Harlan Cleveland

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Harlan Cleveland
Harlan Cleveland 2006.jpg
Harlan Cleveland in DC, 2006
6th United States Permanent Representative to NATO
In office
September 1, 1965 – June 11, 1969
PresidentLyndon B. Johnson
Richard Nixon
Preceded byThomas K. Finletter
Succeeded byRobert Ellsworth
Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs
In office
February 20, 1961 – September 18, 1965
PresidentJohn F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
Preceded byFrancis O. Wilcox
Succeeded byJoseph J. Sisco
Personal details
Born(1918-01-19)January 19, 1918
New York City, New York
DiedMay 30, 2008(2008-05-30) (aged 90)
Sterling, Virginia
Political partyDemocratic

Harlan Cleveland (January 19, 1918 – May 30, 2008) was an American diplomat, educator, and author. He served as Lyndon B. Johnson's U.S. Ambassador to NATO from 1965 to 1969, and earlier as U.S. Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs from 1961 to 1965. He was President of the University of Hawaii from 1969 to 1974, President of the World Academy of Art and Science in the 1990s, and Founding Dean of the University of Minnesota's Hubert H. Humphrey Institute of Public Affairs. Cleveland also served as Dean of the Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs at Syracuse University from 1956 to 1961.[1]

He was born in New York City to Stanley Matthews Cleveland and Marian Van Buren. His siblings were Harold van Buren Cleveland, an economist, Anne Cleveland White, an artist, and Stanley Cleveland, a diplomat. He attended Phillips Andover Academy and graduated from Princeton University in 1938. He was a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford University in the late 1930s. He was an early advocate and practitioner of online education, teaching courses for the Western Behavioral Sciences Institute (WBSI) and Connected Education in the 1980s and early 1990s.

He authored twelve books, among his best-known are The Knowledge Executive (1985) and Nobody in Charge: Essays on the Future of Leadership (2002).[2] He also published hundreds of journal and magazine articles.[3] His final published writing was the opening chapter for "Creating a Learning Culture: Strategy, Technology, and Practice" (2004) entitled, "Leading and learning with nobody in charge." [4]

He was awarded 22 honorary degrees, the U.S. Presidential Medal of Freedom, Princeton University's Woodrow Wilson Award, the Peace Corps' Leader for Peace Award, and the American Whig-Cliosophic Society's James Madison Award for Distinguished Public Service. He was the co-winner (with Bertrand de Jouvenel) of the 1981 Prix de Talloires, an international award for "accomplished generalists". He was a trustee of the Chaordic Commons.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Nishimoto, Warren; Cleveland, Harlan (1996). "Interview with Harlan Cleveland" (PDF). Archived from the original on 8 November 2020. Retrieved 8 November 2020. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ "Harlan Cleveland". www.goodreads.com.
  3. ^ "World Future Society". World Future Society.
  4. ^ "Creating a Learning Culture: History of economic thought and methodology". Cambridge University Press. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
  5. ^ http://www.guidestar.org/ViewPdf.aspx?PdfSource=0&ein=36-3964557

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Francis O. Wilcox
Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs
February 20, 1961 – September 18, 1965
Succeeded by
Joseph J. Sisco