Haris Silajdžić

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Haris Silajdžić
Haris Silajdžić.jpg
18th and 21st Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
6 March 2010 – 10 November 2010
Prime MinisterNikola Špirić
Preceded byŽeljko Komšić
Succeeded byNebojša Radmanović
In office
7 March 2008 – 6 November 2008
Prime MinisterNikola Špirić
Preceded byŽeljko Komšić
Succeeded byNebojša Radmanović
6th Bosniak Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
6 November 2006 – 10 November 2010
Preceded bySulejman Tihić
Succeeded byBakir Izetbegović
Prime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina
In office
25 October 1993 – 31 January 1996
PresidentAlija Izetbegović
Preceded byMile Akmadžić
Succeeded byHasan Muratović
In office
3 January 1997 – 6 June 2000
Serving with Boro Bosić (1997–99)
Svetozar Mihajlović (1999–2000)
PresidentAlija Izetbegović
Živko Radišić
Ante Jelavić
Preceded byHasan Muratović
Succeeded bySpasoje Tuševljak
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
20 December 1990 – 30 October 1993
PresidentAlija Izetbegović
Prime MinisterJure Pelivan
Mile Akmadžić
Preceded byoffice established
Succeeded byIrfan Ljubijankić
Personal details
Born (1945-10-01) 1 October 1945 (age 73)
Breza, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslavia
NationalityBosnian
Political partySBIH
Other political
affiliations
SDA (1990–96)
Spouse(s)Selma Muhedinović (2016–)

Haris Silajdžić (Serbo-Croatian pronunciation: [xaris silajdʒitɕ]) (Cyrillic: Харис Силајџић; born 1 October 1945) is a Bosnian politician and academic. In the 2006 elections, Silajdžić was elected as the Bosniak member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina for four years in the rotating presidency.[1]

Career[edit]

Silajdžić and former Prime Minister of Croatia Ivo Sanader discuss Croatian-Bosnian relations, cooperation in energy, and the continuation of Euro-Atlantic integration processes on 27 May 2010 in Zagreb

From 1990 to 1993 he served as the foreign minister of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and as the prime minister from October 1993 to January 1996. In 1996, he left the Party of Democratic Action because of personal reasons, and founded the Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina (SBiH). His SBiH entered the Parliamentary Assembly of Bosnia and Herzegovina and become one of the leading Bosnian Muslim parties the following year.[2]

In 2007, the International Court of Justice in the Hague acquitted Serbia of the charges of complicity in genocide brought against the "Federal Republic of Yugoslavia" by the Bosnian government.[3] Silajdžić expressed disappointment at the court's ruling, but welcomed the fact that the court "ruled that Serbia and Montenegro had violated the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide by not preventing or punishing the perpetrators of the genocide."[4]

Silajdžić was a member of the Bosnian delegation which negotiated the US-brokered Dayton Accords. He continues stressing that the document was essential in ending the genocide in Bosnia-Herzegovina, but now sees it as an obstacle in reunifying the country. Making strong steps and claims in 2006 and 2007 towards canceling certain parts of Dayton Accords, he directly opposes the constitution of the country, thus being a very controversial political figure, famous on the Bosniak and infamous on the Serbian side. His main goals are abolishing the existence of Republika Srpska, breaking certain relations with Serbia and reforming the country towards unity. He continues to be a key figure in Bosnian politics. Originally, he was a member and vice-president of the Party of Democratic Action, but broke away from the party in 1997 by funding his own Party for Bosnia and Herzegovina.[5]

Silajdžić had a strong political comeback in the 2006 elections. He is backed by authorities and organizations throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina that voice dissatisfaction with the Dayton Accord provisions and oppose the autonomy of the Republika Srpska entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina.[6][7]

Awards and honours[edit]

In 2005, he received a Doctor in International Relations honoris causa by the Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations.[8]

In 2018, Silajdžić was conferred Sitara-e-Pakistan for his services to Pakistan by the Pakistani President Mamnoon Hussain.[9][10]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Search - Global Edition". International Herald Tribune. 29 March 2009. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  2. ^ Šedo 2013, p. 88.
  3. ^ Court clears Serbia of genocide, bbc.co.uk; accessed 11 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Bosnia genocide ruling splits regional media". BBC News. 28 February 2007. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  5. ^ "CBC News Indepth: Balkans". Cbc.ca. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  6. ^ Profile, rferl.org; accessed 11 March 2016.
  7. ^ Gienger, Viola (14 February 2009). "Bosnian Wartime Leader Calls for Revival of U.S. Role by Obama". Bloomberg. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  8. ^ "Honorary Degree Recipients". Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations.
  9. ^ "President Mamnoon confers civil awards on Yaum-i-Pakistan". Dawn.
  10. ^ "Haris Silajdzic decorated with one of Pakistan's most important awards". Radio Sarajevo.
Books
  • Šedo, Jakub (2013). "The party system of Bosnia and Herzegovina". In Stojarová, Vera; Emerson, Peter (eds.). Party Politics in the Western Balkans. New York: Routledge. ISBN 9781135235857.

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mile Akmadžić
Prime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina
1993–1996
Succeeded by
Hasan Muratović
Preceded by
Hasan Muratović
Prime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina
1997–2000
Served alongside: Boro Bosić: 1997–1999
Svetozar Mihajlović: 1999–2000
Succeeded by
Spasoje Tuševljak
Preceded by
Sulejman Tihić
Bosniak Member of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
2006–2010
Succeeded by
Bakir Izetbegović
Preceded by
Željko Komšić
Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
2008
Succeeded by
Nebojša Radmanović
Chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina
2010