Harold W. Dodds
|Harold W. Dodds|
|Born||Harold Willis Dodds
June 28, 1889
|Died||October 25, 1980
Hightstown, New Jersey
|Education||B.A. Grove City College
M.A. Princeton University
Ph.D. University of Pennsylvania
|Alma mater||Grove City College, Princeton University, University of Pennsylvania|
|Title||President of Princeton University|
|Predecessor||John Grier Hibben|
|Successor||Robert F. Goheen|
Harold Willis Dodds (June 28, 1889 – October 25, 1980) was the fifteenth President of Princeton University.
Early life and education
Dodds was born on June 28, 1889 in Utica, Pennsylvania, the son of a professor of Bible Studies at Grove City College. After receiving his bachelor's degree at Grove City College in 1909 and teaching public school for two years, he received his MA at Princeton in 1914 and his PhD at the University of Pennsylvania in 1917. After receiving his PhD, he married Margaret Murray.
Before joining Princeton faculty
Dodds served in the U.S. Food Administration during World War I. After the war, he taught at Western Reserve University, then became the secretary of the National Municipal League until 1928. In this position, he met Charles Evans Hughes, who was president of the league at that time. Hughes introduced him to electoral problems in Latin America. Dodds soon became an advisor to the President of Nicaragua, helping to draft the electoral law of 1923 and supervise elections in 1928, and also became involved in the electoral law of other Latin American nations.
In 1925, Dodds joined Princeton as a professor of politics and became a full professor in 1927. In 1930, he was appointed the first chair of the School of Public and International Affairs, which is now commonly known as the Woodrow Wilson School. He was appointed president in 1933 during the midst of the Great Depression, and continued serving as president until 1957. He was a very popular president throughout his tenure.
During Dodds's tenure, the university faced many hardships. The Great Depression caused great financial uncertainty, leading Dodds to establish annual giving. Although the program started out modestly, it soon became a major source of income for the university. Also, during World War II, Princeton established an accelerated program to allow students to graduate early to join the armed forces. Despite facing the Great Depression and two wars, the university continued to grow during this period, adding four new departments in aeronautical engineering, Near Eastern studies, religion, and music.
During a two-year period from 1946 to 1947, the bicentennial anniversary of Princeton was being celebrated. During this time, there were three major convocations and almost continuous conferences. Dodds established bicentennial preceptorships to allow young faculty members to spend a year in research.
Dodds was a trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation from 1936 to 1955.
- Excerpt from A Princeton Companion
- Presidents of Princeton
- "The Quiet One", TIME Magazine, 6 July 1953. Accessed 28 May 2008.
- Rockefeller Foundation Reports, 1936-1955, available on RockefellerFoundation.org (example)
- Farber, M. A. "Harold W. Dodds, 91, Former Princeton President; A Test of Principles First Taught High School Helped Student Move", The New York Times, 26 October 1980. Accessed March 3, 2008.
John Grier Hibben
|President of Princeton University
Robert F. Goheen
|Non-profit organization positions|
|President of the National Municipal League
Clarence A. Dykstra