Harlow (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Harlow
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Harlow in Essex.
Outline map
Location of Essex within England.
County Essex
Electorate 67,700 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1974 (1974)
Member of parliament Robert Halfon (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Epping
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency East of England

Harlow is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Robert Halfon, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1974-1983: The Urban District of Harlow, and in the Rural District of Epping and Ongar the civil parishes of Magdalen Laver, Matching, Nazeing, North Weald Bassett, Roydon, and Sheering.

1983-1997: The District of Harlow, and the District of Epping Forest wards of Nazeing, North Weald Bassett, Roydon, and Sheering.

1997-2010: The District of Harlow, and the District of Epping Forest wards of Nazeing, Roydon, and Sheering.

2010-present: The District of Harlow, and the District of Epping Forest wards of Hastingwood, Matching and Sheering Village, Lower Nazeing, Lower Sheering, and Roydon.

History[edit]

This seat was created in 1974 from the former seat of Epping, and until changes introduced in time for the 2010 election, included part of the electoral ward of Broadley Common, Epping Upland and Nazeing.[2]

Constituency profile[edit]

The seat has been a bellwether since the result in 1983. Included are above county-average levels of social housing,[3] underemployment and unemployment as at the 2001 census and the associated 2000 Index of Multiple Deprivation;[4] however, the new town has brought growth sustained in part by more commuting, with an increasingly-used and separate Mill station in the London Commuter Belt, and has seen a 9.2% increase in the number of apartments to 2011, which brings the proportion of the housing market made up by flats and apartments to 23.8%.[3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
Feb 1974 Stan Newens Labour
1983 Jerry Hayes Conservative
1997 Bill Rammell Labour
2010 Robert Halfon Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2017: Harlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Halfon[6] 24,230 54.0 +5.2
Labour Phil Waite 17,199 38.3 +8.4
UKIP Mark Gough 1,787 4.0 −12.3
Liberal Democrat Geoffrey Seef 970 2.2 +0.1
Green Hannah Clare 660 1.5 −0.7
Majority 7,031 15.6 −3.3
Turnout 44,846 66.2 +1.1
Conservative hold Swing −1.6
General Election 2015: Harlow[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Halfon 21,623 48.9 +4.0
Labour Suzy Stride 13,273 30.0 −3.7
UKIP Sam Stopplecamp 7,208 16.3 +12.7
Green Murray Sackwild 954 2.2 N/A
Liberal Democrat Geoffrey Seeff 904 2.0 −11.6
TUSC David Brown 174 0.4 N/A
English Democrat Eddy Butler 115 0.3 N/A
Majority 8,350 18.9 +7.7
Turnout 44,251 65.1 ±0.0
Conservative hold Swing +3.9
General Election 2010: Harlow[9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Halfon 19,691 44.9 +4.1
Labour Bill Rammell 14,766 33.7 −7.7
Liberal Democrat David White 5,990 13.7 +0.7
BNP Eddy Butler 1,739 4.0 N/A
UKIP John Croft 1,591 3.6 +1.1
Christian Oluyemi Adeeko 101 0.2 +0.2
Majority 4,925 11.2
Turnout 43,878 65.1 +2.7
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +5.9

