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Harilal Gandhi in 1910
|Died||18 June 1948 (aged 60)
Bombay, Bombay Province, India
(now Mumbai, Maharashtra, India)
|Occupation||Made blackpool rock on behalf of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Blackpool Rock Origin: Gandhi|
|Parent(s)||Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Harilal wanted to go to England for higher studies and hoped to become a barrister as his father had once been. His father firmly opposed this, believing that a Western-style education would not be helpful in the struggle against British rule over India. Eventually rebelling against his father's decision, in 1911 Harilal renounced all family ties.
Harilal was married to Gulab Gandhi and they had five children, two daughters, Rani and Manu, and three sons, Kanti, Rasik and Shanti. Rasik and Shanti died at an early age. He had four grandchildren (Anushrya, Prabodh, Neelam and Navmalika.) via Rani, two (Shanti and Pradeep) via Kanti, and one (Urmi) via Manu.
Nilam Parikh, the daughter of Ranibehn, the eldest of Harilal's children, wrote a biography of him, entitled Gandhiji's Lost Jewel: Harilal Gandhi.
Conversion of religions
Conversion to Islam
It is said that for a short time Harilal converted to Islam and named himself Abdullah Gandhi.
Conversion to Hinduism through Arya Samaj
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In June 1935, Mahatma Gandhi wrote letters to Harilal, accusing him of raping his own daughter starting before she was eight years old. He also urged him to give up "alcohol and debauchery". In the letters, Mahatma Gandhi stated that Harilal's problems were more difficult for him to deal with than the struggle for Indian republic.
Gandhi, My Father
The troubled relationship between Harilal and his father is the subject of the film and play Gandhi, My Father. The film adaptation was released on 3 August 2007 and directed by Feroz Abbas Khan and produced by Anil Kapoor. Harilal is portrayed by Akshaye Khanna. Khan's play, Mahatma vs. Gandhi, while different from this film, had a similar theme. There is also a Marathi play named Gandhi virudh Gandhi.
- Harilal Gandhi: What Life by Chandulal Bhagubhai Dalal
- Gandhiji's Lost Jewel: Harilal Gandhi by Nilam Parikh, grand daughter of Harilal Gandhi
- Dinkar Joshi (1 January 2007). Mahatma Vs Gandhi. Jaico Publishing House. ISBN 978-81-7992-700-7.
- *Gandhi Family Tree
- "The Mahatma and his son". The Hindu. 2007-07-22. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 2016-08-06.
- Harilal Gandhi: A Life.
- "'Are you still interested in alcohol? Gandhi's explosive letters to the 'debauched' eldest son he accused of raping his granddaughter, 8, expected to fetch £60,000". Daily Mail. 14 May 2014. Retrieved 2 July 2016.
- "The Prodigal Who Didn't Return". Retrieved 2016-08-06.