Harold Robert Buckley

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Harold Robert Buckley
Captain Harold Robert Buckley.jpg
Captain Harold Robert Buckley, 95th Aero Squadron
Born 4 April 1896
Westfield, Massachusetts, United States
Died 13 June 1958
Rigby, Idaho, USA
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch United States Army Ambulance Service
Air Service, United States Army
Years of service 1917 - 1918
Rank Captain
Unit

Andover Ambulance Unit
Air Service, United States Army

Battles/wars World War I Victory Medal ribbon.svg World War I
Awards Distinguished Service Cross with Oak Leaf Cluster, French Croix de Guerre

Captain Harold Robert Buckley was a World War I flying ace credited with five aerial victories.[1]

World War I service[edit]

Buckley was one of the American pilots who came to aviation via an ambulance service. Once in France, he joined the U.S. Army Air Service in Paris. He found himself assigned to the 95th Aero Squadron in March 1918. Between 30 May and 27 September 1918,[1] he downed four enemy airplanes and an observation balloon.[2]

Post World War I[edit]

When the war ended, Buckley stayed in Paris. He wrote an unofficial history of the 95th Aero called Squadron 95 in 1933; fellow squadron member Lansing Holden illustrated it.[2] The book has been in publication as recently as 1972.[3]

Honors and awards[edit]

Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)

The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Harold Robert Buckley, First Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action near Perle, France, August 10, 1918. Lieutenant Buckley was on a patrol protecting a French biplane observation machine, when they were suddenly set upon by six enemy planes. Lieutenant Buckley attacked and destroyed the nearest, and the remainder fled into their own territory. He then carried on with his mission until he had escorted the allied plane safely to its own aerodrome.[4]

Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) Oak Leaf Cluster

The Distinguished Service Cross is presented to Harold Robert Buckley, First Lieutenant (Air Service), U.S. Army, for extraordinary heroism in action near Neville, France, and Boureuilles, France, September 16–27, 1918. Lieutenant Buckley dived through a violent and heavy antiaircraft and machine-gun fire and set on fire an enemy balloon that was being lowered to its nest. On the next day, while leading a patrol, he met and sent down in flames an enemy plane while it was engaged in reglage work.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Harold Robert Buckley". www.theaerodrome.com. Retrieved 2016-05-15. 
  2. ^ a b American Aces of World War I. p. 70. 
  3. ^ Buckley, Harold (1972-01-01). Squadron 95. Ayer Company Pub. ISBN 9780405037542. 
  4. ^ a b (General Orders No. 138, W.D., 1919) http://www.theaerodrome.com/aces/usa/buckley.php Retrieved on 24 June 2010.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]