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Harlow[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bill Rammell 16,453 41.4 −6.4
Conservative Robert Halfon 16,356 41.2 +6.4
Liberal Democrat Lorna Spenceley 5,002 12.6 −0.8
UKIP John Felgate 981 2.5 −0.5
Veritas Anthony Bennett 941 2.4 N/A
Majority 97 0.2
Turnout 39,733 62.6 +2.9
Labour hold Swing −6.4
General Election 2001: Harlow[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bill Rammell 19,169 47.8 −6.3
Conservative Robert Halfon 13,941 34.8 +2.7
Liberal Democrat Lorna Spenceley 5,381 13.4 +4.0
UKIP Tony Bennett 1,223 3.0 +2.3
Socialist Alliance John Hobbs 401 1.0 N/A
Majority 5,228 13.0
Turnout 40,115 59.7 −14.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Harlow[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Bill Rammell 25,861 54.1 +12.3
Conservative Jerry Hayes 15,347 32.1 −14.9
Liberal Democrat Lorna Spenceley 4,523 9.5 −1.8
Referendum Mark Wells 1,422 3.0 N/A
UKIP Gerard Batten 340 0.7 N/A
BNP John Bowles 319 0.7 N/A
Majority 10,514 22.0
Turnout 47,812
Labour gain from Conservative Swing
General Election 1992: Harlow[14][15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jerry Hayes 26,608 47.0 −0.2
Labour Bill Rammell 23,668 41.8 +5.2
Liberal Democrat Lorna Spenceley 6,375 11.3 −4.9
Majority 2,940 5.2
Turnout 56,651 82.6
Conservative hold Swing −2.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Harlow[16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jerry Hayes 26,017 47.2 +6.1
Labour Stanley Newens 20,140 36.6 +2.3
Social Democratic Monica Eden-Green 8,915 16.2 −8.0
Majority 5,877 10.7
Turnout 55,072 74.1 −2.4
Conservative hold Swing +1.9
General Election 1983: Harlow[17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Jerry Hayes 21,924 41.1 +1.0
Labour Stanley Newens 18,250 34.2 −8.5
Liberal John Bastick 12,891 24.2 +8.6
Independent John Ward 256 0.5 N/A
Majority 3,674 6.9
Turnout 53,321 76.5 −2.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +4.8

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Harlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stanley Newens 22,698 42.7 −10.0
Conservative John Powley 21,306 40.1 +15.8
Liberal Robert Woodthorpe Browne 8,289 15.7 −7.4
Majority 1,392 2.6
Turnout 53,133 78.7 +3.5
Labour hold Swing −12.9
General Election October 1974: Harlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stanley Newens 24,961 52.7 +3.2
Conservative James Emerton Smith 11,510 24.3 −0.7
Liberal Basil Goldstone 10,869 23.0 −2.5
Majority 13,451 28.4
Turnout 47,340 75.2 −8.7
Labour hold Swing +2.0
General Election February 1974: Harlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stanley Newens 25,814 49.5 −11.4
Liberal Basil Goldstone 13,280 25.5 +25.5
Conservative James Emerton Smith 13,016 25.0 −14.1
Majority 12,534 24.1
Turnout 52,110 83.9 +10.0
Labour win (new seat)
General Election 1970 (Notional): Harlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour 29,453 60.9
Conservative 18,880 39.1
Majority 10,573 21.8
Turnout 48,333 72.9
Labour hold Swing
Preceded by
Epping
UK Parliament constituency
1974–
Succeeded by
Current Incumbent

Graphical representation[edit]

February 1974 New Seat
49.5% 25.5% 25.0%
Labour Liberal Conservative
October 1974
52.7% 23.0% 24.3%
Labour Liberal Conservative
1979
42.7% 15.7% 40.1%
Labour Liberal Conservative
1983
34.2% 24.2% 41.1%
Labour Liberal Conservative
1987
36.6% 16.2% 47.2%
Labour SDP Conservative
1992
41.8% 11.3% 47.0%
Labour Lib Dems Conservative
1997
54.1% 9.5% 32.1% 3.0%
Labour Lib Dems Conservative Ref
2001
47.8% 13.4% 34.8% 3.0%
Labour Lib Dems Conservative UKIP
2005
41.4% 12.6% 41.2%
Labour Lib Dems Conservative
2010
33.7% 13.7% 44.9% 3.6% 4.0%
Labour Lib Dems Conservative UKIP BNP
2015
30.0% 48.9% 16.3%
Labour Conservative UKIP
2017
38.4% 54.0% 4.0%
Labour Conservative UKIP

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  2. ^ pp308-308 Fifth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies
  3. ^ a b 2011 census interactive maps 31.2% of property is socially rented, higher than the other districts in Essex Archived 29 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine.
  4. ^ 2001 Census
  5. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)
  6. ^ [1]
  7. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  8. ^ "Harlow Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. 8 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
  9. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  10. ^ Statement of Persons Nominated Harlow Council
  11. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  12. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  13. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  14. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  15. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  16. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  17. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°46′N 0°05′E / 51.77°N 0.09°E / 51.77; 0.09