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Harold Budd in Japan
(photo: Masao Nakagami)
|Birth name||Harold Montgomory Budd|
May 24, 1936 |
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Genres||Ambient, drone, avant-garde, neoclassical|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, poet, professor|
|Instruments||Piano, keyboards, guitar|
|Labels||Opal, Land, Darla, Samadhi, New World, All Saints, EG, 4AD|
Harold Montgomory Budd (born May 24, 1936) is an American avant-garde composer and poet. He was born in Los Angeles and raised in the Mojave Desert. He has developed a style of playing piano he terms "soft pedal".
Education and academic career
Budd's career as a composer began in 1962. In the following years, he gained a notable reputation in the local avant-garde community. In 1966, he graduated from the University of Southern California (having studied under Ingolf Dahl) with a degree in musical composition. As he progressed, his compositions became increasingly minimalist. Among his more experimental works were two drone music pieces, "Coeur d'Orr" and "The Oak of the Golden Dreams". After composing a long-form gong solo titled "Lirio", he felt he had reached the limits of his experiments in minimalism and the avant-garde. He retired temporarily from composition in 1970 and began a teaching career at the California Institute of the Arts.
"The road from my first colored graph piece in 1962 to my renunciation of composing in 1970 to my resurfacing as a composer in 1972 was a process of trying out an idea and when it was obviously successful abandoning it. The early graph piece was followed by the Rothko orchestra work, the pieces for Source Magazine, the Feldman-derived chamber works, the pieces typed out or written in longhand, the out-and-out conceptual works among other things, and the model drone works (which include the sax and organ "Coeur d'Orr" and "The Oak of the Golden Dreams", the latter based on the Balinese "Slendro" scale which scale I used again 18 years later on "The Real Dream of Sails").
"In 1970 with the "Candy-Apple Revision" (unspecified D-flat major) and "Lirio" (solo gong "for a long duration") I realized I had minimalized myself out of a career. It had taken ten years to reduce my language to zero but I loved the process of seeing it occur and not knowing when the end would come. By then I had opted out of avant-garde music generally; it seemed self-congratulatory and risk-free and my solution as to what to do next was to do nothing, to stop completely."
"I resurfaced as an artist in 1972 with "Madrigals of the Rose Angel", the first of what would be a cycle of works under the collective title The Pavilion of Dreams. Madrigals refused to accommodate or even acknowledge any issues in new music. The entire aesthetic was an existential prettiness; not the Platonic "to Kalon", but simply pretty: mindless, shallow and utterly devastating. Female chorus, harp and percussion seemed like a beautiful start. Its first performance was at a Franciscan church in California conducted by Daniel Lentz."
Composer and recording artist
Two years later, while still retaining his teaching career, he resurfaced as a composer. Spanning from 1972–1975 he created four individual works under the collective title "The Pavilion of Dreams". The style of these works was an unusual blend of popular jazz and the avant-garde. In 1976 he resigned from the institute and began recording his new compositions, produced by British ambient pioneer Brian Eno. Two years later, Harold Budd's debut album The Pavilion of Dreams was released.
Budd has developed a style of playing piano he terms "soft pedal," which can be described as slow and sustained. While he often gets placed in the Ambient category, he emphatically declares that he is not an Ambient artist, and feels that he got "kidnapped" into the category. His two collaborations with Brian Eno, The Plateaux of Mirror and The Pearl, established his trademark atmospheric piano style. On Lovely Thunder he introduced subtle electronic textures. His thematic 2000 release The Room saw a return to a more minimalist approach. In 2003, Daniel Lanois, the renowned producer of U2 and Bob Dylan, and occasional collaborator with Brian Eno, recorded an impromptu performance of Harold playing the piano in his Los Angeles living room, unaware, and thus realized the album La Bella Vista.
