Harnaut

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Harnaut
हरनौत
city
Sunset view of Harnaut.jpeg
Harnaut is located in Bihar
Harnaut
Harnaut
Coordinates: 25°22′10″N 85°31′55″E / 25.36944°N 85.53194°E / 25.36944; 85.53194Coordinates: 25°22′10″N 85°31′55″E / 25.36944°N 85.53194°E / 25.36944; 85.53194
Country  India
State Bihar
Region Magadha
District Nalanda
Government
 • MLA Harinarayan Singh
 • DM Dr. Thiyagarajan SM, IAS
Elevation 47 m (154 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 176,140
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Magadhi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 803110
Telephone code +91-06112
Vehicle registration BR 21
Sex ratio 1.08(1000/914)[1] /
Literacy 78.32%
Coastline 0 kilometres (0 mi)
Nearest city Gaya, Rajgir, Patna
Lok Sabha constituency Nalanda
Website http://nalanda.bih.nic.in/

Harnaut is a city in Nalanda district of Bihar state, India. Harnaut is the entrance city of Nalanda. The Hinduism, buddhist and Jain pilgrim centres of Vaishali, Rajgir, Nalanda, Bodh Gaya, and Pawapuri are nearby this city Harnaut. Chief minister of bihar mr.Nitish kumar is from Harnaut.

Geography And Climate[edit]

Geography[edit]

It is located at at an elevation of 43 m above MSL.[2] Harnaut is one of the most prominent block of Nalanda district. It is gate city of Nalanda.It is located 55 km from Patna, the capital of Bihar state. It is 23 km from the Ruins of Nalanda. It is situated at bank of River Panchanan. The land of Harnaut is very fertile. Alluvial soil is mostly deposited by several rivers of this area. There are many local rivers such as Dhoba, Panchanan, etc. Holy river Ganges is passed through near by 10 km.

Climate[edit]

Harnaut evening in spring
weather in rainey season

It is Hot in summer. Harnaut summer highest day temperature is in between 25 °C to 42 °C . Average temperatures of January is 13 °C, February is 19 °C, March is 25 °C, April is 30 °C, May is 32 °C .

Harnaut
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
20
 
 
23
9
 
 
12
 
 
26
12
 
 
11
 
 
33
17
 
 
9.6
 
 
37
22
 
 
37
 
 
38
25
 
 
150
 
 
37
27
 
 
314
 
 
33
26
 
 
273
 
 
33
26
 
 
205
 
 
32
25
 
 
71
 
 
32
22
 
 
7.5
 
 
29
15
 
 
6.7
 
 
25
10
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: worldweather[3] wetterkontor.de[4]

Overview[edit]

Chief minister of Bihar, Mr. Nitish Kumar has been elected many times as MLA from Harnaut legislative assembly seat. His native village Kalyan Bigha is 4 km north-west of Haranut. River muhane passes 1 km west of the city. At present this city do not have municipality, but it is under Sabnahua panchayat. People of city are demanding to make it a subdivision. Population of city is nearly around 176140. This beautiful city is divided into many parts : Harnaut Beech Bazar, NH 30A ,NH 31,Harnaut station-kalyanbigha Rd and Harnaut-athmalgola Rd. Administrative offices are in Dakbanglow Road. Dakbanglow Road is linked to High School Harnaut, Middle School Harnaut, many tuition centres, a big play ground and guest house. Beech Bazar(central market Rd) and Cheran Rd is the commercial area of Harnaut.This city is linked to several small roads like- Sartha Rd, dehra Rd, swedah Rd, Dwarka bigha Rd, Gokulpur Rd etc. A small bus stand and a green grocery is located just besides the NH 31. There is a Carriage Repair Workshop under East Central Railway at NH 30A for POH of 50 Non-AC coaches per month.

Economy[edit]

Banks

Agriculture is the main source of income, with rice, wheat, pulses, fruits and vegetables being the main crop. There is also one railway coach factory located in Harnaut.Agriculture is the prime activity although tourism in nearby places like Nalanda, Rajgir and Pawapuri boosts economy of this town very much. This town supplies agricultural products like cauliflower, potato, mustard seed and other vegetables to neighbouring states. Although the economy is mainly based on agriculture products, and garments are also manufactured at household industries. And for the help of farmer there is krishi vigyan kendra, Harnaut who provide help to the people of Nalanda district.

Education[edit]

Schools

  • Loyola school Run By Catholic Church Archdiocese Patna

Loyola school

  • St.paul's English school
  • G.S.M public school
  • Kendriya Vidyalaya, CRW
  • D.P.S English school
  • D.A.V public school
  • Swami Vivekananda High School
  • Project Girls High School
  • Government High School
  • AnandMarg High School
  • Ramrati Kamla Kanya Vidyalya
  • Don Bosco public school
  • Shanti Vidya Kendra
  • Saraswati sishu vidya Mandir
  • Patliputra school
  • New Cambrige High School

Colleges

  • R.P.S College
  • G.D.M College
  • Ganga memorial college of polytechnic
main gate of GMP college

Colleges are under Magadha University, Patna University and one of the most historical University Nalanda University .

Culture[edit]

  1. Durga Puja.
  2. A murti, or representation, of the goddess Durga shown during the Durga Puja.
  3. Holi celebrations children celebrating holi festival of colours
    .
  4. Homes, such as above, and buildings are decorated with festive lights for Diwali
    .

Location[edit]

It's gateway city of Nalanda. NH 30A passes through Harnaut. Nearest airport is Patna Airport. NH 31 also passes through the city.Most of one popular area srichandpur near railway station. City with a major road and rail network.

Transport and connectivity[edit]

Harnaut is well connected by roads to different cities. NH 30A connect Varanasi, Patna via Fatuha to sheikhpura district, Barbigha, Barh, Deoghar etc. Harnaut thus serves as the gateway of the district Nalanda to central and southern Bihar. Similarly, NH 31 connects Ranchi via Hazaribagh & Harnaut to northeastern India up to Guwahati.

Harnaut Railway Station for the people of Harnaut. It connects Harnaut with the major cities in India like New delhi, Howrah by the Howrah-Delhi Main Line.Harnaut Railway Station on bakhtiyarpur-Gaya main line. This is firstly bakhtiyarpur-Rajgir Line then line is being further expanded to Natesar to connect with Gaya junction.Harnaut railway is in the Danapur railway division of the East Central Railway zone. Harnaut is well connected with Patna, Rajgir, Biharsharif, Gaya junction, Varanasi cant, Howrah, New Delhi through daily passenger,express and super fast trains in services.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference UA1Lakhandabove was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  2. ^ http://www.fallingrain.com/world/IN/34/Harnaut.html Map and weather of Harnaut
  3. ^ India Meteorological Department 8 May 2015
  4. ^ wetterkontor.de 8 May 2015

External links[edit]