Harmonization (standards)

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Harmonization is the process of minimizing redundant or conflicting standards which may have evolved independently.[1][2]

The name is an analogy to the process to harmonizing discordant music.

The goal is to find commonalities, identify critical requirements that need to be retained, and provide a common standard. For businesses, harmonization cuts compliance costs and simplifies the process of meeting requirements. It also reduces complexity for those tasked with testing and auditing standards compliance.

Harmonization of regulatory standards is seen by economists as a key component in reducing trade costs and increasing interstate trade.[3]

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  1. ^ Pelkmans, J. (1987). "The New Approach to Technical Harmonization and Standardization". JCMS: Journal of Common Market Studies. 25 (3): 249–269. doi:10.1111/j.1468-5965.1987.tb00294.x.
  2. ^ Beeler, G. W. (1998). "HL7 Version 3–An object-oriented methodology for collaborative standards development (Presented at the International Medical Informatics Association Working Group 16 Conference on Standardisation in Medical Informatics–Towards International Consensus and Cooperation, Bermuda, 12 September 1997)". International Journal of Medical Informatics. 48 (1–3): 151–61. doi:10.1016/S1386-5056(97)00121-4. PMID 9600415.
  3. ^ Schmidt, Julia; Steingress, Walter (2022). "No double standards: Quantifying the impact of standard harmonization on trade". Journal of International Economics. doi:10.1016/j.jinteco.2022.103619. ISSN 0022-1996.

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