Harpadon is a genus of bony fishes in the lizardfish family. The most famous member of this genus is the Bombay duck, H. nehereus, which is commercially fished to supply its use in Indian cuisine, especially in the area around Mumbai.
There are currently 7 recognized species in this genus:
- Harpadon erythraeus Klausewitz, 1983
- Harpadon microchir Günther, 1878
- Harpadon mortenseni Hardenberg, 1933 
- Harpadon nehereus (F. Hamilton, 1822) (Bombay duck)
- Harpadon nudus Ganga & J. P. Thomas, 2015 
- Harpadon squamosus (Alcock, 1891)
- Harpadon translucens Saville-Kent, 1889 (Glassy bombay duck)
- Ganga, U., Thomas, J.P. & Sukumaran, S. (2015): A new species of the Genus Harpadon (Aulopiformes, Synodontidae) from the north-eastern Arabian Sea, India. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 62 (4): 1-9.
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