Harlaxton, Queensland

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View eastwards from Gilmore Court Harlaxton.jpg
View eastwards from Gilmour Court, 2014
Harlaxton is located in Queensland
Coordinates 27°31′52″S 151°57′18″E / 27.53111°S 151.95500°E / -27.53111; 151.95500Coordinates: 27°31′52″S 151°57′18″E / 27.53111°S 151.95500°E / -27.53111; 151.95500
Population 2,547 (2016 census)[1]
 • Density 520/km2 (1,346/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 4350
Area 4.9 km2 (1.9 sq mi)
Location 4 km (2 mi) N of Toowoomba
LGA(s) Toowoomba Region
State electorate(s) Toowoomba North
Federal Division(s) Groom
Suburbs around Harlaxton:
Cranley Mount Kynoch Ballard
Rockville Harlaxton Mount Lofty
Newtown North Toowoomba Mount Lofty

Harlaxton is a suburb of Toowoomba, Queensland, Australia, located 4 kilometres (2 mi) north of the city centre.[2] At the 2016 Australian Census, the suburb recorded a population of 2,547.[3]

The name originates from Harlaxton House, probably named for Harlaxton in Lincolnshire, England, and built in 1869 in what is now Munro Street as the residence of Francis Thomas Gregory. Gregory was an explorer in Western Australia, before moving to Queensland in 1862, serving as Commissioner of Crown Lands and an appointed Member of the Legislative Council from 1874 until his death in 1888. The home was later used as the summer residence for Lord Lamington who served as Governor of Queensland from 1896 until 1901. A railway station was built for his use at the site.[4][5] The house is in a deteriorating condition, partly due to blasts from the neighbouring quarries.[6]

Heritage listings[edit]

Harlaxton has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:


Harlaxton is home to Downlands College, a Catholic co-educational boarding school established in 1931, and Harlaxton State School, opened in 1901. It caters for students from Prep to Year 6. [7]

Features and facilities[edit]

Harlaxton has a history as an industrial centre. Apart from the quarries, the suburb is home to the Willowburn railway marshalling yard and the original Darling Downs Bacon Company established as a co-operative in 1911 (later KR Castlemaine).

Harlaxton is also home to the Toowoomba Cricket Club and the Toowoomba Bears rugby union club, as well as the Willowburn Sports Club (soccer).


Harlaxton is the most socio-economically disadvantaged suburb in Toowoomba; at the 2006 census, residents had a median individual income of $366, compared with $448 for the Toowoomba statistical district, and a median family income of $881 compared to $1,116.[8] The suburb had a SEIFA score of 903, placing it below all other suburbs in the district.[9]


In the 2004 federal election and again in the 2010 election, the booth at Harlaxton North was the only booth in the Division of Groom to record a Labor two-party preferred majority.[10]


  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Harlaxton (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 3 April 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ "Harlaxton - suburb in the Toowoomba Region (entry 47964)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  3. ^ Cite error: The named reference census2016 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  4. ^ "Harlaxton - railway station in the Toowoomba Region (entry 15397)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  5. ^ a b "Harlaxton House (entry 600839)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 15 July 2013.
  6. ^ Burley, Lacey (18 September 2008). "Complaints alert EPA to state of Harlaxton House". Toowoomba Chronicle. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
  7. ^ "Harlaxton State School". Retrieved 26 January 2018.
  8. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Toowoomba (QLD) (Statistical District)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  9. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 March 2009). "2033.0.55.001 – Census of Population and Housing: Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA), Australia – Data only, 2006". Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  10. ^ Australian Electoral Commission (9 September 2010). "Qld Division – Groom – Two Candidate Preferred by Polling Place (2010)". Retrieved 5 June 2011.
    * Australian Electoral Commission (9 November 2005). "Qld Division – Groom – Two Candidate Preferred by Polling Place (2004)". Retrieved 5 June 2011.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]