St Matthew's Church
|Harlaston shown within Staffordshire|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||West Midlands|
Harlaston is a village and civil parish in Staffordshire, England. It lies on the River Mease, about 5 miles (8 km) north of Tamworth. There is an Early English church, dedicated to St Matthew, and a public house, the White Lion.
Harlaston is a conservation area, and has won the Staffordshire Best Kept Small Village award 5 times.
The name Harlaston comes from Old English, and means either Heoruwulf's farm or Heorulaf's farm. It has been suggested that the church goes back to the 11th century and is of Anglo-Saxon origin. Certainly, a corn mill is mentioned in the Domesday Book.
In 1851 the population was 221, on about 1400 acres of land. There were 2 lords of the manor, Captain Theophilus Levett and W Chettle, though much of the land belonged to other people.
The township of Harlaston became part of Tamworth Poor Law Union in 1836. In 1866 it also became a civil parish in its own right, becoming part of Tamworth Rural District in 1894. During the boundary changes of 1934, the parish was extended to incorporate Haselour, becoming part of Lichfield Rural District. In 1974 it became part of the new non-metropolitan district of Lichfield.
Harlaston includes a number of historic buildings. Listed Grade II* is the parish church of St Matthew; grade II listings include the Manor House, as well as several other houses, mileposts, and a telephone box.
The Church is mainly built of red brick in Norman and Early English styles. There is a tower with three bells and a clock. The upper part of the tower is half-timbered – this is said to be unusual for Staffordshire. A small spire was added in the 19th century.
The Manor House dates back to 1540. It is of traditional timber construction.
Haselour grid reference is an ancient manor and hamlet about a mile west of Harlaston. The name Haselour comes from Old English and means hazel ridge. In 1851 it was described as having a population of 29 people in 5 houses, and covered 570 acres (230 ha). The area was extra-parochial and the people were served by the chapel at Harlaston.
For local government purposes Haselour was extra-parochial until 1858, when it became a civil parish within Lichfield Poor Law Union. In 1894 it became part of Lichfield Rural District; in 1934 the civil parish was incorporated into Harlaston.
Listed Grade II* are Haselour Hall and its associated chapel. The manor house of Haselour Hall, with its traditional half-timbered Tudor appearance, dates back to the 16th century. The chapel dates from the 14th century, and was restored in the 1880s, but is now in poor condition and is on the English Heritage at risk register.
The now-closed Elford railway station was originally named Haselour.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 8 December 2015.
- "St Matthew's Church, Harlaston". Mease Valley Churches. Retrieved 15 September 2009.
- "Key to English Place Names". Institute for Name-Studies. Retrieved 30 September 2009.
- "GENUKI: Harlaston". 29 May 2000. Retrieved 3 October 2009.
- "Harlaston". Online Gazetteer. Staffordshire County Council. 21 April 2009. Retrieved 30 September 2009.
- "Haselour". Online Gazetteer. Staffordshire County Council. 22 April 2009. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- "Register of Electors 2007: Lichfield District". 13 April 2007. Retrieved 22 October 2009.
- "United Kingdom Parliament". Retrieved 18 September 2009.
- "Listed buildings of Harlaston CP" (PDF). Lichfield District Council. Retrieved 1 October 2009.
- "GENUKI: Lichfield". 30 January 2001. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- "Haselour Hall". Retrieved 30 October 2009.
- "Chapel east of Haselour Hall". English Heritage. Retrieved 30 October 2009.
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