhakti-sāra-samuccaya
  • Braja-rīti-cintāmaṇi
  • Śrī-govinda-vṛndāvanam
  • Śrī-kṛṣṇa-bhakti-ratna-prakāśa
  • Śrī-hari-bhakti-sāra-saṁgraha
  • Dharma-saṁgraha
  • Śrī-caitanya-sūkti-sudhākara
  • Śrī-nāmāmṛta-samudra
  • Sanat-kumāra-saṁhitā
  • Śruti-stuti-vyākhyā
  • Rāsa-prabandha
  • Dina-candrikā
  • Śrī-sādhana-dīpikā
  • Svakīyātva-nirāsa-parakīyātva-nirūpaṇam
  • Śrī-rādhā-rasa-sudhā-nidhi (mūla)
  • Śrī-rādhā-rasa-sudhā-nidhi (sānuvād)
  • Śrī-Gaurāṅga-candrodaya
  • Śrī-caitanya-candrāmṛtam
  • Śrī-brahma-saṁhitā
  • Bhakti-candrikā
  • Prameya-ratnāvalī evaṁ navaratna
  • Vedānta-syamantaka
  • Tattva-sandarbhaḥ
  • Bhagavat-sandarbhaḥ
  • Paramātma-sandarbhaḥ
  • Kṛṣṇa-sandarbhaḥ
  • Bhakti-sandarbhaḥ
  • Prīti-sandarbhaḥ
  • daśaḥ-ślokī bhāṣyam
  • Bhakti-rasāmṛta-śeṣa
  • Śrī-caitanya-bhāgavata
  • Śrī-caitanya-caritāmṛta-mahā-kāvyam
  • Śrī-caitanya-maṅgala
  • Śrī-Gaurāṅga-virūdāvalī
  • Śrī-kṛṣṇa-caitanya-caritāmṛta
  • Sat-saṅgam
  • Nitya-kṛtya-prakaraṇam
  • Śrīmad-bhāgavata-prathama-śloka
  • Śrī-gāyatrī vyākhyā-vivṛtiḥ
  • Śrī-hari-nāmāmṛta-vyākaraṇam
  • Śrī-kṛṣṇa-janma-tithi-vidhiḥ
  • Śrī-hari-bhakti-vilāsaḥ
  • Kāvya-kaustubhaḥ
  • Śrī-caitanya-caritāmṛta
  • Alaṅkāra-kaustubha
  • Śrī-gaurāṅga-līlāmṛtam
  • Śikṣāṣṭakam
  • Saṅkṣepa-śrī-hari-nāmāmṛta-vyākaraṇam
  • Prayuktākhyāta manjarī
  • Chando kaustubha
  • Hindū-dharma-rahasyam vā sarva-dharma-samanvayaḥ
  • Sāhitya-kaumudī
  • Go-sevā
  • Rāsalīlā
  • Śrī mantra-bhāgavatam

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sri Guru Darsanam. Vrindavan: Shri Haridas Shastri Goseva Sansthan. 2015. ISBN 978-81-929328-0-4.
  2. ^ a b c d e Śrī Guru Smaraṇam. Vrindavan. 2014.
  3. ^ a b c d Edelmann, Jonathan (2014). "Book Review of Jīva Gosvāmin. Śrī Bhagavat Sandarbha: God—His Qualities, Abode and Associates. Sanskrit Text with English Translation and Jīva-toṣaṇī Commentary. Translated and edited by Satyanarayana Dasa. Vrindavan, India: Jiva Institute of Vaishnava Studies". Journal of Dharma and Hindu Studies. 1 (1): 78.
  4. ^ Sāhitya Kaumudi. Vrindavan: Śrī Gadādhara Gaurahari press. 2008.
  5. ^ "Our Guru Shishya parampara". sriharidasniwas.org. Retrieved November 1, 2017.
  6. ^ Vedāntadarśanam. Vrindavan: Gadādhara Gaurahari press.

External links[edit]