|Instrumental by Ray Noble Orchestra|
|Composer(s)||Earle Hagen, Dick Rogers|
"Harlem Nocturne" is a jazz standard written by Earle Hagen and Dick Rogers in 1939 for the Ray Noble orchestra, of which they were members. The song was chosen by the big-band leader Randy Brooks the next year as his theme song.
The version by the Viscounts has the distinction of being released twice and rising high on the Billboard charts each time: first in 1959, when it peaked at #53, and again in 1966, peaking at #39 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.
In 1990, the pianist Kofi Wilmot gained popularity in the instrumental world for his cover version from the album of the same name, Harlem Nocturne.
Danny Gatton released a version in 1993 on his album Cruisin' Deuces (Elektra/Rhino).
Some singers have recorded "Harlem Nocturne", adding lyrics. Mel Tormé recorded a version with lyrics for his 1963 album Sings "Sunday In New York" And Other Songs About New York, beginning with "a nocturne for the blues". Sylvia Brooks recorded a different version, arranged by Jeff Colella, on her album Dangerous Liaisons in 2009, starting with "deep music fills the night", which has since been covered. Other vocal versions are by Ernestine Anderson, Carla White, Denise Jannah, Bonnie Bramlett, and Jacintha. Brian Setzer does a version loosely based on the theme called "Hollywood Nocturne".
"Harlem Nocturne" has been recorded by many diverse artists, including:
- The 188.8.131.52's
- Eric Alexander
- Ernestine Anderson
- Ray Anthony
- Georgie Auld
- Sil Austin
- Charlie Barnet
- Bill Black
- Earl Bostic
- Randy Brooks & His Orchestra with Eddie Caine on alto sax
- Chuck Brown & The Soul Searchers
- Les Brown & His Band of Renown
- Billy Butterfield
- Jim Campilongo & The 10 Gallon Cats
- Ace Cannon
- Messer Chups (Russia)
- Jake H. Concepcion (Philippines)
- Jonny Cooper Orchestra (South Africa)
- King Curtis
- Martin Denny
- Mink DeVille
- Sam Donahue
- Lou Donaldson
- Steve Douglas
- Terry Edwards & The Scapegoats (paired in a medley with Lydia Lunch's "Cesspool Called History") 
- Les Elgart
- Booker Ervin
- Harold Faltermeyer
- Herbie Fields
- John Firmin & The Johnny Nocturne Band
- Flat Duo Jets
- Henry Franklin with Azar Lawrence
- Danny Gatton
- Ray Gelato & The Chevalier Brothers
- Glen Gray
- Richard Greene & The Greene String Quartet
- Bill Haley and His Comets (performed live)
- Eddie Harris
- Ted Heath (UK)
- Woody Herman
- Illinois Jacquet
- Willis Jackson
- Harry James
- Quincy Jones
- Dick Jurgens
- Bill Justis
- Stan Kenton
- The Knickerbockers
- Robby Krieger
- Michael Lington (Denmark) 
- John Lurie & The Lounge Lizards
- Ken Mackintosh (UK)
- Herbie Mann
- Freddy McCoy
- Big Jay McNeely
- Glenn Miller Orchestra
- Sonny Moorman
- Charlie Musselwhite
- New York Ska-Jazz Ensemble
- Ray Noble
- Johnny Otis & His Orchestra with Rene Bloch on alto sax and Bill Doggett on piano
- Sue Palmer & Her Motel Swing Orchestra
- Bill Perkins with Frank Strazzeri
- Louis Prima with Sam Butera & The Witnesses
- Quartet San Francisco
- Boots Randolph
- Eric Reed
- The Reese Project
- Johnny Reno & The Sax Maniacs
- David Rose & His Orchestra with Woody Herman on alto sax
- The Rumblers
- Oliver Sain
- David Sanborn
- Bryan Savage
- Shadowy Men on a Shadowy Planet
- Norman Simmons
- Sonny Stitt
- Mel Taylor & The Magics
- Sam "The Man" Taylor
- Toots Thielemans
- Mel Tormé
- Ulrich Tukur & Die Rhythmus Boys (Germany)
- The Ventures
- The Viscounts
- Jerry Vivino
- Carla White with Lew Tabackin
- Mark Whitfield
- Kofi Wilmot
- Edgar Winter
- "'Andy Griffith' Composer Dies at 88". CNN. May 27, 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-06-18. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
- Marsh, Dave (1999). The Heart of Rock & Soul: The 1001 Greatest Singles Ever Made. De Capo Press. p. 610. ISBN 978-0-306-80901-9.
- Joel Whitburn, The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits. 7th edn, 2000.
- McLellan, Dennis (May 28, 2008). "Television Composer Earle Hagen Wrote Memorable Tunes". Seattle Times. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
- The New Mike Hammer on IMDb
- "Harlem Nocturne Overview". Allmusic.com.
- Dangerous Liaisons at AllMusic
- "42 Versions of Harlem Nocturne", WFMU's Beward of the Blog, May 29, 2008.
- Gress, Jesse (2006). Guitarevolution: Lessons from the Groundbreakers & Innovators. CMP Media. p. 84. ISBN 0-87930-868-0.
- "Michael Lington Overview". Allmusic.com.
- "Time Again Overview". Allmusic.com.
- "Time Again – David Sanborn". JazzTimes.com.