Harlequin print is a repeating pattern of contrasting diamonds or elongated squares standing on end.
A harlequin is character from Commedia dell'arte, a 16th-century Italian theater movement. Harlequins were witty, mischievous clowns. Their early costumes were sewn together from fabric scraps. Over time, the diamond pattern became associated with harlequins.
Harlequin fabric was popularized in 1944 when Adele Simpson presented the harlequin print in a bold diamond design on the town suits she created. It was also featured in green and white with a green jacket and a black skirt.
Also in 1949, Louella Ballerino employed a harlequin print motif in the jester blouse "sun and fun" fashions she made popular. The design appeared along with pointed collars, tipped with buttons reminiscent of bells, and jagged points which sometimes adorned an apron overskirt.
In August 1950, Fashion Frocks of Cincinnati, Ohio marketed a white piqué dress, with an exaggerated side drape, in a red, white, and black harlequin print piqué, It was sold directly to homes by housewife representatives.
A sports costume In a harlequin print topped by bright orange received the most applause at a Simplicity Patterns Fashion Show at Sulzberger Junior High School, in March 1955. Presented by Norma Riseman, the orange wraparound blouse was one of many colorful fashions modeled for teenagers.
In June 1955 a silk dress at Peck & Peck had white, pink, and blue tints of harlequin print. The colors and diamond motif were embellished when worn together with a white cashmere sweater highlighted by spangles.
Harlequin print became particularly popular in the 1960s, appearing on underwear, umbrellas, pajamas, ski wear, maternity clothes, and hosiery. A 1962 Picasso retrospective in New York fueled the trend.
1990s and 2000s
Beene and Rowley employed harlequin prints in their fashion designs presented at spring fashion week in November 1996.
At the 2001 Ebony Fashion Fair designer Oscar de la Renta presented a multicolored harlequin print silk charmeuse gown with a skirt fashioned with accordion pleats and a halter top with a gold neck ring.
Mardi gras (Pierrot and Harlequin) by Paul Cézanne
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- "Designer Studies Small-Town Needs", New York Times, January 30, 1944, pg. 36.
- "California Styles Exhibited Before 400 At Breakfast", Los Angeles Times, October 26, 1949, Pg. B1.
- "Fashion-Of-Week", Philadelphia Tribune, August 29, 1950, pg. 8.
- "Table Settings And Mats On View", New York Times, September 10, 1952, pg. 24.
- "'54 Decorator Ideas: Old Fashioned Accessories", Washington Post, July 8, 1954, pg. 45.
- "Sulzberger Previews Cute Spring Fashions", Philadelphia Tribune, March 8, 1955, pg. 6.
- "Decorated Sweaters Keep in trim with the Dress", New York Times, June 27, 1955, pg. 24.
- "Merry Pranksters". FIDM Museum Blog. Retrieved 2016-11-29.
- "New York designers say sheer styles will rule", Philadelphia Tribune, November 8, 1996, pg. 2C.
- "New York", Ebony, May 2001, pg. 146.