Harindranath Chattopadhyay

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Harindranath Chattopadhyaya
Harindranath Chattopadhyay.jpeg
Harindranath Chattopadhyaya
Member of Parliament
In office
1952–1957
Succeeded byKomarraju Atchamamba
ConstituencyVijayawada constituency
Personal details
Born(1898-04-02)2 April 1898
Hyderabad, Hyderabad State, British India
Died23 June 1990(1990-06-23) (aged 92)
Bombay, Maharashtra, India
Spouse(s)
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyaya (m. 1923–1955)
Children2
RelativesSarojini Naidu (sister)

Harindranath Chattopadhyay (2 April 1898 – 23 June 1990) was an Indian English poet, a dramatist, an actor, a musician and a member of the 1st Lok Sabha from Vijayawada constituency.[1] He was the younger brother of Sarojini Naidu, the second woman President of the Indian National Congress and first Indian woman to hold the position, and Virendranath Chattopadhyay, an international communist revolutionary. The Government of India awarded him the civilian honour of the Padma Bhushan in 1973.[2]

Life[edit]

Born in Hyderabad (erstwhile Hyderabad State, present day Telangana)[citation needed] in a Bengali Hindu Kulin Brahmin family to Aghornath Chattopadhyaya, first Indian D.Sc, a scientist-philosopher and educationist, and Barada Sundari Devi, a poet and singer, he is famous for poems like Noon and Shaper Shaped. His father was a Doctorate of Science from the University of Edinburgh, settled in Hyderabad State, where he founded and administered the Hyderabad College, which later became the Nizam's College in Hyderabad. His mother was a poet and used to write poetry in Bengali. His other interests were politics, music, theatre and cinema. He was awarded Padma Bhushan in 1973.[citation needed] He married Kamaladevi Chattopadhyaya, a Socialist and leader of Women, who created the All India Women's Conference, the Indian Cooperative Union and also was the inspiration for the All Indian Handicraft's Board, a body which revived many Indian handicrafts, decimated by the Industrial Revolution in Britain in the 19th century. (Pottery and Weaving). A son died in 2008 but another survives. Kamaladevi and Harin's divorce was the first legal separation granted by the courts of India. It was amicable.[citation needed]

Harindranath Chattopadhyaya often recited his poem Rail Gaadi on All India Radio (Akashavani). The song was memorably sung by Ashok Kumar in the film Aashirwad. He himself wrote the lyrics, composed the music and sang a few songs, notable among which were Surya Ast Ho Gaya and Tarun Arun Se Ranjit Dharani. He also penned a number of poems for children in Hindi. His poems were appreciated even by the Nobel Laureate Rabindranath Tagore.

In 1951 Lok Sabha elections Harindranath Chattopadhyaya won from Vijayawada Lok Sabha constituency in Madras State as an independent candidate, supported by the Communist Party of India. He was the member of the 1st Lok Sabha from 14 April 1952 to 4 April 1957.[1]

His most famous acting role was in the Hindi movie Bawarchi (The Chef), which was made in 1972; it was adapted by Gulzar from the Bengali film Galpa Holeo Satyi, directed by Tapan Sinha. Chattopadhyaya played the role of the strict and regimented patriarch of the house, where his sons, daughters-in-law and grandchildren lived in a joint family and still respected and abided by his rules. He had cameos in three Satyajit Ray films: playing the wizard Barfi in Goopi Gyne Bagha Byne, the human encyclopaedia, Sidhujyatha, in Sonar Kella, and the senior member of the Board of Directors, Sir Baren Roy, in Seemabaddha .

Chattopadhyay died of cardiac arrest on 23 June 1990 in Bombay.[3]

Works[edit]

Poems[edit]

  • The Feast of Youth (1918)
  • The Magic Tree (1922)
  • Ancient Wings (1923)
  • Blood of Stones (1944)
  • Spring in Winter(1955)
  • Virgin and Vineyards (1967)
  • The Lady's Giant hat
  • the Earthen globlet
  • salute to R-day
  • Tati Tati Tota (in Hindi)
  • ' Shaper Shaped'(Sandip Shah Grambharati Amarapur)

Songs[edit]

  • Surya Ast Ho Gaya
  • Tarun Arun Se Ranjit Dharani

Plays[edit]

  • Abu Hassan (1918)
  • Five Plays (1937)
  • Siddhartha, Man of Peace (1956)

Filmography[edit]

Year Film Role Notes
1962 Sahib Bibi Aur Ghulam Gharhi Babu
1963 Tere Ghar Ke Samne Seth Karam Chand
Gharbar Mr. Chaddha
The Householder Mr. Chaddha
1964 Sanjh Aur Savera Mama, Radha's uncle
1965 Teen Devian Mr. Pinto
1966 Pyar Mohabbat Thakur Shamsher Singh
Pinjre Ke Panchhi Father of Miss India 1965
1967 Raaz Baba
Raat Aur Din Dr. Dey
Naunihal Deranged male in Bombay
1968 Goopy Gyne Bagha Byne The Magician (Barfi) Bengali film
Abhilasha Albert D'Souza
Aashirwad Baiju 'Dholakia'
1971 Seemabaddha Sir Baren Roy Bengali film
1972 Bawarchi Shiv Nath Sharma (Daduji)
1974 Sonar Kella Sidhu Jyatha (Uncle Sidhu) Bengali film
Aashiana
1976 Mehbooba Rita's father
1978 Aankhyon Ke Jharokhon Se Mr. Rodriques
1981 Ghungroo Ki Awaaz Nawab Jung Bahadur
1982 Chalti Ka Naam Zindagi Mastermind behind spooking everyone
1984 Horký Podzim s Vuní Manga Rádz's grandfather
1988 Maalamaal Shri Mangat Ram

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ramana Rao, G.V. (1 April 2009). "When Andhra was a Left bastion". The Hindu. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
  2. ^ "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  3. ^ "Harendranath Chattopadhyaya dead". The Indian Express. 23 June 1990.

External links[edit]