Haroonabad, Bahawalnagar

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Haroonabad

ہارون آباد
Aerial view of Haroonabad
Aerial view of Haroonabad
Municipal Committee Haroonabad
Municipal Committee logo
Haroonabad is located in Punjab, Pakistan
Haroonabad
Haroonabad
Haroonabad is located in Pakistan
Haroonabad
Haroonabad
Coordinates: 29°36′47″N 73°08′27″E / 29.612972°N 73.1408613°E / 29.612972; 73.1408613Coordinates: 29°36′47″N 73°08′27″E / 29.612972°N 73.1408613°E / 29.612972; 73.1408613
Country Pakistan
ProvincePunjab, Pakistan Punjab
DistrictBahawalnagar
TehsilHaroonabad
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Committee
 • ChairmanHaji Muhammad Yaseen
 • Vice ChairmanMalik Muhammad Riaz Khilji
 • Chief OfficerMuhammad Arshad Mehmood
Area
 • Total772 km2 (298 sq mi)
Elevation
178 m (584 ft)
Population
 (2017)
 • Total142,909
 • Density366/km2 (950/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+5 (PST)
Number of Union councils22
WebsiteMC Haroonabad

Haroonabad or Harunabad (Punjabi, Urdu: ہارون آباد) is a tehsil (sub-district) in Bahawalnagar District of the Punjab Province of Pakistan. The town is the headquarters of Haroonabad Tehsil and administrative subdivision of the district.[2]

History[edit]

Haroonabad Town is a tehsil headquarter and an important Mandi town of Bahawalnagar District. The history of the town is not very old. It was laid out and established as a Mandi Town under the Satluj valley project during the colonization of the region in English rule in second decade of the 20th century. Before colonization, the site of the present Haroonabad Town was known as Toba Badru Wala. The word "Toba" in the local language means "pond". It is said that there was a big natural pond to the north side of the railway station at a small distance where rain water was collected. The availability of water in this deserted area had attracted the natives. The main occupation of the natives was cattle farming and cultivation on a small scale during the rainy season. The caste of local people who lived there was "Joiya Badru". This small settlement was named as "Toba Badru Wala" because of their caste.[3]

In 1927, the branch railway line linking Forrtabbas town with Bahawalnagar city was constructed. The railway station at Haroonabad town was built in the same year and was called Badru Wala Station. A grain market, a few shops and dwelling units were developed along Chaman Bazar, Railway Bazaar and Main Bazaar in the beginning. The establishment of irrigation system/canal system under the Satluj valley project in 1934 added to the agricultural production of the hinterland and provided a significant economic base to this small settlement. The construction of 3R and 4R Canals in the region brought the most of the area under the irrigation system. The town began to flourish as a Mandi town rapidly due to increasing economic and commercial activities. Near 4R canal village 72/4.R is located. Rajpoot people live in this village. These peoples are known as very rich and famous people who are interested in land load. The town was renamed as Haroonabad town after the name of Prince Haroon-ur-Rashid, the son of Nawab of Bahawalpur Sir Sadiq Muhammad Khan Khamis.[3]

At the time of the partition of the subcontinent in 1947, a large number of refugees settled here and the population of the town was substantially increased. Development of some residential colonies, establishment of social services like educational and health institutions and provision of public utilities made living conditions in the town more attractive and resulted in rapid growth.[3]

Administration[edit]

Haroonabad consists of 26 Unions which are mostly villages. The only noticeable sub-urban town is Faqirwali apart from Haroonabad city's own unions.[4]

Economy[edit]

Canal 4R in Haroonabad
Picture of a near village of Haroonabad

The economy is based around agriculture, cotton being of major importance, followed by cauliflower.[5] The headquarters of two national brands of tea are also here, Vital Tea and Prime Tea.

Wastewater is not used for irrigation.[6]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ "MC Haroonabad: Administrative Setup". Local Government Punjab. Retrieved 2018-04-25.
  2. ^ Tehsils & Unions in the District of Bahawalnagar - Government of Pakistan Archived 2012-02-09 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b c Haroonabad (1989-2014) Office of the Deputy Director, Regional Physical Planning Bahawalpur
  4. ^ Unions in Bahawalnagar District - National Reconstruction Bureau Archived 2012-02-09 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Ensink, Jeroen (ed.), "The Cases of Haroonabad and Faisalabad", Wastewater Use in Pakistan, Patancheru, India: International Water Management Institute (IWMI), retrieved 2008-01-17
  6. ^ Feenstra, Sabiena; Hussain, Raheela; van der Hoek, Wim, eds. (October 2000), "Health Risks of Irrigation with Untreated Urban Wastewater in the Southern Pubjab" (PDF), Proc. Institute of Public Health, Pakistan, Lahore, Pakistan: IWMI, p. 19, retrieved 2008-01-17