Harlan Community Academy High School
|Harlan Community Academy|
|9652 S. Michigan Avenue
Chicago, Illinois 60628
|School district||Chicago Public Schools|
|Principal||Ramona C. Fannings–Outlaw|
|Athletics conference||Chicago Public League|
|Team name||Falcons |
|Accreditation||North Central Association of Colleges and Schools|
John Marshall Harlan Community Academy High School is a public 4–year high school and middle school. Harlan is located in the West Chesterfield neighborhood in Chatham on the south side of Chicago, Illinois, United States. The school is a part of the Chicago Public Schools system. Opened in 1958, the school is named for Kentucky lawyer, politician and associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court John Marshall Harlan. In addition to being a neighborhood high school, Harlan serves middle school grades seventh and eighth.
In June 1957, the Chicago Board of Education approved work to begin building the new Harlan High School with a budget of $3.2 million bordered at 97th street and Michigan avenue. The school building was constructed in 18-months by a local Chicago construction company (Joseph J. Duffy company), and to accommodate between 1,800 to 2,000 students. In December 1957, community members and parents protested the lack of a swimming pool being built in the school, which resulted in a months of negotiations. The parents cited that another new school (Bogan High School) that was being constructed at the time was to receive a pool, and that Harlan should have the same facility. The school board stated that the schools are not architecturally alike and it would cost more to construct a pool at Harlan rather than Bogan.
Months before its opening, Parents of Fenger High School filed a suit in circuit court requesting that the school board extend the school's attendance boundaries, affecting 300 Fenger students wanting to attend the new school. The suit was dismissed. The school opened for students in September 1958 at 9652 S. Michigan Avenue with an enrollment of 1,400. By April 1965, the school's enrollment was at 2,726 (88% above capacity); predominately African-American (93%). Due to this, the school had to run 12-period days, five separate lunch periods and six mobile classrooms. The school's program attracted students living outside of its attendance area, cited as the cause of the overcrowding. In August 1985, the school was designated as a "community academy" and began accepting students outside its attendance area through the Option for Knowledge program.
In March 1969, the school experienced a series of fires that was started in a mobile classroom. The day of the fires, twenty–five students were protesting the firing of a African–American math teacher at the school. In November 1970, Two students were shot while standing in a second–floor hallway at the school. The shooting was believed to be gang recruiting activity.
Harlan competes in the Chicago Public League (CPL) and is a member of the Illinois High School Association (IHSA). Harlan's sports teams are known as the Falcons. The boys' basketball and track and field teams have each won three Public League championships (1963–64, 1965–66, 1966–67) and (1966–67, 1969–70, 1970–71) respectively. They were Public League cross country running champions in 1961–62 and baseball champions in 1992–93. Illinois statewide, the Falcon boys' won the state championship in track and field for 1966–67 season.
- Emil Brown, 1993 – baseball player, MLB (Pittsburgh Pirates, San Diego Padres, Kansas City Royals, Oakland Athletics, New York Mets).
- Cliff Meely, 1966 – basketball player, NBA (Houston Rockets), seventh overall pick of 1971 NBA draft.
- Scipio Spinks, 1965 – baseball player, MLB (Houston Astros, Saint Louis Cardinals).
- Mark Washington, 1966 – football player, NFL (Dallas Cowboys).
- Five Stairsteps – American family vocal group (including members Alohe Burke, Clarence Burke, Jr. and James Burke), best known for 1970 R&B hit song "O-o-h Child".
- Lena McLin – teacher and composer; served as music teacher at the school from 1965 until 1969.
- "CPS : Schools : School". CPS.edu. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- "Chicago (Harlan)". Illinois High School Association (IHSA). 31 December 2009. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- "Institution Summary for Harlan High School". AdvancED profile. North Central Association Commission on Accreditation and School Improvement. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
- 1982 Harlan High School (Chicago, Illinois) Yearbook
- 1968 Harlan High School (Chicago, Illinois) Yearbook
- 1985 Harlan High School (Chicago, Illinois) Yearbook
- "History of John Marshall Harlan". HarlanFalcons.org. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- "NEW HARLAN HIGH SCHOOL WORK TO BEGIN (June 2, 1957)". ChicagoTribune.com. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- "Parents Fight Pool Lack in Harlan High (January 12, 1958)". ChicagoTribune.com. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- "School Board Shuns Plea on Harlan Boundary Shift (August 28, 1958)". ChicagoTribune.com. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- "Barrister, Soldier Harlan Honored by School's Name (April 1, 1965)". ChicagoTribune.com. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- "Harlan Community Academy". HarlanFalcons.org. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- "Harlan Fires Probed (March 1, 1969)". ChicagoTribune.com. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- "2 Students Wounded at Harlan (November 21, 1970)". ChicagoTribune.com. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- "IHSA". IHSA.org. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- "High school football (May 20, 1985)". ChicagoTribune.com. Retrieved February 15, 2017.
- Craig Lytle Rovi, The Five Stairsteps, Last.fm Limited https://www.last.fm/music/The+Five+Stairsteps/+wiki