His album Avalon Sutra from 2004 was billed as "Harold Budd's Last Recorded Work" by David Sylvian's independent record label Samadhisound. Their press release continued: "Avalon Sutra brings to a conclusion thirty years of sustained musical activity. Asked for his reasons, Budd says only that he feels that he has said what he has to say. With characteristic humility, he concludes, "I don’t mind disappearing!" A farewell concert retrospective was performed at The Disney Theater/REDCAT in Los Angeles in September 2004 with Budd playing solo and with guests Jon Gibson, Clive Wright and more. It featured music from Budd's "Avalon Sutra", and as far back as "Lirio". A second farewell concert featuring Budd and guest-starring many of the musicians he had worked with throughout his career was presented at Brighton Dome in May 2005, also billed as being Budd's last public performance. In spite of this, Budd's soundtrack to the film Mysterious Skin (a collaboration with Robin Guthrie) and Music for 'Fragments from the Inside' (with Eraldo Bernocchi) were both released in 2005.
In February 2007, Samadhisound released Perhaps, a live recording of Budd's improvised performance at CalArts on December 6, 2006 in tribute to his late friend (and associate teacher at the then newly formed California Institute of Arts) James Tenney.
In April 2007, Samadhisound released a podcast of Harold Budd in conversation with Akira Rabelais. In this (Samadhisound Podcast #2), Harold said although he had believed at the time of recording Avalon Sutra that it would be his last album, he no longer felt that way. "It was a time in my life when things weren't just falling together for me, and I thought that I was just going to let it all slide ... and I was sincere about it but if I had been more conscious of my real feelings and had explored my inner sanctum more I would've seen that it was a preposterous thing to do ... I was dreadfully lonely; I was living alone in the desert and had been for too long, really, and I felt that isolation very severely after a while, and it's probably a version of self-pity, I'm sorry to say, to have publicly said something like that, but there it is, I said it, turns out I wasn't telling the truth – I didn't know it at the time."
In June 2007, Darla Records released two CDs by Robin Guthrie and Harold Budd: After the Night Falls and Before the Day Breaks. Recorded in Spring 2006, each features nine tracks with linked titles, e.g. "How Distant Your Heart"/"How Close Your Soul" and "I Returned Her Glance"/"And Then I Turned Away".
In October 2008, Darla Records released a collaboration with Clive Wright entitled Song for Lost Blossoms. It includes recordings that were done live and in-studio at different locations, including both artists' homes. The album features some of their work done together between 2004 and 2006. A second collaborative effort with Wright, Candylion followed in 2009, again on Darla Records.
In February 2011, Darla Records released a CD album by Robin Guthrie and Harold Budd entitled Bordeaux, recorded in the summer of 2010 in Bordeaux, France and mixed in Guthrie's studio, in Rennes, France.
In November 2011, Eraldo Bernocchi's RareNoiseRecords released a CD album by Eraldo Bernocchi, Harold Budd, Robin Guthrie entitled Winter Garden, recorded in the summer of 2010 in Tuscany, Italy and mixed in Guthrie's studio, in Rennes, France.
