Harlem Courthouse

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Harlem Courthouse
Harlem Courthouse is located in New York City
Harlem Courthouse
Harlem Courthouse is located in New York
Harlem Courthouse
Harlem Courthouse is located in the US
Harlem Courthouse
Location 170 East 121st Street
Manhattan, New York City
Coordinates 40°48′4″N 73°56′21″W / 40.80111°N 73.93917°W / 40.80111; -73.93917Coordinates: 40°48′4″N 73°56′21″W / 40.80111°N 73.93917°W / 40.80111; -73.93917
Built 1891-93[2][3]
Architect Thom & Wilson
Architectural style Romanesque Revival
NRHP Reference # 80002692[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP April 16, 1980
Designated NYCL August 2, 1967

The Harlem Courthouse at 170 East 121st Street on the corner of Sylvan Place – a remnant of the former Boston Post Road[4] – in the Harlem neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, was built in 1891-93 and was designed by Thom & Wilson in the Romanesque Revival style. The brick, brownstone, bluestone, granite and terra cotta building features gables, archways, an octagonal corner tower and a four-faced clock. It was built for the Police and District Courts, but is now used by other city agencies.

In 1936, during the New Deal, Federal Art Project artist David Karfunkle painted a mural, "Exploitation of Labor and Hoarding of Wealth" on its third floor.[5][6][7]

The city government used the building as a laboratory to measure air pollution. At the time of the 1966 New York City smog, it was the city's only station to measure the air.[8]

The building was designated a New York City landmark in 1967, and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980.

See also[edit]



  1. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ White, Norval; Willensky, Elliot; Leadon, Fran (2010), AIA Guide to New York City (5th ed.), New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 9780195383867 , p.553
  3. ^ New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission; Dolkart, Andrew S. (text); Postal, Matthew A. (text) (2009), Postal, Matthew A., ed., Guide to New York City Landmarks (4th ed.), New York: John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 978-0-470-28963-1 , p.206
  4. ^ Dunlap, David W. (2004). From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-12543-7. , p. 61
  5. ^ http://culturenow.org/entry&permalink=03413&seo=Exploitation-of-Labor-and-Hoarding-of-Wealth_David-Karfunkle
  6. ^ http://www.harlemonestop.com/organization.php?id=687
  7. ^ http://www.nyc.gov/html/dcas/html/resources/man_harlemcourthouse.shtml
  8. ^ Schumach, Murray (November 27, 1966), "Smog Swept Away By Cool Air Mass", The New York Times 

External links[edit]