Haroun Tazieff

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Haroun Tazieff in Saint-Denis, Réunion, October 1972

Haroun Tazieff (Warsaw, 11 May 1914 – Paris, 2 February 1998) was a Polish, Belgian and French volcanologist and geologist. He was a famous cinematographer of volcanic eruptions and lava flows, and the author of several books on volcanoes.[1] He was also a government adviser and Cabinet minister.

Early life[edit]

His parents met and married in 1906 while they were both students in Brussels. They later returned to Warsaw, Russian Partition where their first son, Salvator, died at two months and where Haroun was born. His father, Sabir, was a Muslim medical doctor, of Tatar descent and his mother, Zenita née Klupt, was a Polish Jewish chemist and doctor of Natural science and holder of a Bachelor's degree in Political science. His father was conscripted into the Russian Army and died during the First world war, a fact that did not reach the family until 1919. In 1917 Haroun emigrated to Brussels with his widowed mother.

Haroun received a degree in agronomy in Gembloux in 1938, and another degree in geology at the University of Liège in 1944. He was later a Secretary of state in France, in charge of protection against major risks.

Career[edit]

The National Geographic film The Violent Earth was based on Tazieff's expeditions to the volcanoes, Mount Etna, Sicily in 1971 and Mount Nyiragongo, Democratic Republic of Congo in 1972 in which he attempted, unsuccessfully, to descend into the active lava lake in order to collect samples something he had managed to achieve on a previous expedition in 1959.

He participated in the first detailed exploration of the “Saint-Martin" La Verna cave system in the French Pyrenees. In 1952, while he was filming Marcel Loubens' ascent of the Pierre-Saint-Martin rock face, the cable of the hoist broke and Loubens fell over 80 meters. Loubens died 36 hours later but his body could only be recovered from the cave in 1954.

Haroun Tazieff became famous in France after publishing a book entitled, "Le Gouffre de la Pierre Saint-Martin” in 1952.[2]

Tazieff died in 1998 and was buried in the Passy Cemetery in Paris.[1]

Publications[edit]

His publications were translated into English [3][4][5][6] included texts about forecasting volcanic and earthquake events [7][8] They include:

  • Cratères en feu, Édition Arthaud, 1951 (Gallimard jeunesse 1973 und in 4. editions Arthaud 1978)
  • Tore der Hölle. Vulkankunde, Rüschlikon-Zürich, Müller, 1950
  • L'Eau et le Feu, Édition Arthaud, 1954. German edition: Im Banne der Vulkane. Abenteuer eines Geologen im ostafrikanischen Graben, Brockhaus 1955
  • Les rendez-vous du diable, Édition Hachette, 1959, 1961
  • Geburt eines Vulkans – afrikanisches Abenteuer, Lux 1962
  • Der Ätna und seine Nachbarn – Stromboli, Vulcano, Lipari, Lux 1960
  • Histoires de volcans, Le Livre de Poche, 1978.
  • with Clément Borgal and Norbert Casteret 15 aventures sous terre, Éditions Gautier-Languereau, 1970.
  • L'Etna et les volcanologues, Édition Arthaud, 1973
  • Vingt-cinq ans sur les volcans du globe, 2 volumes, Éditions Nathan, 1974–1975.
  • L'odeur du soufre: expédition en Afar, Éditions Stock, 1975.
  • Cordillères, séismes et volcans, Laffont, 1975
  • Niragongo, ou le volcan interdit, Flammarion, 1975. Deutsche Ausgabe Niragongo, Rüschlikon-Zürich, Müller 1980
  • Le gouffre de la Pierre Saint-Martin, Arthaud, 1952, Neuauflage 1976 Online bei Association de recherches spéléologiques internationales de la Pierre Saint-Martin, pdf
  • Jouer avec le feu, Seuil 1976
  • La Soufrière et autres volcans: la volcanologie en danger. Éditions Flammarion 1979
  • Ouvrez donc les yeux : conversations sur quelques points brûlants d'actualité (Conversations with Claude Mossé), Laffont 1980.
  • with Claude Villers Ça sent le soufre, Éditions Nathan 1981.
  • Les volcans et la dérive des continents, Presses universitaires de France, 1973, 1984, 1991, deutsche Ausgabe Vulkanismus und Kontinentwanderung, DVA 1974
  • Sur l´Etna, Flammarion 1984, deutsche Ausgabe Der Ätna- der Berg, seine Gefahren, seine Zukunft, Busse-Seewald 1988
  • Quand la terre tremble, 3. edition, Fayard 1986
  • La prévision des séismes, Hachette, Collection questions de science, 1987
  • Les volcans, Hachette littérature 1987
  • with Max Derruau Le volcanisme et sa prévention, Masson 1990
  • with Bernard Amy, Florence Trystram: Sur l'Etna, 3. edition, Flammarion, 1991
  • Les défis et la chance: ma vie, Éditions Stock - L. Pernoud, 2 volumes, 1991–1992 (Autobiography, Vol. 1: De Pétrograd au Niragongo, Vol. 2: Le Vagabond des Volcans)
  • La terre va-t-elle cesser de tourner?: pollutions réelles, pollutions imaginaires, 2. edition, Éditions Séghers, 1992.
  • Erebus - Volcan Antarctique, Arthaud 1978 and Collection Babel, Terres d’aventures. Actes Sud. 1994
  • Volcans, Éditions Bordas, 1996.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Haroun Tazieff, 83, a Volcanist And Iconoclast on Environment". New York Times. 2008-02-08. Retrieved 2008-10-30. 
  2. ^ Tazieff, Haroun (1976), L'Odeur du soufre : expédition en Afar, le Livre de poche, ISBN 978-2-253-01535-2 
  3. ^ Tazieff, Haroun; Bichet, Pierre (1979), Nyiragongo, the forbidden volcano, Barron's/Woodbury, ISBN 978-0-8120-5296-1 
  4. ^ Tazieff, Haroun (1964), When the earth trembles, R. Hart-Davis, retrieved 10 January 2016 ,
  5. ^ Tazieff, Haroun; Lawson, Veronica (1974), The making of the earth : volcanoes and continental drift, Saxon House, ISBN 978-0-347-00021-5 
  6. ^ Tazieff, Haroun (1962), Volcanoes, Prentice-Hall International, retrieved 10 January 2016 
  7. ^ Tazieff, Haroun (1992), Earthquake prediction, McGraw-Hill, ISBN 978-0-07-062992-9 
  8. ^ Tazieff, Haroun, 1914-; Sabroux, Jean-Christophe (1983), Forecasting volcanic events, Elsevier, ISBN 978-0-444-42241-5 

External link[edit]