Hariss

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Hariss
حاريص
Village
Map showing the location of Hariss within Lebanon
Map showing the location of Hariss within Lebanon
Hariss
Location within Lebanon
Coordinates: 33°10′28″N 35°22′36″E / 33.17444°N 35.37667°E / 33.17444; 35.37667Coordinates: 33°10′28″N 35°22′36″E / 33.17444°N 35.37667°E / 33.17444; 35.37667
Grid position 185/286 PAL
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Nabatieh Governorate
District Bint Jbeil District
Elevation 720 m (2,360 ft)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Dialing code +961

Hariss (or Haris) (Arabic: حاريص‎) is a village is southern Lebanon, in the region of Bint Jbeil.

Name[edit]

According to E. H. Palmer, the name means "guarded".[1]

History[edit]

'Here there appear to be no vestiges of ancient constructions, except a circular cistern cut in the rock. Guérin suggests that it may be the site of the ancient Harosheth.' (Judges 4:2). "This identification is strengthened by the fact that the same word which occurs in the name Kir Haroseth, the modern Kerak, exists in the present local dialect in Moab, under the same form, Harith or Haris."[2]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1596 tax record, it was named as a village, Haris, in the Ottoman nahiya (subdistrict) of Tibnin under the liwa' (district) of Safad, with a population of 102 households and 8 bachelor, all Muslim. The villagers paid a fixed tax rate of 25% on agricultural products, such as wheat, barley, olive trees, vegetable and fruit garden, orchard, goats and beehives, in addition to "occasional revenues" and a press for olive oil or grape syrup; a total of 3,124 akçe.[3][4]

In 1852, Edward Robinson noted the village on his travels in the region.[5] In 1875, Victor Guérin found the village to contain 200 Metawileh.[6]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it: "A village, built of stone, containing about 100 [..] Metawileh, situated on hill-top, with vineyards, figs, and arable cultivation. There is a birket and many cisterns at the village, and a spring near."[7]

Modern era[edit]

On the 24 July, 2006, during the 2006 Lebanon-Israel war, Israeli warplanes killed 12 people in the village, in two different strikes. The first strike killed 4 Hizbollah fighters, while the second strike demolished a house 100 meters away, killing 8 civilians, aged between 16 and 77 years.[8]

In November, 2006, Italian UNIFIL soldiers were accused of theft in a military store in this village.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 21
  2. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, pp. 96, 116
  3. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 181
  4. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  5. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1856, p. 61
  6. ^ Guérin, 1880, pp. 386-387; as given in Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 94
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 94
  8. ^ HRW, 2007, p. 112
  9. ^ Burglary Attempt by Italian Peacekeepers Foiled in the South!?, Nov 06, 2006, Naharnet

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]