Harperocallis

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Harperocallis
Harperocallis flava1.jpg
Flower of Harperocallis flava
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Tofieldiaceae
Genus: Harperocallis
McDaniel
Synonyms[1]

Isidrogalvia Ruiz & Pav.

Harperocallis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Tofieldiaceae, native to Florida and northwestern South America. It was originally described as a monotypic genus, based on the Floridian H. flava, in 1968, but was expanded in 2013 to include ten South American species formerly placed in Isidrogalvia.

Taxonomy[edit]

The genus was originally described in 1968, incorporating only the newly described type species, Harperocallis flava, an endemic of the Florida panhandle.[2] On the basis of molecular and morphological evidence, H. flava was shown to be derived from or sister to Isidrogalvia, then treated as a genus of ten species native to the Guianas and the northern Andes, and was transferred into that genus in 2011.[3] However, the original description of Isidrogalvia proved to include a European species previously used (under a different name) to typify Tofieldia, thus inadvertently rendering Isidrogalvia a later synonym of Tofieldia. After the rejection of a proposal to conserve the eleven species of Isidrogalvia with a new type,[4] Harperocallis was instead revived with a broader circumscription to include the eleven New World species previously treated as Isidrogalvia.[1]

Species[1]
  1. H. duidae (Steyerm.) L.M.Campb. & Dorr - S Venezuela
  2. H. falcata (Ruiz & Pav.) L.M.Campb. & Dorr - Ecuador, Peru
  3. H. flava McDaniel - Florida Panhandle[5]
  4. H. longiflora (Rusby) L.M.Campb. & Dorr - Bolivia
  5. H. neblinae (Steyerm. ex L.M.Campb.) L.M.Campb. & Dorr - S Venezuela
  6. H. paniculata (L.M.Campb.) L.M.Campb. & Dorr - N Brazil
  7. H. penduliflora (L.M.Campb.) L.M.Campb. & Dorr - S Venezuela
  8. H. robustior (Steyerm.) L.M.Campb. & Dorr - N Venezuela
  9. H. schomburgkiana (Oliv.) L.M.Campb. & Dorr - S Venezuela, N Brazil, Guyana
  10. H. sessiliflora (Hook.) L.M.Campb. & Dorr - N Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador
  11. H. sipapoensis (L.M.Campb.) L.M.Campb. & Dorr - S Venezuela

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Campbell, Lisa M.; Dorr, Laurence J. (2013). "A synopsis of Harperocallis (Tofieldiaceae, Alismatales) with ten new combinations". PhytoKeys. 21: 37–52. doi:10.3897/phytokeys.21.4859. 
  2. ^ McDaniel, Sidney T. (1968). "Harperocallis a new genus of the Liliaceae from Florida". Journal of the Arnold Arboretum. 49 (1): 35–40. 
  3. ^ Remizowa, MV; Sokoloff, DD; Campbell, LM; Stevenson, DW; Rudall, PJ (2011). "Harperocallis is congeneric with Isidrogalvia (Tofieldiaceae, Alismatales): Evidence from comparative floral morphology". Taxon. 60 (4): 1076–1094. 
  4. ^ Applequist, Wendy L. (2012). "Report of the Nomenclature Committee for Vascular Plants: 64". Taxon. 61 (5): 1108–1117. 
  5. ^ Biota of North America Program, 2013 county distribution map, Isidrogalvia flava Image