Haroldston St. Issell's

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Haroldston St Issells
St Issell's Church, Haroldston - geograph.org.uk - 1202858.jpg
St Issell's Church, Haroldston
Haroldston St Issells is located in Pembrokeshire
Haroldston St Issells
Haroldston St Issells
Location within Pembrokeshire
Population1,103 
OS grid referenceSM945144
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townHAVERFORDWEST
Postcode districtSA61
Dialling code01437
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire
51°47′N 4°59′W / 51.79°N 4.98°W / 51.79; -4.98Coordinates: 51°47′N 4°59′W / 51.79°N 4.98°W / 51.79; -4.98

Haroldston St Issells is a former parish[1] in Pembrokeshire, Wales, on the upper reaches of the Western Cleddau, 1 mile (1.6 km) southeast of Haverfordwest. Its area is 1,104 acres (447 ha); Haroldston church is co-located with Lower Haroldston and is a small attractive building. Haroldston ruins and Lower Haroldston can both be viewed from a circular walk along the banks of the Cleddau. Haroldston and other places in the parish are preserved as historic place names by the Royal Commission.[2]

History[edit]

Manor[edit]

Haroldston Manor was the seat of firstly the Harold family and then the Perrot family,[3] including Sir John Perrot,[4] thought to be the illegitimate son of Henry VIII. It appears (as Harroldston) on a 1578 parish map of Pembrokeshire.[5] Upper and Lower Haroldston are two ancient farmhouses that were probably part of the Haroldston estate. Lower Haroldston is still a working farm, whilst Upper Haroldston is a domestic dwelling. Haroldstone House, described by Coflein as "once one of the grandest houses in the county of Pembrokeshire" is now a ruin, but its origins are medieval,[6] going back at least to the 12th century.[7]

In 1643, Haroldston was garrisoned by Royalist troops with the presumed support of Herbert Perrot. The following year he changed sides, risking the destruction of his property, but the King's cause faltered. By the restoration, he had changed sides again and was knighted.[8]

Population[edit]

The population of the parish reported in 1833 was 304.[4] In 1872, it was reported as 281, in 59 houses.[9]

Mining[edit]

Ochre was mined at Greenhill Ochre Mine to the south south east of Merlins Bridge from 1911 until about 1915, then abandoned by 1919. In 1994 it was excavated to bedrock level for capping to safeguard Haverfordwest building expansion.[10]

Records[edit]

The records of Haroldston, St Issell and Hamlet of St Thomas Parish Council are held by Pembrokeshire Archives and Local Studies.[11] Dyfed Family History Society is the repository for the records of the parish church.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "GENUKI: Parish map 89". Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  2. ^ "RCAHMW: List of historic place names: Harolston St Issells". Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  3. ^ "Dictionary of Welsh Biography: Perrot family of Haroldston". Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  4. ^ a b "GENUKI: Haroldston St Issells". Retrieved 30 December 2018.
  5. ^ "Penbrok comitat". British Library. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  6. ^ "Coflein: Haroldston House". Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  7. ^ "The History of Parliament: Perrot (Parret), John of Haroldston". Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  8. ^ "Pembrokeshire Historical Society: The Archive and Pembrokeshire 'Connection'of the Pakingtons of Westwood". Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  9. ^ "University of Portsmouth, History of Haroldston St Issell in Pembrokeshire: A Vision of Britain through Time". Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  10. ^ Claughton, Peter (1999). A List of Mines in Pembrokeshire. Exeter University.
  11. ^ "National Archives: Haroldston, St Issell and Hamlet of St Thomas Parish Council 1962-1974". Retrieved 4 March 2021.
  12. ^ "Dyfed FHS: St Issell (Church in Wales)". Retrieved 4 March 2021.

External links[edit]