|Judge of United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit|
|Nominated by||Harry S. Truman|
|Preceded by||Learned Hand|
|Succeeded by||Henry Friendly|
|Judge of United States District Court for the Southern District of New York|
|Nominated by||Harry S. Truman|
|Preceded by||Samuel Mandelbaum|
|Born||Harold Raymond Medina
February 16, 1888
Brooklyn, New York
|Died||March 14, 1990
Westwood, New Jersey
Harold Raymond Medina, Sr. (February 16, 1888 – March 14, 1990) was an American lawyer, teacher and judge who is most noted for hearing landmark cases of conspiracy and treason.
Medina was born in Brooklyn, New York to Joaquin Adolfo Medina and Elizabeth Fash Medina. His father was a naturalized United States citizen from Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico, and his mother from New York of Dutch ancestry. Medina graduated from Holbrook Military Academy in Ossining, New York in 1905. After high school, he attended Princeton University and graduated Phi Beta Kappa with an A.B. degree in 1909. He received a L.L.B. degree from Columbia Law School, where he graduated as co-head of his class in 1912. He married Ethel Forde Hillyer in 1911.
Medina became a prominent Manhattan attorney between the two World Wars by virtue of his teaching, scholarship and private practice. He was also the founder[clarification needed] of a popular bar examination course.
In 1947 President Harry S. Truman nominated Medina to serve as a federal judge in the Southern District of New York. In 1949, he presided over the trial of 11 leaders of the U.S. Communist Party charged with advocating the violent overthrow of the government. This was known as Foley Square trial. In this case, the jury found all the defendants guilty, and Medina sentenced most of them to five years in prison. He also gave prison sentences to five of the defense attorneys on charges of contempt of court; among them was George William Crockett Jr., who later became a Member of Congress.
Medina presided over the year-long Investment Bankers Case in 1951-1952, an antitrust case against 17 of the most prominent Wall Street investment banking firms, known as the Wall Street Seventeen. He ruled in favor of the investment banks.
Medina succeeded Learned Hand on the Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit in 1953 and served on it until 1980, when (at age 92) he was the oldest judge still serving on the federal bench. He achieved senior status in 1958.
In 1957, Medina received an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Elizabethtown College located in Elizabethtown, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania. (Source: 1957 Conestogan Yearbook, Elizabethtown College)
J. Woodford Howard, Jr., professor of political science emeritus at The Johns Hopkins University, along with Professor Patrick Schmidt of Macalester College and Professor David Yalof of the University of Connecticut, are currently completing an authorized biography of Medina.
The Harold R. Medina Professorship of Procedural Jurisprudence at Columbia University School of Law is named in Judge Medina's honor.
- Staff. "Harold Medina, U.S. Judge, Dies at 102", The New York Times, March 16, 1990. Accessed October 28, 2015. "Harold R. Medina, a Federal judge for more than three decades, who achieved lasting fame for his handling of the trial of 11 Communist leaders in the 1940's, died in his sleep on Wednesday at Pascack Valley Hospital in Westwood, N.J., where he was admitted on Monday with a slight fever, his grandson Standish Forde Medina Jr. said. Judge Medina was 102 years old. Judge Medina, who retired from the bench at the age of 92, lived at the Valley Nursing Home in Westwood."
- Memorials: Harold R. Medina '09, Princeton Alumni Weekly (Sept. 12, 1990).
- Vile, John R. Great American Judges: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. pp. 519–529. ISBN 978-1-57607-989-8.
- National Constitution Center - Centuries of Citizenship - Harold Raymond Medina presides over trial of eleven U.S. Communist Party leaders
- A financial history of the United States Vol. 3. M.E. Sharpe, 2002
- Nothing Short of Criminal. Time Magazine, Mar. 17, 1952
- Trustbusters' Retreat. Time Magazine, Dec. 3, 1951
- Harold Medina at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.