- Studio albums
- The Oak of the Golden Dreams / Coeur D'Orr (1970) Advance Recordings
- The Pavilion of Dreams (1978) E.G. Records produced by Brian Eno
- Ambient 2: The Plateaux of Mirror (1980) E.G. Records with Brian Eno
- The Serpent (In Quicksilver) (1981) Cantil
- The Pearl (1984) E.G. Records with Brian Eno
- Abandoned Cities (1984) Cantil
- Lovely Thunder (1986) E.G. Records produced by Michael Hoenig
- The White Arcades (1988) Opal Records produced by Brian Eno
- Agua (1989) Opal Records recorded live at the Lanzarote Music Festival
- By the Dawn's Early Light (1991) Opal Records with Bill Nelson, B.J. Cole, Susan Allen
- Music for Three Pianos (1992) All Saints Records with Ruben Garcia and Daniel Lentz
- She Is a Phantom (1994) New Albion with Zeitgeist
- Through the Hill (1994) All Saints Records with Andy Partridge
- Luxa (1996) All Saints Records
- Walk into My Voice: American Beat Poetry (1996) Materiali Sonori with Daniel Lentz & Jessica Karraker
- Fenceless Night: Selections for Cinema 1980–1998 compilation, promotional only (1998) Polygram
- The Room (2000) Atlantic Records
- Three White Roses & A Budd (2002) Twentythree Records with Bill Nelson & Fila Brazillia
- Jah Wobble's Solaris – Live in Concert (2002) 30 Hertz Records with Jah Wobble, Graham Haynes, Jaki Liebezeit & Bill Laswell
- La Bella Vista (2003) Shout Factory
- Translucence/Drift Music (2003) Edsel Records with John Foxx
- Avalon Sutra / As Long as I Can Hold My Breath 2-CD digipak (2004) Samadhisound produced by Harold Budd
- Mysterious Skin – Music from the Film (2005) Commotion Records/Rykodisc with Robin Guthrie
- Music for 'Fragments from the Inside' (2005) Sub Rosa with Eraldo Bernocchi
- Perhaps (2007) Samadhisound
- Bourgeois Magnetic EP (2007) [Eugene Bowen] Cantil
- After the Night Falls (2007) Darla Records with Robin Guthrie
- Before the Day Breaks (2007) Darla Records with Robin Guthrie
- A Song for Lost Blossoms (2008) Darla Records with Clive Wright
- Candylion (2009) Darla Records with Clive Wright
- Little Windows (2010) Darla Records with Clive Wright
- Nighthawks, Translucence and Drift Music 37-track, 3-CD digipak (2011) Edsel Records with John Foxx
- Bordeaux (2011) Darla Records with Robin Guthrie
- Winter Garden (2011) RareNoiseRecords with Robin Guthrie & Eraldo Bernocchi
- In the Mist (2011) Darla Records
- Bandits of Stature (2012) Darla Records, P Toyon Music (BMI), distributed in the US by Caroline Records, Inc.
- Jane 1–11 (2013) Darla Records
- Wind in Lonely Fences 1970 – 2011 18-track, 2-CD digipak (2013) All Saints Records with Cocteau Twins and Robin Guthrie, John Foxx, & Brian Eno
- Buddbox anthology box set containing 7 hard-to-find and critically acclaimed albums (2013) All Saints Records
- Jane 12–21 (2014) Darla Records
- White Bird in a Blizzard (2014) Lakeshore Records with Robin Guthrie
- Nicolas Slonimsky; Laura Kuhn; Dennis McIntire (January 1, 2001). Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians (9th ed.). Schirmer Books. ISBN 9780028655253. Retrieved March 2, 2015 – via HighBeam Research. (subscription required (. ))
- from the 1988 CD The White Arcades
- Budd, Harold, excerpt from liner notes for The Pavilion of Dreams, dated Los Angeles, October 1991
- Hoffer, Jason; Harold Budd. "Drinking Scotch, smoking cigarettes, and hanging out with Feldman, Rothko and Budd" (audio (mp3)). 9:00: Going Thru Vinyl Ltd. Retrieved September 21, 2012.
- "Other Minds". otherminds.org.
- Harold Budd Home page
- New Albion Records Harold Budd page
- Samadhisound Harold Budd page
- Ambience for the Masses Harold Budd page
- Books Tell You Why Harold Budd: His Life & Works
- Harold Budd: American Vision article from Sound on Sound magazine
- soundNET Concert Archives A rare live performance of works by Harold Budd (September 18, 2004) [streaming QuickTime audio]
- Somnambule Review of Harold Budd "Farewell Concert" at Brighton Dome (May 21, 2005)
- Harold Budd: Harold in May article from The Independent (May 8, 2005)
- Audio interview with Going Thru Vinyl (Part 1) (May 3, 2012)
- Audio interview with Going Thru Vinyl (Part 2) (May 3, 2012)